Sourcefire 3D Sensor and Defense Center 4.8.x
Tested on 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199, 3D Sensor 2500 & DC 1000 All 4.8.x releases, up to and including 4.8.1, confirmed vulnerable by sourcefire.
A privilege escalation vulnerability found in the Sensor and the DC web based management interfaces allows any local account to take over the appliances administrator role. While the "user.cgi" PERL script correctly validates that incoming requests belong to an authenticated session, in such a case it also blindly grants read/write access to all accounts configuration with no regard for the role of the request's originator. Therefore a user with even the lowest level of access (ie. without any role configured) is able to promote himself as administrator and/or change others roles and account parameters at will. Depending of the role or roles initially configured for this user, access to the user management page may not be visible into the interface's layout however the underlying script itself is still reachable and can be invoked "by hand".
Let's now consider a malicious operator named 'foobar' whose role has been restricted to "Event analyst (read only)". He would first log in to the appliance using his own credentials in order to get an authenticated session cookie (CGISESSID=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) then he could send a forged POST request similar to the one below:
POST https://x.x.x.x/admin/user/user.cgi HTTP/1.1 User-Agent: xxxxxx Keep-Alive: 300 Connection: Keep-alive Cookie: CGISESSID=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-length: 56
He would thereafter be promoted to administrator by the appliance with full access into the management interface.
As a final note, several other scripts were reported being affected by the same vulnerability after investigation from the vendor.
Upgrade your appliance's software to 4.8.2 available from the Sourcefire's support website located at https://support.sourcefire.com/
2009-05-05: Vulnerability discovered and reported to Sourcefire. 2009-06-30: 4.8.2 released by Sourcefire. 2009-07-01: Public disclosure.