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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.AL2_ALASKERNEL-5_15-2022-004.NASL
HistoryJul 21, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALASKERNEL-5.15-2022-004)

2022-07-2100:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
27

7.9 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.001 Low

EPSS

Percentile

50.9%

The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 5.15.50-23.125. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2KERNEL-5.15-2022-004 advisory.

  • With shadow paging enabled, the INVPCID instruction results in a call to kvm_mmu_invpcid_gva. If INVPCID is executed with CR0.PG=0, the invlpg callback is not set and the result is a NULL pointer dereference.
    (CVE-2022-1789)

  • A NULL pointer dereference flaw was found in the Linux kernel’s KVM module, which can lead to a denial of service in the x86_emulate_insn in arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c. This flaw occurs while executing an illegal instruction in guest in the Intel CPU. (CVE-2022-1852)

  • A vulnerability was found in the Linux kernel’s nft_set_desc_concat_parse() function .This flaw allows an attacker to trigger a buffer overflow via nft_set_desc_concat_parse() , causing a denial of service and possibly to run code. (CVE-2022-2078)

  • net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c in the Linux kernel through 5.18.1 allows a local user (able to create user/net namespaces) to escalate privileges to root because an incorrect NFT_STATEFUL_EXPR check leads to a use-after-free. (CVE-2022-32250)

  • An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.18.3 on powerpc 32-bit platforms. There is a buffer overflow in ptrace PEEKUSER and POKEUSER (aka PEEKUSR and POKEUSR) when accessing floating point registers. (CVE-2022-32981)

  • rpmsg_virtio_add_ctrl_dev in drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c in the Linux kernel before 5.18.4 has a double free. (CVE-2022-34494)

  • rpmsg_probe in drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c in the Linux kernel before 5.18.4 has a double free.
    (CVE-2022-34495)

  • A kernel information leak flaw was identified in the scsi_ioctl function in drivers/scsi/scsi_ioctl.c in the Linux kernel. This flaw allows a local attacker with a special user privilege (CAP_SYS_ADMIN or CAP_SYS_RAWIO) to create issues with confidentiality. (CVE-2022-0494) (CVE-2022-1184)

  • A use-after-free flaw was found in fs/ext4/namei.c:dx_insert_block() in the Linux kernel’s filesystem sub- component. This flaw allows a local attacker with a user privilege to cause a denial of service.
    (CVE-2022-1184) (CVE-2022-1972, CVE-2022-1973)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Amazon Linux 2 Security Advisory ALASKERNEL-5.15-2022-004.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(163370);
  script_version("1.5");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/01/16");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2022-1184",
    "CVE-2022-1789",
    "CVE-2022-1852",
    "CVE-2022-1972",
    "CVE-2022-1973",
    "CVE-2022-2078",
    "CVE-2022-32250",
    "CVE-2022-32981",
    "CVE-2022-34494",
    "CVE-2022-34495"
  );

  script_name(english:"Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALASKERNEL-5.15-2022-004)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 5.15.50-23.125. It is, therefore, affected by multiple
vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2KERNEL-5.15-2022-004 advisory.

  - With shadow paging enabled, the INVPCID instruction results in a call to kvm_mmu_invpcid_gva. If INVPCID
    is executed with CR0.PG=0, the invlpg callback is not set and the result is a NULL pointer dereference.
    (CVE-2022-1789)

  - A NULL pointer dereference flaw was found in the Linux kernel's KVM module, which can lead to a denial of
    service in the x86_emulate_insn in arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c. This flaw occurs while executing an illegal
    instruction in guest in the Intel CPU. (CVE-2022-1852)

  - A vulnerability was found in the Linux kernel's nft_set_desc_concat_parse() function .This flaw allows an
    attacker to trigger a buffer overflow via nft_set_desc_concat_parse() , causing a denial of service and
    possibly to run code. (CVE-2022-2078)

  - net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c in the Linux kernel through 5.18.1 allows a local user (able to create
    user/net namespaces) to escalate privileges to root because an incorrect NFT_STATEFUL_EXPR check leads to
    a use-after-free. (CVE-2022-32250)

  - An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.18.3 on powerpc 32-bit platforms. There is a buffer
    overflow in ptrace PEEKUSER and POKEUSER (aka PEEKUSR and POKEUSR) when accessing floating point
    registers. (CVE-2022-32981)

  - rpmsg_virtio_add_ctrl_dev in drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c in the Linux kernel before 5.18.4 has a
    double free. (CVE-2022-34494)

  - rpmsg_probe in drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c in the Linux kernel before 5.18.4 has a double free.
    (CVE-2022-34495)

  - A kernel information leak flaw was identified in the scsi_ioctl function in drivers/scsi/scsi_ioctl.c in
    the Linux kernel. This flaw allows a local attacker with a special user privilege (CAP_SYS_ADMIN or
    CAP_SYS_RAWIO) to create issues with confidentiality. (CVE-2022-0494) (CVE-2022-1184)

  - A use-after-free flaw was found in fs/ext4/namei.c:dx_insert_block() in the Linux kernel's filesystem sub-
    component. This flaw allows a local attacker with a user privilege to cause a denial of service.
    (CVE-2022-1184) (CVE-2022-1972, CVE-2022-1973)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2/ALASKERNEL-5.15-2022-004.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1184.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1789.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1852.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1972.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1973.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2078.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-32250.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-32981.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-34494.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-34495.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Run 'yum update kernel' to update your system.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-32250");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-32981");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2022/06/02");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2022/07/19");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2022/07/21");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-5.15.50-23.125");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Amazon Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("kpatch.nasl", "ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/AmazonLinux/release", "Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}

include("rpm.inc");
include("hotfixes.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);

var alas_release = get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/release");
if (isnull(alas_release) || !strlen(alas_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "^AL(A|\d+|-\d+)", string:alas_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Amazon Linux");
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (os_ver != "2")
{
  if (os_ver == 'A') os_ver = 'AMI';
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux 2", "Amazon Linux " + os_ver);
}

if (!get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

if (get_one_kb_item("Host/kpatch/kernel-cves"))
{
  set_hotfix_type("kpatch");
  var cve_list = make_list("CVE-2022-1184", "CVE-2022-1789", "CVE-2022-1852", "CVE-2022-1966", "CVE-2022-1972", "CVE-2022-1973", "CVE-2022-2078", "CVE-2022-32250", "CVE-2022-32981", "CVE-2022-34494", "CVE-2022-34495");
  if (hotfix_cves_check(cve_list))
  {
    audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, "kpatch hotfix for ALASKERNEL-5.15-2022-004");
  }
  else
  {
    __rpm_report = hotfix_reporting_text();
  }
}
var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'bpftool-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'bpftool-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'bpftool-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'bpftool-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-livepatch-5.15.50-23.125-1.0-0.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-livepatch-5.15.50-23.125-1.0-0.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'perf-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'perf-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-debuginfo-5.15.50-23.125.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.15'}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && _release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:_release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "bpftool / bpftool-debuginfo / kernel / etc");
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
amazonlinuxbpftoolp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool
amazonlinuxbpftool-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo
amazonlinuxkernelp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64
amazonlinuxkernel-develp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel
amazonlinuxkernel-headersp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers
amazonlinuxkernel-livepatch-5.15.50-23.125p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-5.15.50-23.125
amazonlinuxkernel-toolsp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools
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References