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[waraxe-2004-SA#011 - Multiple vulnerabilities in MS Analysis v2.0 module for PhpNuke]

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{================================================================================} { [waraxe-2004-SA#011] } {================================================================================} { } { [ Multiple vulnerabilities in MS Analysis v2.0 module for PhpNuke ] } { } {================================================================================} Author: Janek Vind "waraxe" Date: 22. March 2004 Location: Estonia, Tartu Affected software description: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ >From copyright.php: MS Analysis module for PHP-Nuke Module's Name: MS Analysis Module's Version: v2.0 - No Options Module's Description: This script analyses all incoming 'traffic' and stores all properties of a member/visitor. It is in fact an extended version of PHP-Nuke Statistics. License: GNU/GPL Author's Name: Maty Scripts Author's user_email: webmaster@matyscripts.com Homepage: http://www.matyscripts.com/ Vulnerabilities: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1. Full path disclosure All the files in "scripts" directory, for example: http://localhost/nuke70/modules/MS_Analysis/scripts/browsers.php and we get standard error message, revealing full path: Fatal error: Call to undefined function: is_admin() in D:\apache_wwwroot\nuke70\modules\MS_Analysis\scripts\browsers.php on line 3 Other php files are directly callable too, for example: http://localhost/nuke70/modules/MS_Analysis/mstrack.php http://localhost/nuke70/modules/MS_Analysis/title.php and we can see the full path in standard php error messages. 2. Cross-Site Scripting aka XSS There are many possible XSS bugs, including: http://localhost/nuke70/modules.php?name=MS_Analysis&file=index&op=MSAnalysisGeneral&screen=>[xss code here]&overview=1&sortby= http://localhost/nuke70/modules/MS_Analysis/title.php?module_name=>[xss code here] http://localhost/nuke70/modules.php?name=MS_Analysis&file=index&op=MSAnalysisGeneral&screen=3&overview=1&sortby=>[xss code here] http://localhost/nuke70/modules.php?name=MS_Analysis&file=index&op=MSAnalysisGeneral&screen=13&overview=>[xss code here]&sortby= 3. sql injection in search words analyzing code ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Let's look at original code, function MSAGetSearchWords() from class.dynamicadd.php: ... function MSAGetSearchWords( $sestring, $onlyhost, $search_store ) { global $MSSearchEngines; $searchwords = ""; foreach( $MSSearchEngines as $key=>$value ) { if( eregi( $key, $onlyhost ) ) { $asestring = explode( "&", $sestring ); for( $j = 0; $j < sizeof( $asestring ); $j++ ) { $asestring[ $j ] = ereg_replace ('amp;', '', trim( $asestring[ $j ] ) ); $fquery = explode( "=" , $asestring[ $j ] ); if( $fquery[ 0 ] == $value ) { $searchwords = trim(strtolower(urldecode( $fquery[ 1 ] ) ) ); $searchwords = str_replace( "\"", "", $searchwords ); if( $search_store ) $searchwords = str_replace( "+", " ", $searchwords ); break; } } // END sizeof( $asestring ) } // END eregi } return( $searchwords ); } // END Function } ... So, this code uses the php function "urldecode()": $searchwords = trim(strtolower(urldecode( $fquery[ 1 ] ) ) ); Hmm, what if we deliver here "%27"? In such way we can get single quote and bypass the "magic quotes". Let's look, how "$searchwords" will be processed further: ... if( $this->IsSearchEngine( $MSAreferral ) == 1 ) { $searchwords = $this->MSAGetSearchWords( $MSArefstr, $MSAreferral, $search_store ); if( $searchwords != "" ) { if( $search_store ) { $searchwords = explode( " ", $searchwords ); for( $i = 0; $i < sizeof( $searchwords ); $i++ ) { $sw = trim( $searchwords[ $i ] ); if( $sw != "" ) { $result = $db->sql_query( "select words from $prefix"._msanalysis_search." where words = '$sw'" ); if( $db->sql_numrows( $result ) == 0 ) { $db->sql_query( "insert into $prefix"._msanalysis_search." ( words, hits, today, hitstoday, xdays, hitsxdays ) values ( '$sw', '1', '$MSAslogdate', '1', '$xdate', '1' )" ); } else { $db->sql_query( "update $prefix"._msanalysis_search." set hits=hits+1, today='$MSAslogdate', hitstoday=hitstoday+1, hitsxdays=hitsxdays+1 where words = '$sw'" ); } $db->sql_freeresult( $result ); } } } else { ... Yeah, i can't see "addslashes()" anywhere! So sql injection is possible!! How to exploit this security flaw in practice? First, we must use the "refferer" field in http request, so using of the perl script is needed (of course, php or any other language can be used too). Second, as we don't have any visual feedback here, we must use "blind method" through UNION keyword. Example of that method can be found in "[waraxe-2004-SA#003] - SQL injection in Php-Nuke 7.1.0". And here is the typical "referer" field from attacker's http request: "http://www.google.com/search?q=Maty+Scripts%27UNION SELECT pwd from nuke_authors where name%3d%27God%27 AND IF(mid(pwd,1,1)%3d3,benchmark(150000,md5(1337)),1)/*" Anyone with some knowledge of the php, sql and perl can write exploit script with ease, so i don't give the full source code of the exploit here ;) Greetings: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Greets to torufoorum staff and to all IT security related people in Estonia! Tervitused! Special greets to ulljobu! Contact: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ come2waraxe@yahoo.com Janek Vind "waraxe" ---------------------------------- [ EOF ] ------------------------------------