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Ubuntu Security Notice (C) 2020-2024 Canonical, Inc. / NASL script (C) 2020-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.UBUNTU_USN-4318-1.NASL
HistoryApr 07, 2020 - 12:00 a.m.

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS / 18.04 LTS : Linux kernel vulnerabilities (USN-4318-1)

2020-04-0700:00:00
Ubuntu Security Notice (C) 2020-2024 Canonical, Inc. / NASL script (C) 2020-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
66

7.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

Low

The remote Ubuntu 16.04 LTS / 18.04 LTS host has a package installed that is affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the USN-4318-1 advisory.

  • fs/namei.c in the Linux kernel before 5.5 has a may_create_in_sticky use-after-free, which allows local users to cause a denial of service (OOPS) or possibly obtain sensitive information from kernel memory, aka CID-d0cb50185ae9. One attack vector may be an open system call for a UNIX domain socket, if the socket is being moved to a new parent directory and its old parent directory is being removed. (CVE-2020-8428)

  • KVM in the Linux kernel on Power8 processors has a conflicting use of HSTATE_HOST_R1 to store r1 state in kvmppc_hv_entry plus in kvmppc_{save,restore}_tm, leading to a stack corruption. Because of this, an attacker with the ability run code in kernel space of a guest VM can cause the host kernel to panic. There were two commits that, according to the reporter, introduced the vulnerability: f024ee098476 (KVM: PPC:
    Book3S HV: Pull out TM state save/restore into separate procedures) 87a11bb6a7f7 (KVM: PPC: Book3S HV:
    Work around XER[SO] bug in fake suspend mode) The former landed in 4.8, the latter in 4.17. This was fixed without realizing the impact in 4.18 with the following three commits, though it’s believed the first is the only strictly necessary commit: 6f597c6b63b6 (KVM: PPC: Book3S PR: Add guest MSR parameter for kvmppc_save_tm()/kvmppc_restore_tm()) 7b0e827c6970 (KVM: PPC: Book3S HV: Factor fake-suspend handling out of kvmppc_save/restore_tm) 009c872a8bc4 (KVM: PPC: Book3S PR: Move kvmppc_save_tm/kvmppc_restore_tm to separate file) (CVE-2020-8834)

  • ext4_protect_reserved_inode in fs/ext4/block_validity.c in the Linux kernel through 5.5.3 allows attackers to cause a denial of service (soft lockup) via a crafted journal size. (CVE-2020-8992)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Ubuntu Security Notice USN-4318-1. The text 
# itself is copyright (C) Canonical, Inc. See 
# <http://www.ubuntu.com/usn/>. Ubuntu(R) is a registered 
# trademark of Canonical, Inc.
#

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(135269);
  script_version("1.6");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/01/09");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2020-8428", "CVE-2020-8834", "CVE-2020-8992");
  script_xref(name:"USN", value:"4318-1");

  script_name(english:"Ubuntu 16.04 LTS / 18.04 LTS : Linux kernel vulnerabilities (USN-4318-1)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Ubuntu host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Ubuntu 16.04 LTS / 18.04 LTS host has a package installed that is affected by multiple vulnerabilities as
referenced in the USN-4318-1 advisory.

  - fs/namei.c in the Linux kernel before 5.5 has a may_create_in_sticky use-after-free, which allows local
    users to cause a denial of service (OOPS) or possibly obtain sensitive information from kernel memory, aka
    CID-d0cb50185ae9. One attack vector may be an open system call for a UNIX domain socket, if the socket is
    being moved to a new parent directory and its old parent directory is being removed. (CVE-2020-8428)

  - KVM in the Linux kernel on Power8 processors has a conflicting use of HSTATE_HOST_R1 to store r1 state in
    kvmppc_hv_entry plus in kvmppc_{save,restore}_tm, leading to a stack corruption. Because of this, an
    attacker with the ability run code in kernel space of a guest VM can cause the host kernel to panic. There
    were two commits that, according to the reporter, introduced the vulnerability: f024ee098476 (KVM: PPC:
    Book3S HV: Pull out TM state save/restore into separate procedures) 87a11bb6a7f7 (KVM: PPC: Book3S HV:
    Work around XER[SO] bug in fake suspend mode) The former landed in 4.8, the latter in 4.17. This was
    fixed without realizing the impact in 4.18 with the following three commits, though it's believed the
    first is the only strictly necessary commit: 6f597c6b63b6 (KVM: PPC: Book3S PR: Add guest MSR parameter
    for kvmppc_save_tm()/kvmppc_restore_tm()) 7b0e827c6970 (KVM: PPC: Book3S HV: Factor fake-suspend
    handling out of kvmppc_save/restore_tm) 009c872a8bc4 (KVM: PPC: Book3S PR: Move
    kvmppc_save_tm/kvmppc_restore_tm to separate file) (CVE-2020-8834)

