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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.AL2_ALAS-2021-1641.NASL
HistoryMay 24, 2021 - 12:00 a.m.

Amazon Linux 2 : ruby (ALAS-2021-1641)

2021-05-2400:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
114

7.5 High

CVSS2

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

7.5 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N

0.019 Low

EPSS

Percentile

88.5%

The version of ruby installed on the remote host is prior to 2.0.0.648-36. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2021-1641 advisory.

  • An issue was discovered in Ruby through 2.5.8, 2.6.x through 2.6.6, and 2.7.x through 2.7.1. WEBrick, a simple HTTP server bundled with Ruby, had not checked the transfer-encoding header value rigorously. An attacker may potentially exploit this issue to bypass a reverse proxy (which also has a poor header check), which may lead to an HTTP Request Smuggling attack. (CVE-2020-25613)

  • The JSON gem through 2.2.0 for Ruby, as used in Ruby 2.4 through 2.4.9, 2.5 through 2.5.7, and 2.6 through 2.6.5, has an Unsafe Object Creation Vulnerability. This is quite similar to CVE-2013-0269, but does not rely on poor garbage-collection behavior within Ruby. Specifically, use of JSON parsing methods can lead to creation of a malicious object within the interpreter, with adverse effects that are application- dependent. (CVE-2020-10663)

  • In RDoc 3.11 through 6.x before 6.3.1, as distributed with Ruby through 3.0.1, it is possible to execute arbitrary code via | and tags in a filename. (CVE-2021-31799)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 70300
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Amazon Linux 2 Security Advisory ALAS-2021-1641.
##

include('deprecated_nasl_level.inc');
include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(149871);
  script_version("1.5");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/03/21");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2020-10663", "CVE-2020-25613", "CVE-2021-31799");
  script_xref(name:"ALAS", value:"2021-1641");

  script_name(english:"Amazon Linux 2 : ruby (ALAS-2021-1641)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of ruby installed on the remote host is prior to 2.0.0.648-36. It is, therefore, affected by multiple
vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2021-1641 advisory.

  - An issue was discovered in Ruby through 2.5.8, 2.6.x through 2.6.6, and 2.7.x through 2.7.1. WEBrick, a
    simple HTTP server bundled with Ruby, had not checked the transfer-encoding header value rigorously. An
    attacker may potentially exploit this issue to bypass a reverse proxy (which also has a poor header
    check), which may lead to an HTTP Request Smuggling attack. (CVE-2020-25613)

  - The JSON gem through 2.2.0 for Ruby, as used in Ruby 2.4 through 2.4.9, 2.5 through 2.5.7, and 2.6 through
    2.6.5, has an Unsafe Object Creation Vulnerability. This is quite similar to CVE-2013-0269, but does not
    rely on poor garbage-collection behavior within Ruby. Specifically, use of JSON parsing methods can lead
    to creation of a malicious object within the interpreter, with adverse effects that are application-
    dependent. (CVE-2020-10663)

  - In RDoc 3.11 through 6.x before 6.3.1, as distributed with Ruby through 3.0.1, it is possible to execute
    arbitrary code via | and tags in a filename. (CVE-2021-31799)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2/ALAS-2021-1641.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/../../faqs.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2020-10663.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2020-25613.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2021-31799.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Run 'yum update ruby' to update your system.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:U/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2020-25613");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No known exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2013/02/11");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2021/05/20");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2021/05/24");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-doc");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-irb");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-libs");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-tcltk");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-bigdecimal");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-io-console");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-json");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-minitest");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-psych");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-rake");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-rdoc");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygems");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygems-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Amazon Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/AmazonLinux/release", "Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}

include("rpm.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);

var alas_release = get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/release");
if (isnull(alas_release) || !strlen(alas_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "^AL(A|\d+|-\d+)", string:alas_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Amazon Linux");
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (os_ver != "2")
{
  if (os_ver == 'A') os_ver = 'AMI';
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux 2", "Amazon Linux " + os_ver);
}

if (!get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'ruby-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-debuginfo-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-debuginfo-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-debuginfo-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-devel-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-devel-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-devel-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-doc-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-irb-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-libs-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-libs-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-libs-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-tcltk-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-tcltk-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'ruby-tcltk-2.0.0.648-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-bigdecimal-1.2.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-bigdecimal-1.2.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-bigdecimal-1.2.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-io-console-0.4.2-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-io-console-0.4.2-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-io-console-0.4.2-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-json-1.7.7-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-json-1.7.7-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-json-1.7.7-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-minitest-4.3.2-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-psych-2.0.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-psych-2.0.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-psych-2.0.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-rake-0.9.6-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygem-rdoc-4.0.0-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygems-2.0.14.1-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'rubygems-devel-2.0.14.1-36.amzn2.0.2', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && _release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:_release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_WARNING,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "ruby / ruby-debuginfo / ruby-devel / etc");
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
amazonlinuxrubyp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby
amazonlinuxruby-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-debuginfo
amazonlinuxruby-develp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-devel
amazonlinuxruby-docp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-doc
amazonlinuxruby-irbp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-irb
amazonlinuxruby-libsp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-libs
amazonlinuxruby-tcltkp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:ruby-tcltk
amazonlinuxrubygem-bigdecimalp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-bigdecimal
amazonlinuxrubygem-io-consolep-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-io-console
amazonlinuxrubygem-jsonp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:rubygem-json
Rows per page:
1-10 of 171

7.5 High

CVSS2

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

7.5 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N

0.019 Low

EPSS

Percentile

88.5%