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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2021-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.SMB_NT_MS21_NOV_EXCEL_C2R.NASL
HistoryJun 01, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Security Updates for Microsoft Excel Products C2R (November 2021)

2022-06-0100:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
72

6.8 Medium

CVSS2

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

REQUIRED

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8.3 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.034 Low

EPSS

Percentile

91.5%

The Microsoft Excel Products are missing security updates.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities:

  • A security feature bypass vulnerability exists. An attacker can exploit this and bypass the security feature and perform unauthorized actions compromising the integrity of the system/application.
    (CVE-2021-42292)

  • A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to bypass authentication and execute unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-40442)

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 70300
##
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
##

# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were  
# extracted from the Microsoft Security Updates API. The text
# itself is copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.

include('deprecated_nasl_level.inc');
include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(161757);
  script_version("1.5");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/04/01");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2021-40442", "CVE-2021-42292");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2021/12/01");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2021-A-0541-S");

  script_name(english:"Security Updates for Microsoft Excel Products C2R (November 2021)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The Microsoft Excel Products are affected by multiple vulnerabilities.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The Microsoft Excel Products are missing security updates.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities:

  - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists. An
    attacker can exploit this and bypass the security
    feature and perform unauthorized actions compromising
    the integrity of the system/application.
    (CVE-2021-42292)

  - A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to bypass authentication and execute
    unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-40442)");
  # https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/officeupdates/update-history-office-2019
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?42ab6861");
  # https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/officeupdates/update-history-microsoft365-apps-by-date
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?fd4508ff");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"For Office 365, Office 2016 C2R, or Office 2019, ensure automatic
updates are enabled or open any office app and manually perform an
update.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-42292");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2021/11/09");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2021/11/09");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2022/06/01");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/a:microsoft:excel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Windows");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("office_installed.nasl", "microsoft_office_compatibility_pack_installed.nbin", "smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
  script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
  script_require_ports(139, 445, "Host/patch_management_checks");

  exit(0);
}

include('vcf_extras_office.inc');

var bulletin = 'MS21-11';

var constraints = [
  { 'channel':'Deferred', 'channel_version':'2102',  'fixed_version': '16.0.13801.21050'},
  { 'channel':'Deferred', 'fixed_version': '16.0.13127.21820'},
  { 'channel':'Microsoft 365 Apps on Windows 7',  'fixed_version': '16.0.12527.22060'},
  { 'channel':'Enterprise Deferred', 'channel_version':'2109',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14430.20342'},
  { 'channel':'Enterprise Deferred',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14326.20600'},
  { 'channel':'First Release for Deferred',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14326.20600'},
  { 'channel':'2016 Retail',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14527.20276'},
  { 'channel':'Current',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14527.20276'},
  { 'channel':'2019 Volume',  'fixed_version': '16.0.10380.20037'},
  { 'channel':'2019 Retail',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14527.20276'},
  { 'channel':'LTSC 2021',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14332.20176'},
  { 'channel':'2021 Retail',  'fixed_version': '16.0.14527.20276'}
];

vcf::microsoft::office_product::check_version_and_report(
  constraints:constraints,
  severity:SECURITY_WARNING,
  bulletin:bulletin,
  subproduct:'Excel'
);

VendorProductVersionCPE
microsoftexcelcpe:/a:microsoft:excel

6.8 Medium

CVSS2

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

REQUIRED

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8.3 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.034 Low

EPSS

Percentile

91.5%