QRadar Community Edition 7.3.1.6 PHP Object Injection

2020-04-21T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:157336
Type packetstorm
Reporter Yorick Koster
Modified 2020-04-21T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `------------------------------------------------------------------------  
PHP object injection vulnerability in QRadar Forensics web application  
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Yorick Koster, September 2019  
  
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Abstract  
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A PHP object injection vulnerability was found in the QRadar Forensics  
web application. The vulnerability can be triggered via a specially  
crafted cookie and can be used by an authenticated attacker to execute  
arbitrary commands. The commands will be executed with the privileges of  
the Apache system user.  
  
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See also  
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CVE-2020-4271 [2]  
6189651 [3] - IBM QRadar SIEM is vulnerable to PHP object injection  
(CVE-2020-4271)  
  
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Tested versions  
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This issue was successfully verified on QRadar Community Edition [4]  
version 7.3.1.6 (7.3.1 Build 20180723171558).  
  
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Fix  
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IBM has released the following versions of QRader in which this issue  
has been resolved:  
  
- QRadar / QRM / QVM / QNI 7.4.0 GA [5] (SFS)  
- QRadar / QRM / QVM / QRIF / QNI 7.3.3 Patch 3 [6] (SFS)  
- QRadar / QRM / QVM / QRIF / QNI 7.3.2 Patch 7 [7] (SFS)  
- QRadar Incident Forensics 7.4.0 [8] (ISO)  
- QRadar Incident Forensics 7.4.0 [9] (SFS)  
  
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Introduction  
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QRadar [10] is IBM's enterprise SIEM [11] solution. A free version of  
QRadar is available that is known as QRadar Community Edition [4]. This  
version is limited to 50 events per second and 5,000 network flows a  
minute, supports apps, but is based on a smaller footprint for  
non-enterprise use.  
  
A PHP object injection vulnerability was found in the QRadar Forensics  
web application. The vulnerability exists in the DataSetModel class and  
can be triggered via a specially crafted cookie. By exploiting this  
issue it is possible for authenticated users to instantiate arbitrary  
PHP objects. It has been confirmed that a POP chain exists that can be  
used to execute arbitrary commands. The commands will be executed with  
the privileges of the Apache system user (generally the nobody user).  
  
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Details  
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The Forensics web application contains functionally to save graph data  
in cookies. When a graph is viewed that was previously saved, the data  
will be restored from the cookie value(s). Saving and restoring data is  
done using PHP object serialization. The serialized data is compressed  
and encoded with base64 before it is returned as cookie to the user.  
Deserialization of graph cookies is done in the restore() method of the  
DataSetModel as is shown in the code fragment below.  
  
/opt/ibm/forensics/html/DejaVu/Reports/DataSetModel.php:  
public function restore($dataKeys, $dsize) {  
if ($dsize == 0)  
// No data  
return null;  
  
$cookieData = '';  
foreach ($dataKeys as $dataKey) {  
if (array_key_exists($dataKey, $_COOKIE)) {  
$cookieData .= $_COOKIE[$dataKey];  
// All done, so delete the data cookie.  
setcookie($dataKey, "", time() - 3600);  
} else {  
error_log("MISSING COOKIE '$dataKey'");  
return null;  
}  
}  
  
$sz = strlen($cookieData);  
if ($sz != $dsize) {  
error_log("ERROR: Graph data size incorrect: expected $dsize, got $sz");  
return null;  
}  
  
try {  
$dataset = unserialize(gzuncompress(base64_decode($cookieData)));  
return $dataset;  
} catch (Exception $e) {  
error_log("Error deserializing session data: " . $e->getMessage());  
$dataset = null;  
}  
return null;  
}  
  
The restore() method is called in the constructor of various chart  
classes, which all inherit from the BaseChart class. These chart classes  
are exposed in the /forensics/graphs.php page of the Forensics web  
application.  
  
/opt/ibm/forensics/html/DejaVu/Charts.php:  
abstract class BaseChart extends ParameterizedObject {  
[...]  
public function __construct($params=null) {  
[...]  
  
$dm = empty($dmodel) ? new DataSetModeler(null) : new $dmodel(null);  
if(array_key_exists('sid',$_GET))  
$dm->setSessID($_GET['sid']);  
  
$dataset = $dm->restore($dataKeys,$dsize);  
[...]  
  
It has been confirmed that this vulnerability can be used to execute  
arbitrary commands by sending a specially crafted cookie to the affected  
web page.  
  
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References  
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[1] https://www.securify.nl/advisory/SFY20200406/php-object-injection-vulnerability-in-qradar-forensics-web-application.html  
[2] https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-4271  
[3] https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/node/6189651  
[4] https://developer.ibm.com/qradar/ce/  
[5] https://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/swg/downloadFixes?parent=IBM%20Security&product=ibm/Other+software/IBM+Security+QRadar+SIEM&release=7.4.0&platform=Linux&function=fixId&fixids=7.4.0-QRADAR-QRSIEM-20200304205308&includeRequisites=1&includeSupersedes=0&downloadMethod=http  
[6] https://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/swg/downloadFixes?parent=IBM%20Security&product=ibm/Other+software/IBM+Security+QRadar+SIEM&release=7.3.0&platform=Linux&function=fixId&fixids=7.3.3-QRADAR-QRSIEM-20200409085709&includeRequisites=1&includeSupersedes=0&downloadMethod=http  
[7] https://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/swg/downloadFixes?parent=IBM%20Security&product=ibm/Other+software/IBM+Security+QRadar+SIEM&release=7.3.0&platform=Linux&function=fixId&fixids=7.3.2-QRADAR-QRSIEM-20200406171249&includeRequisites=1&includeSupersedes=0&downloadMethod=http  
[8] https://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/swg/downloadFixes?parent=IBM%20Security&product=ibm/Other+software/IBM+Security+QRadar+Incident+Forensics&release=7.4.0&platform=Linux&function=fixId&fixids=7.4.0-QRADAR-QIFFULL-2019.18.0.20200304205308&includeRequisites=1&includeSupersedes=0&downloadMethod=http  
[9] https://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/swg/downloadFixes?parent=IBM%20Security&product=ibm/Other+software/IBM+Security+QRadar+Incident+Forensics&release=7.4.0&platform=Linux&function=fixId&fixids=7.4.0-QRADAR-QIFSFS-2019.18.0.20200304205308&includeRequisites=1&includeSupersedes=0&downloadMethod=http  
[10] https://www.ibm.com/security/security-intelligence/qradar  
[11] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_information_and_event_management  
  
  
  
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