  - ext4_protect_reserved_inode in fs/ext4/block_validity.c in the Linux kernel through 5.5.3 allows attackers
    to cause a denial of service (soft lockup) via a crafted journal size. (CVE-2020-8992)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://ubuntu.com/security/notices/USN-4318-1");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected kernel package.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2020-8428");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2020/01/29");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2020/04/06");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2020/04/07");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:canonical:ubuntu_linux:linux-image-4.15.0-96-generic");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:canonical:ubuntu_linux:linux-image-4.15.0-96-generic-lpae");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:canonical:ubuntu_linux:linux-image-4.15.0-96-lowlatency");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:canonical:ubuntu_linux:16.04:-:lts");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:canonical:ubuntu_linux:18.04:-:lts");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Ubuntu Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"Ubuntu Security Notice (C) 2020-2024 Canonical, Inc. / NASL script (C) 2020-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl", "linux_alt_patch_detect.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/cpu", "Host/Ubuntu", "Host/Ubuntu/release", "Host/Debian/dpkg-l");

  exit(0);
}

include('debian_package.inc');
include('ksplice.inc');

if ( ! get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled') ) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
var os_release = get_kb_item('Host/Ubuntu/release');
if ( isnull(os_release) ) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Ubuntu');
os_release = chomp(os_release);
if (! ('16.04' >< os_release || '18.04' >< os_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04', 'Ubuntu ' + os_release);
if ( ! get_kb_item('Host/Debian/dpkg-l') ) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 's390' >!< cpu && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Ubuntu', cpu);

var kernel_mappings = {
  '16.04': {
    '4.15.0': {
      'generic': '4.15.0-96',
      'generic-lpae': '4.15.0-96',
      'lowlatency': '4.15.0-96'
    }
  },
  '18.04': {
    '4.15.0': {
      'generic': '4.15.0-96',
      'generic-lpae': '4.15.0-96',
      'lowlatency': '4.15.0-96'
    }
  }
};

var host_kernel_release = get_kb_item('Host/uptrack-uname-r');
if (empty_or_null(host_kernel_release)) host_kernel_release = get_kb_item_or_exit('Host/uname-r');
var host_kernel_base_version = get_kb_item_or_exit('Host/Debian/kernel-base-version');
var host_kernel_type = get_kb_item_or_exit('Host/Debian/kernel-type');
if(empty_or_null(kernel_mappings[os_release][host_kernel_base_version][host_kernel_type])) audit(AUDIT_INST_VER_NOT_VULN, 'kernel ' + host_kernel_release);

var extra = '';
var kernel_fixed_version = kernel_mappings[os_release][host_kernel_base_version][host_kernel_type] + "-" + host_kernel_type;
if (deb_ver_cmp(ver1:host_kernel_release, ver2:kernel_fixed_version) < 0)
{
  extra = extra + 'Running Kernel level of ' + host_kernel_release + ' does not meet the minimum fixed level of ' + kernel_fixed_version + ' for this advisory.\n\n';
}
  else
{
  audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, 'Kernel package for USN-4318-1');
}

if (get_one_kb_item('Host/ksplice/kernel-cves'))
{
  var cve_list = make_list('CVE-2020-8428', 'CVE-2020-8834', 'CVE-2020-8992');
  if (ksplice_cves_check(cve_list))
  {
    audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, 'KSplice hotfix for USN-4318-1');
  }
  else
  {
    extra = extra + ksplice_reporting_text();
  }
}
if (extra) {
  security_report_v4(
    port       : 0,
    severity   : SECURITY_NOTE,
    extra      : extra
  );
  exit(0);
}
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7.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

Low

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