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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.SMB_NT_MS21_AUG_5005031.NASL
HistoryAug 10, 2021 - 12:00 a.m.

KB5005031: Windows 10 Version 1909 Security Update (August 2021)

2021-08-1000:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
46

9.9 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

9 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

7.5 High

CVSS2

Access Vector

Access Complexity

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

0.351 Low

EPSS

Percentile

97.1%

The remote Windows host is missing security update 5005031.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

  • A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to bypass authentication and execute unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-26424, CVE-2021-26432, CVE-2021-34530, CVE-2021-34533, CVE-2021-34534, CVE-2021-34535, CVE-2021-36936, CVE-2021-36937, CVE-2021-36947)

  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to gain elevated privileges.
    (CVE-2021-26425, CVE-2021-26426, CVE-2021-34483, CVE-2021-34484, CVE-2021-34486, CVE-2021-34487, CVE-2021-34536, CVE-2021-34537, CVE-2021-36948)

  • An information disclosure vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to disclose potentially sensitive information. (CVE-2021-26433, CVE-2021-36926, CVE-2021-36932, CVE-2021-36933)

  • An memory corruption vulnerability exists. An attacker can exploit this to corrupt the memory and cause unexpected behaviors within the system/application.
    (CVE-2021-34480)

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 70300
#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were  
# extracted from the Microsoft Security Updates API. The text
# itself is copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.
#

include('deprecated_nasl_level.inc');
include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(152430);
  script_version("1.11");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/12/29");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2021-26424",
    "CVE-2021-26425",
    "CVE-2021-26426",
    "CVE-2021-26432",
    "CVE-2021-26433",
    "CVE-2021-34480",
    "CVE-2021-34481",
    "CVE-2021-34483",
    "CVE-2021-34484",
    "CVE-2021-34486",
    "CVE-2021-34487",
    "CVE-2021-34530",
    "CVE-2021-34533",
    "CVE-2021-34534",
    "CVE-2021-34535",
    "CVE-2021-34536",
    "CVE-2021-34537",
    "CVE-2021-36926",
    "CVE-2021-36932",
    "CVE-2021-36933",
    "CVE-2021-36936",
    "CVE-2021-36937",
    "CVE-2021-36947",
    "CVE-2021-36948"
  );
  script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"5005031");
  script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS21-5005031");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2021-A-0373-S");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2021-A-0374-S");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2021/11/17");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2022/04/18");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2022/04/21");

  script_name(english:"KB5005031: Windows 10 Version 1909 Security Update (August 2021)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Windows host is missing security update 5005031.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

  - A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to bypass authentication and execute
    unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-26424,
    CVE-2021-26432, CVE-2021-34530, CVE-2021-34533,
    CVE-2021-34534, CVE-2021-34535, CVE-2021-36936,
    CVE-2021-36937, CVE-2021-36947)

  - An elevation of privilege vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to gain elevated privileges.
    (CVE-2021-26425, CVE-2021-26426, CVE-2021-34483,
    CVE-2021-34484, CVE-2021-34486, CVE-2021-34487,
    CVE-2021-34536, CVE-2021-34537, CVE-2021-36948)

  - An information disclosure vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to disclose potentially sensitive
    information. (CVE-2021-26433, CVE-2021-36926,
    CVE-2021-36932, CVE-2021-36933)

  - An memory corruption vulnerability exists. An attacker
    can exploit this to corrupt the memory and cause
    unexpected behaviors within the system/application.
    (CVE-2021-34480)");
  # https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/august-10-2021-kb5005031-os-build-18363-1734-8af726da-a39b-417d-a5fb-670c42d69e78
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?819616f3");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Apply Cumulative Update KB5005031.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-36936");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-26424");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2021/08/10");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2021/08/10");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2021/08/10");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("smb_check_rollup.nasl", "smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
  script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
  script_require_ports(139, 445, "Host/patch_management_checks");

  exit(0);
}

include('smb_func.inc');
include('smb_hotfixes.inc');
include('smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc');
include('smb_reg_query.inc');

get_kb_item_or_exit('SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible');

bulletin = 'MS21-08';
kbs = make_list(
  '5005031'
);

if (get_kb_item('Host/patch_management_checks')) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);

get_kb_item_or_exit('SMB/Registry/Enumerated');
get_kb_item_or_exit('SMB/WindowsVersion', exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win10:'0') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

share = hotfix_get_systemdrive(as_share:TRUE, exit_on_fail:TRUE);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

if (
  smb_check_rollup(os:'10', 
                   sp:0,
                   os_build:18363,
                   rollup_date:'08_2021',
                   bulletin:bulletin,
                   rollup_kb_list:[5005031])
)
{
  replace_kb_item(name:'SMB/Missing/'+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, hotfix_get_audit_report());
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
microsoftwindowscpe:/o:microsoft:windows

References

9.9 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

9 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

7.5 High

CVSS2

Access Vector

Access Complexity

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

0.351 Low

EPSS

Percentile

97.1%