Lucene search

K
nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.AL2_ALAS-2022-1838.NASL
HistorySep 15, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALAS-2022-1838)

2022-09-1500:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
277

8.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 4.14.291-218.527. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2022-1838 advisory.

  • A use-after-free flaw was found in the Linux kernel’s Atheros wireless adapter driver in the way a user forces the ath9k_htc_wait_for_target function to fail with some input messages. This flaw allows a local user to crash or potentially escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-1679)

  • A flaw was found in the Linux kernel’s KVM when attempting to set a SynIC IRQ. This issue makes it possible for a misbehaving VMM to write to SYNIC/STIMER MSRs, causing a NULL pointer dereference. This flaw allows an unprivileged local attacker on the host to issue specific ioctl calls, causing a kernel oops condition that results in a denial of service. (CVE-2022-2153)

  • It was discovered that the cls_route filter implementation in the Linux kernel would not remove an old filter from the hashtable before freeing it if its handle had the value 0. (CVE-2022-2588)

  • Non-transparent sharing of return predictor targets between contexts in some Intel® Processors may allow an authorized user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-26373)

  • Intel microprocessor generations 6 to 8 are affected by a new Spectre variant that is able to bypass their retpoline mitigation in the kernel to leak arbitrary data. An attacker with unprivileged user access can hijack return instructions to achieve arbitrary speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-29901)

  • nfqnl_mangle in net/netfilter/nfnetlink_queue.c in the Linux kernel through 5.18.14 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) because, in the case of an nf_queue verdict with a one-byte nfta_payload attribute, an skb_pull can encounter a negative skb->len. (CVE-2022-36946)

  • In nf_tables_updtable, if nf_tables_table_enable returns an error, nft_trans_destroy is called to free the transaction object. nft_trans_destroy() calls list_del(), but the transaction was never placed on a list
    – the list head is all zeroes, this results in a NULL pointer dereference. (CVE-2023-1095)

  • VMware ESXi contains Return-Stack-Buffer-Underflow (CVE-2022-29901, CVE-2022-28693, CVE-2022-26373) and Branch Type Confusion (CVE-2022-23816, CVE-2022-23825) vulnerabilities due to the Intel and AMD processors it utilizes. VMware has evaluated the severity of these issues to be in the Moderate severity range with a maximum CVSSv3 base score of 5.6. (CVE-2022-28693)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Amazon Linux 2 Security Advisory ALAS-2022-1838.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(165102);
  script_version("1.9");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/04/12");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2022-1679",
    "CVE-2022-2153",
    "CVE-2022-2588",
    "CVE-2022-26373",
    "CVE-2022-28693",
    "CVE-2022-29901",
    "CVE-2022-36946",
    "CVE-2023-1095"
  );

  script_name(english:"Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALAS-2022-1838)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 4.14.291-218.527. It is, therefore, affected by multiple
vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2022-1838 advisory.

  - A use-after-free flaw was found in the Linux kernel's Atheros wireless adapter driver in the way a user
    forces the ath9k_htc_wait_for_target function to fail with some input messages. This flaw allows a local
    user to crash or potentially escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-1679)

  - A flaw was found in the Linux kernel's KVM when attempting to set a SynIC IRQ. This issue makes it
    possible for a misbehaving VMM to write to SYNIC/STIMER MSRs, causing a NULL pointer dereference. This
    flaw allows an unprivileged local attacker on the host to issue specific ioctl calls, causing a kernel
    oops condition that results in a denial of service. (CVE-2022-2153)

  - It was discovered that the cls_route filter implementation in the Linux kernel would not remove an old
    filter from the hashtable before freeing it if its handle had the value 0. (CVE-2022-2588)

  - Non-transparent sharing of return predictor targets between contexts in some Intel(R) Processors may allow
    an authorized user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-26373)

  - Intel microprocessor generations 6 to 8 are affected by a new Spectre variant that is able to bypass their
    retpoline mitigation in the kernel to leak arbitrary data. An attacker with unprivileged user access can
    hijack return instructions to achieve arbitrary speculative code execution under certain
    microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-29901)

  - nfqnl_mangle in net/netfilter/nfnetlink_queue.c in the Linux kernel through 5.18.14 allows remote
    attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) because, in the case of an nf_queue verdict with a one-byte
    nfta_payload attribute, an skb_pull can encounter a negative skb->len. (CVE-2022-36946)

  - In nf_tables_updtable, if nf_tables_table_enable returns an error, nft_trans_destroy is called to free the
    transaction object. nft_trans_destroy() calls list_del(), but the transaction was never placed on a list
    -- the list head is all zeroes, this results in a NULL pointer dereference. (CVE-2023-1095)

  - VMware ESXi contains Return-Stack-Buffer-Underflow (CVE-2022-29901, CVE-2022-28693, CVE-2022-26373) and
    Branch Type Confusion (CVE-2022-23816, CVE-2022-23825) vulnerabilities due to the Intel and AMD processors
    it utilizes. VMware has evaluated the severity of these issues to be in the Moderate severity range with a
    maximum CVSSv3 base score of 5.6. (CVE-2022-28693)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2/ALAS-2022-1838.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1679.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2153.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2588.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-26373.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-28693.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-29901.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-36946.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2023-1095.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/faqs.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Run 'yum update kernel' to update your system.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-1679");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-2588");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2022/05/16");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2022/09/01");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2022/09/15");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-4.14.291-218.527");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Amazon Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("kpatch.nasl", "ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/AmazonLinux/release", "Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}

include("rpm.inc");
include("hotfixes.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);

var alas_release = get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/release");
if (isnull(alas_release) || !strlen(alas_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "^AL(A|\d+|-\d+)", string:alas_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Amazon Linux");
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (os_ver != "2")
{
  if (os_ver == 'A') os_ver = 'AMI';
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux 2", "Amazon Linux " + os_ver);
}

if (!get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

if (get_one_kb_item("Host/kpatch/kernel-cves"))
{
  set_hotfix_type("kpatch");
  var cve_list = make_list("CVE-2022-1679", "CVE-2022-2153", "CVE-2022-2588", "CVE-2022-26373", "CVE-2022-28693", "CVE-2022-29901", "CVE-2022-36946", "CVE-2023-1095");
  if (hotfix_cves_check(cve_list))
  {
    audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, "kpatch hotfix for ALAS-2022-1838");
  }
  else
  {
    __rpm_report = hotfix_reporting_text();
  }
}
var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'kernel-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-livepatch-4.14.291-218.527-1.0-0.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python-perf-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python-perf-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python-perf-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python-perf-debuginfo-4.14.291-218.527.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && _release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:_release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "kernel / kernel-debuginfo / kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64 / etc");
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
amazonlinuxkernelp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64
amazonlinuxkernel-develp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel
amazonlinuxkernel-headersp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers
amazonlinuxkernel-livepatch-4.14.291-218.527p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-4.14.291-218.527
amazonlinuxkernel-toolsp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools
amazonlinuxkernel-tools-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo
amazonlinuxkernel-tools-develp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel
Rows per page:
1-10 of 151

References