Barracuda CudaTel 2.6.02.040 - Client Side Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability
BARRACUDA NETWORK SECURITY ID: BNSEC-807
Designed to enable seamless voice and video communication, the CudaTel Communication Server is an easy-to-use, affordable, next-generation phone system for businesses. CudaTel Communication Server s enterprise-class feature set includes Voice over IP (VoIP) PBX services, conferencing, follow-me, automated attendant services, and more, controlled by an easy-to-use Web interface. CudaTel Communication Server is compatible with any SIP device and provider, and can be pre-configured for use with both analog and digital telephone networks. Powerful, Complete Solution With an expansive feature set and and no per user or phone licensing fees, the CudaTel Communication Server is equipped and priced for organizations of any size. Native High Definition audio support and integrated phone line (TDM) hardware produces an unparalleled audio experience. VOIP encryption protects calls from hackers and digital eavesdroppers.
(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://www.barracudanetworks.ca/cudatel.aspx )
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a client side web vulnerability in Barracuda Networks CudaTel v2.6.002.040 appliance application.
2012-11-26: Researcher Notification & Coordination 2012-11-27: Vendor Notification 2012-12-01: Vendor Response/Feedback 2013-04-03: Vendor Fix/Patch 2012-07-15: Public Disclosure
Barracuda Networks Product: CudaTel - Communication Server 2.6.002.040
A client side input validation vulnerability is detected in Barracuda Networks CudaTel v2.6.002.040 appliance application. The non-persistent vulnerability allows remote attackers to manipulate website links to provoke malicious client side (application-side) requests.
The secound vulnerability (client side) is located in the `error:Internal Error` exception handling. When remote attackers provoke to load an invalid request the exception-handling will display the earlier inserted bbx_hostname (malicious) web context (exp. script codes). The attacker can use the vulnerable bbx_backup_site_host parameter of the test connection listing module to provoke an evil application exception-handling request.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in client side phishing, client side session hijacking and client side external redirects to malware or evil websites. Exploitation of the vulnerability requires medium application user interaction.
Vulnerable Section(s): [+] Test - Connection
Vulnerable Module(s): [+] Exception-handling [Internal Error] - Listing
Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] bbx_backup_site_host
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low or medium required user interaction and without privileged application user account. For demonstration or reproduce ...
Review: Exception-handling [Internal Error] - Listing [bbx_backup_site_host]
<pre>--- error: "Internal error.\n[backup] Can't connect to >\"<iframe src="test3-Dateien/a.htm" href="http://vuln-lab.com/?content-type=text/html">http://vuln-lab.com</a>>" </pre></body></html></iframe></pre>
PoC: http://cudatel.ptest.cudasvc.com/gui/backup/test ?_=1353975862209&bbx_backup_site_id=2&bbx_backup_site_type=ftp &bbx_backup_site_host=%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src=http://vulnerability-lab.com%3E&bbx_backup_site_port=8&bbx_backup_site_user=BENJAMINKM &bbx_backup_site_path=%2F+%26+echo+%3E+%2Fdata%2Fsounds%2Fmusic%2F8%2F2a10577f-6764-4368-8571-44d42e4695ff
The vulnerability can be patched by parsing the vulnerable bbx_backup_site_host parameter request. Parse the internal error exception-handling when processing to display the error string of the requested parameter. (error context)
2013-04-03: Vendor Fix/Patch
Note: Barracuda Networks provided a download in the customer section but also automatic update to patch the issue in the appliance series.
The security risk of the client side input validation vulnerability is estimated as medium(-) because of the main location in the exception-handling.
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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