Cisco Unified Communications Manager Command Execution

2015-08-13T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:133070
Type packetstorm
Reporter Bernhard Mueller
Modified 2015-08-13T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Vantage Point Security Advisory 2015-001  
========================================  
  
Title: Cisco Unified Communications Manager Multiple Vulnerabilities  
Vendor: Cisco  
Vendor URL: http://www.cisco.com/  
Versions affected: <9.2, <10.5.2, <11.0.1.  
Severity: Low to medium  
Vendor notified: Yes  
Reported: Oct. 2014  
Public release: Aug. 13th, 2015  
Author: Bernhard Mueller <bernhard[at]vantagepoint[dot]sg>  
  
Summary:  
--------  
  
Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM) offers services such as session  
management, voice, video, messaging, mobility, and web conferencing.  
  
During the last year, Vantage Point Security has reported four security  
issues to Cisco as listed below.  
  
  
1. Shellshock command injection  
--------------------------------  
  
Authenticated users of CUCM can access limited functionality via the web  
interface and Cisco console (SSH on port 22). Because the SSH server is  
configured to process several environment variables from the client and a  
vulnerable version of bash is used, it is possible to exploit command  
injection via specially crafted environment variables (CVE-2014-6271 a.k.a.  
shellshock). This allows an attacker to spawn a shell running as the user  
"admin".  
  
  
Several environment variables can be used to exploit the issue. Example:  
  
  
$ LC_PAPER="() { x;};/bin/sh" ssh Administrator@examplecucm.com  
  
  
2. Local File Inclusion  
-----------------------  
  
The application allows users to view the contents of any locally accessible  
files on the web server through a vulnerability known as LFI (Local File  
Inclusion). LFI vulnerabilities are commonly used to download application  
source code, configuration files and files containing sensitive information  
such as passwords. Exploiting this issue requires a valid user account.  
  
  
https://cucm.example.com/:8443/reporter-servlet/GetFileContent?Location=/&FileName=/usr/local/thirdparty/jakarta-tomcat/conf/tomcat-users.xml  
  
  
3. Unauthenticated access to ping command  
-----------------------------------------  
  
The pingExecute servlet allows unauthenticated users to execute pings to  
arbitrary IP addresses. This could be used by an attacker to enumerate the  
internal network. The following URL triggers a ping of the host 10.0.0.1:  
  
https://cucm.example.com:8443/cmplatform/pingExecute?hostname=10.0.0.1&interval=1.0&packetsize=12&count=1000&secure=false  
  
  
4. Magic session ID allows unauthenticated access to SOAP calls  
---------------------------------------------------------------  
  
Authentication for some methods in the EPAS SOAP interface can be bypassed  
by using a hardcoded session ID. The methods "GetUserLoginInfoHandler" and  
"GetLoggedinXMPPUserHandler" are affected.  
  
  
Fix Information:  
----------------  
  
Upgrade to CUCM version 9.2, 10.5.2 or 11.0.1.  
  
  
References:  
-----------  
  
https://tools.cisco.com/quickview/bug/CSCus88031  
https://tools.cisco.com/quickview/bug/CSCur49414  
https://tools.cisco.com/quickview/bug/CSCum05290  
http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20140926-bash  
http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/viewAlert.x?alertId=37111  
  
  
Timeline:  
---------  
  
2014/10: Issues reported to Cisco;  
2015/07: Confirm that all issues have been fixed.  
  
  
About Vantage Point Security:  
--------------------  
  
Vantage Point is the leading provider for penetration testing and security  
advisory services in Singapore. Clients in the Financial, Banking and  
Telecommunications industries select Vantage Point Security based on  
technical competency and a proven track record to deliver significant and  
measurable improvements in their security posture.  
  
https://www.vantagepoint.sg/  
office[at]vantagepoint[dot]sg  
  
  
`