Apache Struts 2 ParametersInterceptor OGNL Command Injection

ID SAINT:0CCA475F6630BE4984AD5BCD73F36787
Type saint
Reporter SAINT Corporation
Modified 2012-03-26T00:00:00


Added: 03/26/2012
CVE: CVE-2011-3923
BID: 51628
OSVDB: 78109


Apache Struts is an open-source web application framework for developing Java EE web applications. It uses and extends the Java Servlet API to encourage developers to adopt a model-view-controller (MVC) architecture.


Struts uses Object-Graph Navigation Language (OGNL) to provide extensive expression evaluation capabilities. Struts 2 versions prior to allow OGNL expressions to be evaluated via parentheses. The ParametersInterceptor class is responsible for passing user-supplied parameters to the application stack. Because ParametersInterceptor does not filter parentheses, it is possible for a user to supply OGNL expressions inside Parentheses, which could result in the execution of arbitrary system commands.


Upgrade to Struts or later.




This exploit has been tested against Apache Software Foundation Struts on Windows Server 2003 SP2 English (DEP OptOut) and Windows Server 2008 SP2 (DEP OptOut).

The executable smbclient must be available on the exploit server, and a valid SMB user with permission to write to the SMB share is required. The smb password is not allowed to contain single quotes (').