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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.AL2022_ALAS2022-2022-127.NASL
HistorySep 06, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Amazon Linux 2022 : (ALAS2022-2022-127)

2022-09-0600:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
23
amazon linux 2022
multiple vulnerabilities
information disclosure
amd processors
intel processors
speculative code execution
alas2022-2022-127 advisory
cve-2022-23825
cve-2022-26373
cve-2022-28693
nessus scanner

CVSS2

2.1

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N

CVSS3

6.5

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

AI Score

7.6

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

18.1%

It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2022-2022-127 advisory.

  • Aliases in the branch predictor may cause some AMD processors to predict the wrong branch type potentially leading to information disclosure. (CVE-2022-23825)

  • Non-transparent sharing of return predictor targets between contexts in some Intel® Processors may allow an authorized user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-26373)

  • A flaw was found in hw. Mis-trained branch predictions for return instructions may allow arbitrary speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-28693)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Amazon Linux 2022 Security Advisory ALAS2022-2022-127.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(164707);
  script_version("1.5");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/01/16");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2022-23825",
    "CVE-2022-26373",
    "CVE-2022-28693"
  );
  script_xref(name:"CEA-ID", value:"CEA-2022-0026");

  script_name(english:"Amazon Linux 2022 :  (ALAS2022-2022-127)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Amazon Linux 2022 host is missing a security update.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2022-2022-127 advisory.

  - Aliases in the branch predictor may cause some AMD processors to predict the wrong branch type potentially
    leading to information disclosure. (CVE-2022-23825)

  - Non-transparent sharing of return predictor targets between contexts in some Intel(R) Processors may allow
    an authorized user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-26373)

  - A flaw was found in hw. Mis-trained branch predictions for return instructions may allow arbitrary
    speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-28693)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2022/ALAS-2022-127.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-23825.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-26373.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-28693.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Run 'dnf update kernel --releasever=2022.0.20220817' to update your system.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-23825");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2022/07/12");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2022/08/16");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2022/09/06");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-5.15.57-29.131");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python3-perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python3-perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2022");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Amazon Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/AmazonLinux/release", "Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}

include("rpm.inc");
include("hotfixes.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);

var release = get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/release");
if (isnull(release) || !strlen(release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "^AL(A|\d+|-\d+)", string:release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (os_ver != "-2022")
{
  if (os_ver == 'A') os_ver = 'AMI';
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux 2022", "Amazon Linux " + os_ver);
}

if (!get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

if (get_one_kb_item("Host/kpatch/kernel-cves"))
{
  set_hotfix_type("kpatch");
  var cve_list = make_list("CVE-2022-23816", "CVE-2022-23825", "CVE-2022-26373", "CVE-2022-28693");
  if (hotfix_cves_check(cve_list))
  {
    audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, "kpatch hotfix for ALAS2022-2022-127");
  }
  else
  {
    __rpm_report = hotfix_reporting_text();
  }
}
var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'bpftool-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'bpftool-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'bpftool-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'bpftool-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-livepatch-5.15.57-29.131-1.0-0.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-livepatch-5.15.57-29.131-1.0-0.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-perf-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-perf-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-perf-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'python3-perf-debuginfo-5.15.57-29.131.amzn2022', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL-2022', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_NOTE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "bpftool / bpftool-debuginfo / kernel / etc");
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
amazonlinuxbpftoolp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool
amazonlinuxbpftool-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo
amazonlinuxkernelp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfop-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64
amazonlinuxkernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64
amazonlinuxkernel-develp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel
amazonlinuxkernel-headersp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers
amazonlinuxkernel-livepatch-5.15.57-29.131p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-5.15.57-29.131
amazonlinuxkernel-toolsp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools
Rows per page:
1-10 of 171

CVSS2

2.1

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N

CVSS3

6.5

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

AI Score

7.6

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

18.1%