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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2019-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2019-2411.NASL
HistoryAug 20, 2019 - 12:00 a.m.

Oracle Linux 8 : kernel (ELSA-2019-2411)

2019-08-2000:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2019-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
20

CVSS2

7.2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS3

7.8

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

35.1%

The remote Oracle Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ELSA-2019-2411 advisory.

  • An information disclosure vulnerability exists when certain central processing units (CPU) speculatively access memory, aka ‘Windows Kernel Information Disclosure Vulnerability’. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2019-1071, CVE-2019-1073. (CVE-2019-1125)

  • In the Linux kernel before 5.1.17, ptrace_link in kernel/ptrace.c mishandles the recording of the credentials of a process that wants to create a ptrace relationship, which allows local users to obtain root access by leveraging certain scenarios with a parent-child process relationship, where a parent drops privileges and calls execve (potentially allowing control by an attacker). One contributing factor is an object lifetime issue (which can also cause a panic). Another contributing factor is incorrect marking of a ptrace relationship as privileged, which is exploitable through (for example) Polkit’s pkexec helper with PTRACE_TRACEME. NOTE: SELinux deny_ptrace might be a usable workaround in some environments.
    (CVE-2019-13272)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 70300
##
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Oracle Linux Security Advisory ELSA-2019-2411.
##

include('deprecated_nasl_level.inc');
include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(127978);
  script_version("1.8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/02/08");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2019-1125", "CVE-2019-13272");
  script_xref(name:"RHSA", value:"2019:2411");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2022/06/10");

  script_name(english:"Oracle Linux 8 : kernel (ELSA-2019-2411)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the
ELSA-2019-2411 advisory.

  - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when certain central processing units (CPU) speculatively
    access memory, aka 'Windows Kernel Information Disclosure Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from
    CVE-2019-1071, CVE-2019-1073. (CVE-2019-1125)

  - In the Linux kernel before 5.1.17, ptrace_link in kernel/ptrace.c mishandles the recording of the
    credentials of a process that wants to create a ptrace relationship, which allows local users to obtain
    root access by leveraging certain scenarios with a parent-child process relationship, where a parent drops
    privileges and calls execve (potentially allowing control by an attacker). One contributing factor is an
    object lifetime issue (which can also cause a panic). Another contributing factor is incorrect marking of
    a ptrace relationship as privileged, which is exploitable through (for example) Polkit's pkexec helper
    with PTRACE_TRACEME. NOTE: SELinux deny_ptrace might be a usable workaround in some environments.
    (CVE-2019-13272)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://linux.oracle.com/errata/ELSA-2019-2411.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected packages.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2019-13272");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"metasploit_name", value:'Linux Polkit pkexec helper PTRACE_TRACEME local root exploit');
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_metasploit", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2019/07/16");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2019/08/19");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2019/08/20");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:oracle:linux:8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:bpftool");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-abi-whitelists");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-core");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-cross-headers");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-core");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-modules");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-modules-extra");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-headers");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-modules");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-modules-extra");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-tools");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-tools-libs");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-tools-libs-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:python3-perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"II");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Oracle Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2019-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("linux_alt_patch_detect.nasl", "ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/OracleLinux", "Host/RedHat/release", "Host/RedHat/rpm-list", "Host/local_checks_enabled");

  exit(0);
}


include('audit.inc');
include('global_settings.inc');
include('ksplice.inc');
include('rpm.inc');

if (!get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled')) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
if (!get_kb_item('Host/OracleLinux')) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
var release = get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/release");
if (isnull(release) || !pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux)", string:release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux) .*release ([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)", string:release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, 'Oracle Linux');
var os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^8([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux 8', 'Oracle Linux ' + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item('Host/RedHat/rpm-list')) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Oracle Linux', cpu);

var machine_uptrack_level = get_one_kb_item('Host/uptrack-uname-r');
if (machine_uptrack_level)
{
  var trimmed_uptrack_level = ereg_replace(string:machine_uptrack_level, pattern:"\.(x86_64|i[3-6]86|aarch64)$", replace:'');
  var fixed_uptrack_levels = ['4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0'];
  foreach var fixed_uptrack_level ( fixed_uptrack_levels ) {
    if (rpm_spec_vers_cmp(a:trimmed_uptrack_level, b:fixed_uptrack_level) >= 0)
    {
      audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, 'KSplice hotfix for ELSA-2019-2411');
    }
  }
  __rpm_report = 'Running KSplice level of ' + trimmed_uptrack_level + ' does not meet the minimum fixed level of ' + join(fixed_uptrack_levels, sep:' / ') + ' for this advisory.\n\n';
}

var kernel_major_minor = get_kb_item('Host/uname/major_minor');
if (empty_or_null(kernel_major_minor)) exit(1, 'Unable to determine kernel major-minor level.');
var expected_kernel_major_minor = '4.18';
if (kernel_major_minor != expected_kernel_major_minor)
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'running kernel level ' + expected_kernel_major_minor + ', it is running kernel level ' + kernel_major_minor);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'bpftool-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-abi-whitelists-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-abi-whitelists-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-core-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-core-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-cross-headers-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-cross-headers-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debug-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-debug-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debug-core-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-debug-core-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debug-devel-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-debug-devel-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debug-modules-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-debug-modules-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debug-modules-extra-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-debug-modules-extra-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-devel-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-headers-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-modules-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-modules-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-modules-extra-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-modules-extra-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-tools-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-libs-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-tools-libs-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-libs-devel-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-tools-libs-devel-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-libs-devel-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-tools-libs-devel-4.18.0'},
    {'reference':'perf-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-perf-4.18.0-80.7.2.el8_0', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) release = 'EL' + package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && release) {
    if (exists_check) {
        if (rpm_exists(release:release, rpm:exists_check) && rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    } else {
        if (rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    }
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'bpftool / kernel / kernel-abi-whitelists / etc');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
oraclelinux8cpe:/o:oracle:linux:8
oraclelinuxbpftoolp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:bpftool
oraclelinuxkernelp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel
oraclelinuxkernel-abi-whitelistsp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-abi-whitelists
oraclelinuxkernel-corep-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-core
oraclelinuxkernel-cross-headersp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-cross-headers
oraclelinuxkernel-debugp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug
oraclelinuxkernel-debug-corep-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-core
oraclelinuxkernel-debug-develp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-devel
oraclelinuxkernel-debug-modulesp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-debug-modules
Rows per page:
1-10 of 201

CVSS2

7.2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS3

7.8

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

35.1%