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icsIndustrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response TeamICSA-24-004-01
HistoryJan 04, 2024 - 12:00 p.m.

Rockwell Automation FactoryTalk Activation

2024-01-0412:00:00
Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team
www.cisa.gov
18
rockwell automation
factorytalk activation manager
vulnerability
out-of-bounds write
remote access
buffer overflow
cvss v3 9.8
critical manufacturing
security advisory

CVSS3

9.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

8.6

Confidence

Low

EPSS

0.003

Percentile

70.6%

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.8 *ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Rockwell Automation
  • Equipment: FactoryTalk Activation Manager
  • Vulnerabilities: Out-of-Bounds Write

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could result in a buffer overflow and allow the attacker to gain full access to the system.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Factory Talk are affected:

  • Factory Talk: V4.00 (Utilizes Wibu-Systems CodeMeter <7.60c)

3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

Rockwell Automation FactoryTalk Activation Manager and Studio 5000 Logix Designer uses the affected Wibu-Systems’ products which internally use a version of libcurl that is vulnerable to a buffer overflow attack if curl is configured to redirect traffic through a SOCKS5 proxy. A malicious proxy can exploit a bug in the implemented handshake to cause a buffer overflow. If no SOCKS5 proxy has been configured, there is no attack surface.

CVE-2023-38545 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.2 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

Rockwell Automation FactoryTalk Activation Manager and Studio 5000 Logix Designer uses the affected Wibu-Systems’ products which contain a heap buffer overflow vulnerability in Wibu CodeMeter Runtime network service up to Version 7.60b that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to achieve RCE and gain full access of the host system.

CVE-2023-3935 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States

3.4 RESEARCHER

An anonymous researcher reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Users of the affected software are encouraged to apply the risk mitigations, if possible:

  • Upgrade to FactoryTalk Activation Manager 5.01 which has been patched to mitigate these issues.
  • For information on how to mitigate security risks on industrial automation control systems see our suggested security best practices.
  • Rockwell Automation encourages users to implement their suggested security best practices to minimize risk of the vulnerability.

For more information, please see the security advisory from Rockwell Automation

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploits that specifically target these vulnerabilities have been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY

  • January 4, 2024: Initial Publication

References

CVSS3

9.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

8.6

Confidence

Low

EPSS

0.003

Percentile

70.6%