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aixCentOS ProjectCURL_ADVISORY3.ASC
HistoryDec 11, 2023 - 1:22 p.m.

Multiple vulnerabilities in cURL libcurl affect AIX

2023-12-1113:22:02
CentOS Project
aix.software.ibm.com
10
curl
libcurl
aix
ibm
vulnerabilities
encryption
hpcs
live update
security
bypass
buffer overflow
remote attacker
cookies
fix
download
advisory

9.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

7.8 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.003 Low

EPSS

Percentile

70.8%

IBM SECURITY ADVISORY

First Issued: Mon Dec 11 13:22:02 CST 2023

The most recent version of this document is available here:
https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory3.asc

Security Bulletin: Multiple vulnerabilities in cURL libcurl affect AIX

===============================================================================

SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities in cURL libcurl affect AIX. AIX uses cURL libcurl 
as part of LV/PV encryption integration with HPCS and in Live Update for
interacting with HMC.

===============================================================================

VULNERABILITY DETAILS:

CVEID: CVE-2023-38546
    https://vulners.com/cve/CVE-2023-38546
DESCRIPTION: cURL libcurl could allow a remote attacker to bypass
    security restrictions, caused by a flaw in the curl_easy_duphandle
    function if a transfer has cookies enabled when the handle is
    duplicated. By sending a specially crafted request, an attacker could
    exploit this vulnerability to insert cookies at will into a running
    program.
CVSS Base Score: 3.7
CVSS Temporal Score: See 
    https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/268046
    for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID: CVE-2023-38545
    https://vulners.com/cve/CVE-2023-38545
DESCRIPTION: libcurl and cURL are vulnerable to a heap-based buffer
    overflow, caused by the improper handling of hostnames longer than
    255 bytes during a slow SOCKS5 proxy handshake. By sending an overly
    long argument, a remote attacker could overflow a buffer and execute
    arbitrary code on the system.
CVSS Base Score: 8.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See
    https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/268045
    for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)


AFFECTED PRODUCTS AND VERSIONS:

    AIX 7.3 TL1, 7.3 TL2

    The following fileset levels are vulnerable:
    
    key_fileset = aix

    Fileset                 Lower Level  Upper Level KEY 
    ---------------------------------------------------------
    oss.lib.libcurl         7.79.1.0     7.79.1.0    key_w_fs
    oss.lib.libcurl         8.1.2.0      8.1.2.0     key_w_fs

    Note: This bulletin does not apply to versions of curl installed from
    the AIX Toolbox.

    To find out whether the affected filesets are installed 
    on your systems, refer to the lslpp command found in AIX user's guide.

    Example:  lslpp -L | grep -i oss.lib.libcurl


REMEDIATION:

    A. FIXES

        IBM strongly recommends addressing the vulnerability now.

        AIX fixes are available. The fixes are cumulative and address
        previously issued AIX cURL libcurl security bulletins:
        https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory2.asc
        https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/7008409
        https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory.asc
        https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/6998763

        The AIX fixes can be downloaded via https from:
        https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_fix3.tar 

        The link above is to a tar file containing this signed
        advisory, fix packages, and OpenSSL signatures for each package.
        The fixes below include prerequisite checking. This will
        enforce the correct mapping between the fixes and AIX
        Technology Levels.

        AIX Level  Interim Fix (*.Z)        KEY
        ---------------------------------------------
        7.3.1      curl7791mb.231120.epkg.Z key_w_fix
        7.3.2      curl812sa.231120.epkg.Z  key_w_fix

        Please reference the Affected Products and Version section above
        for help with checking installed fileset levels.

        To extract the fixes from the tar file:

        tar xvf curl_fix3.tar
        cd curl_fix3

        Verify you have retrieved the fixes intact:

        The checksums below were generated using the
        "openssl dgst -sha256 [filename]" command as the following:

        openssl dgst -sha256                                              filename                 KEY
        -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        63d0b5f86509df57056e5a608fd06903ce9b052f437f1c68bc8ba3318982673d  curl7791mb.231120.epkg.Z key_w_csum
        b8bc00e57b7fa1f49bc7023371e7f9d1f18a6f8ac688927a47039f0c27cc7f5c  curl812sa.231120.epkg.Z  key_w_csum

        These sums should match exactly. The OpenSSL signatures in the tar
        file and on this advisory can also be used to verify the
        integrity of the fixes.  If the sums or signatures cannot be
        confirmed, contact IBM Support at
        http://ibm.com/support/ and describe the discrepancy.         

        openssl dgst -sha256 -verify [pubkey_file] -signature [advisory_file].sig [advisory_file]

        openssl dgst -sha256 -verify [pubkey_file] -signature [ifix_file].sig [ifix_file]

        Published advisory OpenSSL signature file location:

        https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory3.asc.sig

    B. FIX AND INTERIM FIX INSTALLATION

        If possible, it is recommended that a mksysb backup of the system 
        be created. Verify it is both bootable and readable before
        proceeding.

        To preview a fix installation:

        installp -a -d fix_name -p all  # where fix_name is the name of the
                                        # fix package being previewed.
        To install a fix package:

        installp -a -d fix_name -X all  # where fix_name is the name of the
                                        # fix package being installed.

        Interim fixes have had limited functional and regression
        testing but not the full regression testing that takes place
        for Service Packs; however, IBM does fully support them.

        To preview an interim fix installation:

        emgr -e ipkg_name -p         # where ipkg_name is the name of the
                                     # interim fix package being previewed.

        To install an interim fix package:

        emgr -e ipkg_name -X         # where ipkg_name is the name of the
                                     # interim fix package being installed.

WORKAROUNDS AND MITIGATIONS:

    None.

===============================================================================

CONTACT US:

Note: Keywords labeled as KEY in this document are used for parsing
purposes.

If you would like to receive AIX Security Advisories via email,
please visit "My Notifications":

    http://www.ibm.com/support/mynotifications

Contact IBM Support for questions related to this announcement:

    https://ibm.com/support/

For information on how to securely verify AIX security bulletins and fixes:

    https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/6985269

To obtain the OpenSSL public key that can be used to verify the
signed advisories and ifixes:

    Download the key from our web page:

ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/systems/power/AIX/systems_p_os_aix_security_pubkey.txt
https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/systems_p_os_aix_security_pubkey.txt

To verify the AIX/VIOS security bulletin:

    Published advisory OpenSSL signature file location:

    https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory3.asc.sig

    openssl dgst -sha256 -verify [pubkey_file] -signature [advisory_file].sig [advisory_file]

Please contact your local IBM AIX support center for any
assistance.

REFERENCES:

Complete CVSS v3 Guide:  http://www.first.org/cvss/user-guide
On-line Calculator v3:
    http://www.first.org/cvss/calculator/3.0

RELATED INFORMATION:

IBM Secure Engineering Web Portal
    http://www.ibm.com/security/secure-engineering/bulletins.html

IBM Product Security Incident Response Blog
    https://www.ibm.com/blogs/psirt/

Security Bulletin: Multiple vulnerabilities in cURL libcurl affect AIX
    https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/7095021

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:

None.

CHANGE HISTORY:

First Issued: Mon Dec 11 13:22:02 CST 2023

===============================================================================

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will
ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact
of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the
Reference section of this Security Bulletin.

Disclaimer
According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the
Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an “industry open standard
designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and
priority of response.” IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT
OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY.

9.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

7.8 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.003 Low

EPSS

Percentile

70.8%