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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2021-2569.NASL
HistoryJul 03, 2021 - 12:00 a.m.

Oracle Linux 8 : libxml2 (ELSA-2021-2569)

2021-07-0300:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
75

7.8 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

The remote Oracle Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ELSA-2021-2569 advisory.

  • Thereโ€™s a flaw in libxml2โ€™s xmllint in versions before 2.9.11. An attacker who is able to submit a crafted file to be processed by xmllint could trigger a use-after-free. The greatest impact of this flaw is to confidentiality, integrity, and availability. (CVE-2021-3516)

  • Thereโ€™s a flaw in libxml2 in versions before 2.9.11. An attacker who is able to submit a crafted file to be processed by an application linked with libxml2 could trigger a use-after-free. The greatest impact from this flaw is to confidentiality, integrity, and availability. (CVE-2021-3518)

  • A vulnerability found in libxml2 in versions before 2.9.11 shows that it did not propagate errors while parsing XML mixed content, causing a NULL dereference. If an untrusted XML document was parsed in recovery mode and post-validated, the flaw could be used to crash the application. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to system availability. (CVE-2021-3537)

  • There is a flaw in the xml entity encoding functionality of libxml2 in versions before 2.9.11. An attacker who is able to supply a crafted file to be processed by an application linked with the affected functionality of libxml2 could trigger an out-of-bounds read. The most likely impact of this flaw is to application availability, with some potential impact to confidentiality and integrity if an attacker is able to use memory information to further exploit the application. (CVE-2021-3517)

  • libxml2: Exponential entity expansion attack bypasses all existing protection mechanisms (CVE-2021-3541)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the applicationโ€™s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 70300
##
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Oracle Linux Security Advisory ELSA-2021-2569.
##

include('deprecated_nasl_level.inc');
include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(151359);
  script_version("1.4");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/12/11");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2021-3516",
    "CVE-2021-3517",
    "CVE-2021-3518",
    "CVE-2021-3537",
    "CVE-2021-3541"
  );

  script_name(english:"Oracle Linux 8 : libxml2 (ELSA-2021-2569)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the
ELSA-2021-2569 advisory.

  - There's a flaw in libxml2's xmllint in versions before 2.9.11. An attacker who is able to submit a crafted
    file to be processed by xmllint could trigger a use-after-free. The greatest impact of this flaw is to
    confidentiality, integrity, and availability. (CVE-2021-3516)

  - There's a flaw in libxml2 in versions before 2.9.11. An attacker who is able to submit a crafted file to
    be processed by an application linked with libxml2 could trigger a use-after-free. The greatest impact
    from this flaw is to confidentiality, integrity, and availability. (CVE-2021-3518)

  - A vulnerability found in libxml2 in versions before 2.9.11 shows that it did not propagate errors while
    parsing XML mixed content, causing a NULL dereference. If an untrusted XML document was parsed in recovery
    mode and post-validated, the flaw could be used to crash the application. The highest threat from this
    vulnerability is to system availability. (CVE-2021-3537)

  - There is a flaw in the xml entity encoding functionality of libxml2 in versions before 2.9.11. An attacker
    who is able to supply a crafted file to be processed by an application linked with the affected
    functionality of libxml2 could trigger an out-of-bounds read. The most likely impact of this flaw is to
    application availability, with some potential impact to confidentiality and integrity if an attacker is
    able to use memory information to further exploit the application. (CVE-2021-3517)

  - libxml2: Exponential entity expansion attack bypasses all existing protection mechanisms (CVE-2021-3541)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://linux.oracle.com/errata/ELSA-2021-2569.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected libxml2, libxml2-devel and / or python3-libxml2 packages.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-3517");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-3518");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2021/05/14");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2021/07/03");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2021/07/03");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:oracle:linux:8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:libxml2");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:libxml2-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:python3-libxml2");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Oracle Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/OracleLinux", "Host/RedHat/release", "Host/RedHat/rpm-list", "Host/local_checks_enabled");

  exit(0);
}


include('audit.inc');
include('global_settings.inc');
include('rpm.inc');

if (!get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled')) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
if (!get_kb_item('Host/OracleLinux')) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
release = get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/release");
if (isnull(release) || !pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux)", string:release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux) .*release ([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)", string:release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, 'Oracle Linux');
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^8([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux 8', 'Oracle Linux ' + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item('Host/RedHat/rpm-list')) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Oracle Linux', cpu);

pkgs = [
    {'reference':'libxml2-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'libxml2-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'libxml2-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'libxml2-devel-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'libxml2-devel-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'libxml2-devel-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-libxml2-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-libxml2-2.9.7-9.0.1.el8_4.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

flag = 0;
foreach package_array ( pkgs ) {
  reference = NULL;
  release = NULL;
  sp = NULL;
  cpu = NULL;
  el_string = NULL;
  rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  epoch = NULL;
  allowmaj = NULL;
  exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) release = 'EL' + package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && release) {
    if (exists_check) {
        if (rpm_exists(release:release, rpm:exists_check) && rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    } else {
        if (rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    }
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'libxml2 / libxml2-devel / python3-libxml2');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
oraclelinux8cpe:/o:oracle:linux:8
oraclelinuxlibxml2p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:libxml2
oraclelinuxlibxml2-develp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:libxml2-devel
oraclelinuxpython3-libxml2p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:python3-libxml2