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Multiple Flaws in Axesstel MV 410R

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Multiple Flaws in Axesstel MV 410R by Filip Palian <filip (dot) palian (at) pjwstk (dot) edu (dot) pl Description: Axesstel MV 410R is a device offered by the two leading polish telecom operators Orange and Polish Telecom to provide broadband Internet in CDMA technology and it's already widely in use. Overview: Axesstel MV 410R firmware and its default configuration has many flaws, which allows remote unauthorized access to device and the internal network behind it. #1 Access from the Internet to device enabled by default Anyone is able to automatically detect devices, which are online and conduct the attack. It's simplified even more as the oparator IP address space is reserved for the services using this device. #2 No HTTPS support for the web interface Communication to the web interface can be sniffed by the attacker. #3 System doesn't force administrator to change default password upon first login Many administrators leave it unchanged. #4 Brute-force attack on admin account Login attempts are not limited at all. #5 Denial of Service It's trivial to conduct a successful SYN flood attack from WAN and LAN. #6 Wi-Fi encryption is disabled by default Communication in the LAN can be sniffed by the attacker. #7 SSID broadcast is enabled by default Anyone can connect to the LAN without any problems. #8 Input data validation Validation in the web interface is realised by the JavaScript. Disabling it in the browser allows for inputing malicious content. #9 Executing CGI scripts via GET method It is possible to pass parameters directly to the CGI scripts via GET method. It bypasses JavaScript validation and simplifies the attack. For example execution of "http://192.168.0.1/cgi-bin/sysconf.cgi?RESTORE=RESTORE" (user confirmation not needed) will reset device to default configuration. #10 Permanent XSS It's possible to plant permanent XSS in the web interface using "http://192.168.0.1/cgi-bin/sysconf.cgi" script. #11 Automatic redirection Some scripts do the automatic redirection after execution. This feature may be used to hide for example a CSRF attack. evilsite.com leads to "http://192.168.0.1/cgi-bin/wireless.cgi" where script is executed and it autoredirects back to evilsite.com. Status: At the moment no fixes were provided by the vendor. As a workaround administrator should: #1 restrict access to device only from LAN #2 change the default administrator password (still can be sniffed in LAN) #3 enable Wi-Fi encryption #4 turn on clients MAC addresses filtering #5 turn off SSID broadcasting Disclousure timeline: 11 V 2009: Detailed information with examples and PoCs sent to vendor (cert@telekomunikacja.pl). 12 V 2009: Initial vendor response. 19 V 2009: Question about the status sent to the vendor. 19 V 2009: No reasonable response from the vendor. 9 VI 2009: Question about the status sent to the vendor. No response. 16 VI 2009: Notification that bulletin will be released send to the vendor. 17 VI 2009: No reasonable response from the vendor. 19 VI 2009: Last notification that bulletin will be released send to the vendor. No response. 23 VI 2009: Last notification that bulletin will be released send to the vendor. No response: "<cert@telekomunikacja.pl>: host mailin.tpsa.pl[212.160.172.68] said: 451 Unable to contact LDAP". 25 VI 2009: Last and final notification that bulletin will be released send to the vendor. No response. 02 VII 2009: Security bulletin released. Response: ? Rationale: The vendor hasn't responded neither responsibly nor reasonably within 34 working days. The bulletin was released in hope that users will be able to protect themselves against these serious threats before vendor will realese fixes and before the bad guys will reach them first. Links: * http://orange.pl/ * http://tp.pl/ * http://www.axesstel.com/ Best regards, Filip Palian