NSFOCUS SA2003-05: Microsoft IIS ssinc.dll Over-long Filename Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

2003-05-30T00:00:00
ID SECURITYVULNS:DOC:4620
Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2003-05-30T00:00:00

Description

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NSFOCUS Security Advisory(SA2003-05)

Topic: Microsoft IIS ssinc.dll Over-long Filename Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

Release Date: 2003-5-30

CVE CAN ID: CAN-2003-0224

Affected system:

    • Microsoft IIS 5.0

Unaffected system:

    • Microsoft IIS 4.0
    • Microsoft IIS 5.1

Summary:

NSFOCUS Security Team has found a buffer overflow vulnerability in the way a dynamic linking library (ssinc.dll)that is shipped with Microsoft IIS 4.0/5.0 handles the files it contains. Exploiting the vulnerability local attackers could gain local system privilege.

Description:

Microsoft IIS supports SSI(Server Side Include) functionality. ssinc.dll is a SSI interpreter. By default extended name .stm,.shtm and .shtml will be mapped to interpreter(ssinc.dll).

SSI supports "#include" command. Typically it is used as the following:

<!--#include file="filename"-->

When handling "#include" command ssinc.dll will first attempt to gain the physical path of the shtml file, so it will copy the URI request to a buffer the size of which is fixed. For example, when requesting the following shtml file: http://iishost/abc/test.shtml

It will copy "/abc/test.shtml" to a buffer the size of which is fixed. Because the length of the shtml filename has not been checked during the copying, it causes a stack buffer overflow.

NSFocus Security Team has found a similar problem. See http://www.nsfocus.net/index.php?act=advisory&do=view&adv_id=17 The corresponding Microsoft Security Bulletin is: http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms01-044.asp

This vulnerability occurred before that one.

IIS has checked the over-long shtml filename to avoid buffer overflow, while its method is to shorten the filename to legal length, then attempt to open it. After that ssinc.dll will still use the original URI to finish the copy. Therefore, by creating a WEB file with special length local attackers could bypass the check, then request a shtml file with an over-long filename to cause a buffer overflow, which would cause IIS cease to respond. By carefully crafting the overflow data attackers could run arbitrary code with Local System privilege.

Two conditions are required to carry out the attack:

  1. Attackers need to have the privilege to create files on web directory.
  2. Attackers need to be able to access the created files via web service.

Workaround:

  1. Disable untrusted users' writing privilege to web directory.
  2. If SSI functionality is not required, remove .shtml, .shtm, .stm mapping.
  3. Install IIS Lockdown tools provided by Microsoft: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=dde9efc0-bb30- 47eb-9a61-fd755d23cdec&displaylang=en

Vendor Status:

2002.11.05 Inform vendor about the issue 2003.05.28 Microsoft has issued a Security Bulletin(MS03-018) and the related patch.

Detailed Microsoft Security Bulletin is available at:

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms03-018.asp

Patches are available at:

http://microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=2F5D9852-4ADD-44F8-8715-AC3D7D7D94BF

Additional Information:

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CAN-2003-0224 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for security problems. Candidates may change significantly before they become official CVE entries.

Credit:

This vulnerability was discovered by Ren Guang Yuan of NSFOCUS Security Team.

DISCLAIMS:

THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IS RELEASED BY NSFOCUS "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. NSFOCUS DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, EXCEPT FOR THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY. IN NO EVENT SHALL NSFOCUS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF NSFOCUS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. DISTRIBUTION OR REPRODUCTION OF THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED THAT THE ADVISORY IS NOT MODIFIED IN ANY WAY.

Copyright 1999-2003 NSFOCUS. All Rights Reserved. Terms of use.

NSFOCUS Security Team <security@nsfocus.com> NSFOCUS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD (http://www.nsfocus.com)

PGP Key: http://www.nsfocus.com/homepage/research/pgpkey.asc Key fingerprint = F8F2 F5D1 EF74 E08C 02FE 1B90 D7BF 7877 C6A6 F6DA -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: GnuPG v1.0.7 (GNU/Linux)

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