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ibmIBM56297D07135C78F90E195DC8BFC9AA5FE2E6E1BEE9DAD2BAF5F3DB938027CFE0
HistoryDec 11, 2023 - 8:15 p.m.

Security Bulletin: Multiple vulnerabilities in cURL libcurl affect AIX

2023-12-1120:15:23
www.ibm.com
9
ibm
curl
libcurl
aix
vulnerabilities
buffer overflow
heap-based
security restrictions
encryption integration
lv/pv
live update
hmc
remote attacker
cookies
bypass
cve-2023-38546
cve-2023-38545
fix
openssl

9.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8.6 High

AI Score

Confidence

Low

0.003 Low

EPSS

Percentile

70.8%

Summary

Multiple vulnerabilities in cURL libcurl affect AIX. AIX uses cURL libcurl as part of LV/PV encryption integration with HPCS and in Live Update for interacting with HMC.

Vulnerability Details

CVEID:CVE-2023-38546
**DESCRIPTION:**cURL libcurl could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by a flaw in the curl_easy_duphandle function if a transfer has cookies enabled when the handle is duplicated. By sending a specially crafted request, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to insert cookies at will into a running program.
CVSS Base score: 3.7
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/268046 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:CVE-2023-38545
**DESCRIPTION:**libcurl and cURL are vulnerable to a heap-based buffer overflow, caused by the improper handling of hostnames longer than 255 bytes during a slow SOCKS5 proxy handshake. By sending an overly long argument, a remote attacker could overflow a buffer and execute arbitrary code on the system.
CVSS Base score: 8.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/268045 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

Affected Products and Versions

Affected Product(s) Version(s)
AIX 7.3.1
AIX 7.3.2

The following fileset levels are vulnerable:

Fileset Lower Level Upper Level
oss.lib.libcurl 7.79.1.0 7.79.1.0
oss.lib.libcurl 8.1.2.0 8.1.2.0

Note: This bulletin does not apply to versions of curl installed from the AIX Toolbox.

To find out whether the affected filesets are installed on your systems, refer to the lslpp command found in AIX user’s guide.

Example: lslpp -L | grep -i oss.lib.libcurl

Remediation/Fixes

A. FIXES

IBM strongly recommends addressing the vulnerability now.

AIX fixes are available. The fixes are cumulative and address previously issued AIX cURL libcurl security bulletins:

<https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory2.asc&gt;

<https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/7008409&gt;

<https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory.asc&gt;

<https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/6998763&gt;

The AIX fixes can be downloaded via https from:

<https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_fix3.tar&gt;

The link above is to a tar file containing this signed advisory, fix packages, and OpenSSL signatures for each package. The fixes below include prerequisite checking. This will enforce the correct mapping between the fixes and AIX Technology Levels.

AIX Level Interim Fix
7.3.1 curl7791mb.231120.epkg.Z
7.3.2 curl812sa.231120.epkg.Z

Please reference the Affected Products and Version section above for help with checking installed fileset levels.

To extract the fixes from the tar file:

tar xvf curl_fix3.tar

cd curl_fix3

Verify you have retrieved the fixes intact:

The checksums below were generated using the β€œopenssl dgst -sha256 [filename]” command as the following:

openssl dgst -sha256 filename
63d0b5f86509df57056e5a608fd06903ce9b052f437f1c68bc8ba3318982673d curl7791mb.231120.epkg.Z
b8bc00e57b7fa1f49bc7023371e7f9d1f18a6f8ac688927a47039f0c27cc7f5c curl812sa.231120.epkg.Z

These sums should match exactly. The OpenSSL signatures in the tar file and on this advisory can also be used to verify the integrity of the fixes. If the sums or signatures cannot be confirmed, contact IBM Support at <http://ibm.com/support/&gt; and describe the discrepancy.

openssl dgst -sha256 -verify [pubkey_file] -signature [advisory_file].sig [advisory_file]

openssl dgst -sha256 -verify [pubkey_file] -signature [ifix_file].sig [ifix_file]

Published advisory OpenSSL signature file location:

<https://aix.software.ibm.com/aix/efixes/security/curl_advisory3.asc.sig&gt;

B. FIX AND INTERIM FIX INSTALLATION

If possible, it is recommended that a mksysb backup of the system be created. Verify it is both bootable and readable before proceeding.

To preview a fix installation:

installp -a -d fix_name -p all # where fix_name is the name of the

fix package being previewed.

To install a fix package:

installp -a -d fix_name -X all # where fix_name is the name of the

fix package being installed.

Interim fixes have had limited functional and regression testing but not the full regression testing that takes place for Service Packs; however, IBM does fully support them.

To preview an interim fix installation:

emgr -e ipkg_name -p # where ipkg_name is the name of the

interim fix package being previewed.

To install an interim fix package:

emgr -e ipkg_name -X # where ipkg_name is the name of the

interim fix package being installed.

Workarounds and Mitigations

None

Affected configurations

Vulners
Node
ibmaixMatch7.3
CPENameOperatorVersion
aixeq7.3

9.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8.6 High

AI Score

Confidence

Low

0.003 Low

EPSS

Percentile

70.8%