Apple has rolled out 173 patches across in various products across its hardware portfolio, including for dangerous bugs in macOS for laptops and desktops, iPhone, Apple TV and Apple Watch.
The update also includes a patch for the side-channel vulnerabilities in Intel chips disclosed on Tuesday, which open the door to the attack vectors collectively dubbed “ZombieLoad.”
All Mac laptops stretching back to 2011 are affected by the Intel flaws.
Of particular note in the massive update is a patch for four side-channel bugs that affect the microcode of macOS Mojave 10.14.4 (CVE-2018-12126, CVE-2018-12127, CVE-2018-12130 and CVE-2019-11091).
These impact load ports, fill buffers, and store buffers in systems with microprocessors utilizing speculative execution. They stem from side-channel vulnerabilities, dubbed Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS), impacting all modern Intel chips. Attackers could use speculative execution to potentially leak sensitive data from a system’s CPU.
“An attacker with local user access to potentially enable information disclosure via a side channel,” according to the Apple advisory. “Multiple information-disclosure issues were addressed partially by updating the microcode and changing the OS scheduler to isolate the system from web content running in the browser.”
The four different attack vectors are dubbed ZombieLoad, Fallout, RIDL (Rogue In-Flight Data Load) and Store-to-Leak Forwarding, and have been detailed and publicly disclosed on Tuesday by an array of security researchers.
To completely address these issues, there are additional opt-in mitigations to disable hyper threading and enable microcode-based mitigations for all processes by default.
Apple has also rolled out a cornucopia of patches for iPhone 5s and later, the iPad Air and later, and the sixth-generation iPod touch.
The most severe are bugs that are also present in the Apple Watch. These include flaws in the kernel (CVE-2019-8605) that would allow a malicious application to execute arbitrary code with system privileges on a target device. It’s a use-after-free issue that was addressed with improved memory management.
Another shared flaw with Apple Watch is a use-after-free issue in the Mail Message Framework (CVE-2019-8613), which would allow a remote attacker to cause arbitrary code execution. And in MobileLockdown, a malicious application may be able to gain root privileges thanks to an input validation issue (CVE-2019-8637).
Yet another flaw shared with Apple Watch (CVE-2019-8620) would allow a device to be passively tracked by its Wi-Fi MAC address.
Aside from these, also interesting is a Lock Screen logic problem (CVE-2019-8599) that would allow a person with physical access to an iOS device to see the email address used for iTunes.
An input validation bug (CVE-2019-8626) in the Mail function meanwhile could lead to denial of service. An attacker could exploit this by sending the target victim a maliciously crafted mail message.
Other patches address vulnerabilities that could be exploited to achieve everything from privilege escalation and escaping sandboxes to overwriting files and information disclosure.
Apple also patched multiple flaws in the operating systems that power its Macbooks and desktops: macOS Sierra 10.12.6, macOS High Sierra 10.13.6 and macOS Mojave 10.14.5 are vulnerable. All of the bugs are in WebKit, and they can all be exploited via processing maliciously crafted web content.
One flaw is an out-of-bounds read vulnerability (CVE-2019-8607); and there are also 20 different memory-corruption issues that may lead to arbitrary code-execution. Apple didn’t provide further details.
The Apple TV 4K and Apple TV HD platforms meanwhile are riddled with vulnerabilities; 35 of them in all.
Most of them are memory corruption issues (a total of 20) that could allow arbitrary code-execution via maliciously crafted web content.
Another two memory bugs (in AppleFileConduit, CVE-2019-8593 and in sysdiagnose, CVE-2019-8574) could allow an application to execute arbitrary code with system privileges.
Three bugs were patched in the kernel: A use-after-free issue (CVE-2019-8605) that could lead to arbitrary code-execution with system privileges; an out-of-bounds read (CVE-2019-8576) that could allow a local user to cause unexpected system termination or read kernel memory; and a type confusion issue (CVE-2019-8591) that could allow an application to cause unexpected system termination or write kernel memory.
Also notable is an out-of-bounds read that could lead to arbitrary code execution in CoreAudio (CVE-2019-8585); and in MobileLockdown, a malicious application may be able to gain root privileges thanks to an input validation issue (CVE-2019-8637).
Apple Watch Series 1 and later has a slew of issues, many shared with non-updated versions of iOS.
The most severe of the bunch include a memory corruption issue CVE-2019-8593 in the AppleFileConduit component that could allow an application to execute arbitrary code with system privileges; and an out-of-bounds read bug (CVE-2019-8585) in CoreAudio allowing a maliciously crafted movie file to lead to arbitrary code execution.
There are also three vulnerabilities in the kernel: A use-after-free issue (CVE-2019-8605) that would allow a malicious application to execute arbitrary code with system privileges (also fixed in iOS); an out-of-bounds read (CVE-2019-8576) that would allow a local user to cause unexpected system termination or read the kernel memory; and a type confusion issue (CVE-2019-8591) that would allow a malicious application to cause unexpected system termination or write kernel memory.
Watch also suffers from the same use-after-free bug in the Mail Message Framework (CVE-2019-8613) that allows remote code-execution; this is also fixed in the iOS update.
And, also fixed is the user-privacy issue present in iOS (CVE-2019-8620) that would allow a device to be passively tracked by its Wi-Fi MAC address.
And finally, the third-generation Apple TV has three vulnerabilities, existing in both the Bluetooth and Wi-Fi functions.
An input validation issue in Bluetooth (CVE-2017-14315) could allow a remote attacker to cause an unexpected application termination or arbitrary code execution. And as for Wi-Fi, an attacker within range may be able to execute arbitrary code on the Wi-Fi chip via a memory corruption problem (CVE-2017-9417), or via a stack buffer overflow (CVE-2017-6975)
Apple also fixed 50 additional vulnerabilities in macOS Mojave 10.14.5; Security Update 2019-003 High Sierra; Security Update 2019-003 Sierra; macOS Sierra 10.12.6; macOS High Sierra 10.13.6; and macOS Mojave 10.14.4.
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