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e-matters GmbH www.e-matters.de -= Security Advisory =- Advisory: phpMyFAQ local file inclusion vulnerability
Release Date: 2004/05/18 Last Modified: 2004/05/18 Author: Stefan Esser [email@example.com]
Application: phpMyFAQ stable release <= 1.3.12 phpMyFAQ developer release <= 1.4.0-alpha1 Severity: A vulnerability within phpMyFAQ allows inclusion of arbitrary local files Risk: Medium Vendor Status: Vendor has released a bugfixed version. Reference: http://security.e-matters.de/advisories/052004.html
Quote from: http://www.phpmyfaq.de
"phpMyFAQ is a multilingual, completely database-driven FAQ-system. For the time being a MySQL database (support for other databases is under development) is used to store all data, PHP 4.1.0 (or higher) is needed in order to access this data. phpMyFAQ also offers a Content Management- System, flexible multi-user support, a news-system, user-tracking, language modules, templates, extensive XML-support, PDF-support, a backup-system and an easy to use installation script."
Within phpMyFAQ an input validation problem exists which allows an attacker to include arbitrary local files. With known tricks to inject PHP code into log or session files this could lead to remote PHP code execution.
While doing a fast audit of phpMyFAQ 1.3.12 and phpMyFAQ 1.4.0-alpha1 in both versions two different input validation problems were discovered. Affected is in both cases index.php but in different places.
phpMyFAQ 1.3.12 constructs a template filename with userinput from the $action variable. It prefixes some directory name and adds an extension. This means it is not possible to include arbitrary remote files, but it is possible to use relative paths combines with '\0' string cut attacks to view any file on the system which is accessible and under some circumstances this could result in arbitrary PHP code execution if the attacker is able to inject PHP code into known files.
phpMyFAQ 1.4.0-alpha1 fails to validate that a supplied language code is valid. When construction a language include filename the user supplied $lang variable is used without sanity checks. Similar to the previous issue this allows to view any file on the system. Exploiting this flaw is possible because realpath supports paths like "dir/file.ext/../../.."
Proof of Concept:
e-matters is not going to release an exploit for this vulnerability to the public.
To protect your server against similar problems with include and require statements and remote files or '\0' cut attacks I recommened you have a look at http://www.hardened-php.net which catches remote file includes and '\0' attacks before they could cause damage.
Please notice that e-matters advisories will be signed from now with this NEW key
pub 1024D/3004C4BC 2004-05-17 e-matters GmbH - Securityteam Key fingerprint = 3FFB 7C86 7BE8 6981 D1DA A71A 6F7D 572D 3004 C4BC
Copyright 2004 Stefan Esser. All rights reserved.
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Stefan Esser firstname.lastname@example.org e-matters Security http://security.e-matters.de/
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