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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2022-9591.NASL
HistoryJul 12, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Oracle Linux 8 : Unbreakable Enterprise kernel-container (ELSA-2022-9591)

2022-07-1200:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
46

7.2 High

CVSS2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.001 Low

EPSS

Percentile

31.2%

The remote Oracle Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ELSA-2022-9591 advisory.

  • Linux Kernel could allow a local attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a concurrency use-after-free flaw in the bad_flp_intr function. By executing a specially-crafted program, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service condition on the system. (CVE-2022-1652)

  • Intel microprocessor generations 6 to 8 are affected by a new Spectre variant that is able to bypass their retpoline mitigation in the kernel to leak arbitrary data. An attacker with unprivileged user access can hijack return instructions to achieve arbitrary speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-29901)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Oracle Linux Security Advisory ELSA-2022-9591.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(163037);
  script_version("1.7");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/01/16");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2022-1652", "CVE-2022-29901");

  script_name(english:"Oracle Linux 8 : Unbreakable Enterprise kernel-container (ELSA-2022-9591)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the
ELSA-2022-9591 advisory.

  - Linux Kernel could allow a local attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a concurrency
    use-after-free flaw in the bad_flp_intr function. By executing a specially-crafted program, an attacker
    could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service condition on the
    system. (CVE-2022-1652)

  - Intel microprocessor generations 6 to 8 are affected by a new Spectre variant that is able to bypass their
    retpoline mitigation in the kernel to leak arbitrary data. An attacker with unprivileged user access can
    hijack return instructions to achieve arbitrary speculative code execution under certain
    microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-29901)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://linux.oracle.com/errata/ELSA-2022-9591.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected kernel-uek-container and / or kernel-uek-container-debug packages.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-1652");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2022/06/02");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2022/07/12");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2022/07/12");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:oracle:linux:8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-container");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-container-debug");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Oracle Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("linux_alt_patch_detect.nasl", "ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/OracleLinux", "Host/RedHat/release", "Host/RedHat/rpm-list", "Host/local_checks_enabled");

  exit(0);
}


include('ksplice.inc');
include('rpm.inc');

if (!get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled')) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
if (!get_kb_item('Host/OracleLinux')) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
var release = get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/release");
if (isnull(release) || !pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux)", string:release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux) .*release ([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)", string:release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, 'Oracle Linux');
var os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^8([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux 8', 'Oracle Linux ' + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item('Host/RedHat/rpm-list')) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Oracle Linux', cpu);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_ARCH_NOT, 'x86_64', cpu);

var machine_uptrack_level = get_one_kb_item('Host/uptrack-uname-r');
if (machine_uptrack_level)
{
  var trimmed_uptrack_level = ereg_replace(string:machine_uptrack_level, pattern:"\.(x86_64|i[3-6]86|aarch64)$", replace:'');
  var fixed_uptrack_levels = ['5.15.0-0.30.20.el8'];
  foreach var fixed_uptrack_level ( fixed_uptrack_levels ) {
    if (rpm_spec_vers_cmp(a:trimmed_uptrack_level, b:fixed_uptrack_level) >= 0)
    {
      audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, 'KSplice hotfix for ELSA-2022-9591');
    }
  }
  __rpm_report = 'Running KSplice level of ' + trimmed_uptrack_level + ' does not meet the minimum fixed level of ' + join(fixed_uptrack_levels, sep:' / ') + ' for this advisory.\n\n';
}

var kernel_major_minor = get_kb_item('Host/uname/major_minor');
if (empty_or_null(kernel_major_minor)) exit(1, 'Unable to determine kernel major-minor level.');
var expected_kernel_major_minor = '5.15';
if (kernel_major_minor != expected_kernel_major_minor)
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'running kernel level ' + expected_kernel_major_minor + ', it is running kernel level ' + kernel_major_minor);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-container-5.15.0-0.30.20.el8', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-container-5.15.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-container-debug-5.15.0-0.30.20.el8', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-container-debug-5.15.0'}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) release = 'EL' + package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && release) {
    if (exists_check) {
        if (rpm_exists(release:release, rpm:exists_check) && rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    } else {
        if (rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    }
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'kernel-uek-container / kernel-uek-container-debug');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
oraclelinux8cpe:/o:oracle:linux:8
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-containerp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-container
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-container-debugp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-container-debug

7.2 High

CVSS2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.001 Low

EPSS

Percentile

31.2%