i have just installed an adsl modem sold under the brand of Zoom X3
and was apalled to find that an nmap scan of the external address immediately came up with the following:
PORT STATE SERVICE 23/tcp open telnet 80/tcp open http 254/tcp open unknown 255/tcp open unknown
ports 23 and 80 give access to the configuration menu and html interface as would be expected, but, although you can control access to the html interface, there is no control over the telnet port other than password.
worse still, telnetting to port 254 gives you access to another menu, which identifies itself as "ATU-R ACCESS RUNNER ADSL TERMINAL (Annex A) 3.27", and uses the DEFAULT HTML management password, even if you have changed it to something else. i.e. changing the HTML password does not change this one. from this menu you can change DSL settings and issue a complete "Factory Reset". there is a menu option to change the password, but this does not appear to work.
port 255 accepts connections, but I have not investigated further.
at the minimum this carries a risk of a trivial DOS attack (factory reset and everthing stops working), and may actually have other more serious implications.
i am disgusted that in this day and age products like this are still being shipped with such basic insecurities, and, accordingly, will not be wasting my time by looking into it any further, and will be taking the router back and exchanging it for something (hopefully) better thought out.
to their credit, Zoom responded immediately with a workaround when i reported the problem, so they are clearly already aware. fyi, the workaround is to create dummy "Virtual Servers" on each of the ports that blackhole any incoming connections. this appears to work.
connexant list several other high profile retail modem manufacturers and pc oems, so i leave it as an exercise for the reader to work out other manufacturer/vulnerability combinations.
enjoy, Adam -- Adam Laurie Tel: +44 (20) 8742 0755 A.L. Digital Ltd. Fax: +44 (20) 8742 5995 The Stores http://www.thebunker.net 2 Bath Road http://www.aldigital.co.uk London W4 1LT mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org UNITED KINGDOM PGP key on keyservers
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