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HistoryDec 24, 2021 - 1:23 p.m.

Security Bulletin: Publicly disclosed vulnerabilities from Kernel affect IBM Netezza Host Management

2021-12-2413:23:23
www.ibm.com
19

0.001 Low

EPSS

Percentile

34.3%

Summary

Kernel is used by IBM Netezza Host Management. This bulletin provides mitigation for the reported CVEs

Vulnerability Details

CVEID:CVE-2021-32399
**DESCRIPTION:**Linux Kernel could allow a local authenticated attacker to gain elevated privileges on the system, caused by a race condition in the BlueTooth subsystem. By sending a specially-crafted request, an authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code with elevated privileges.
CVSS Base score: 7.8
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/201653 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

CVEID:CVE-2020-36386
**DESCRIPTION:**Linux Kernel could allow a local attacker to obtain sensitive information, caused by an out-of-bounds read in flaw in the hci_extended_inquiry_result_evt function in net/bluetooth/hci_event.c. By sending a specially-crafted request, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to obtain sensitive information or cause a denial of service condition.
CVSS Base score: 7.7
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/203846 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H)

Affected Products and Versions

Affected Product(s) Version(s)
IBM Netezza Host Management All IBM Netezza Host Management starting 5.4.9.0

Remediation/Fixes

None

Workarounds and Mitigations

Mitigation of the reported CVEs : CVE-2020-36386, CVE-2021-32399 blocklisting kernel module** bluetooth** to prevent it from loading automatically on PureData System for Analytics N200x and N3001 is as follows:

1. Change to user nz:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# su – nz

2. Check to see if Call Home is enabled:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzcallhome -status
If enabled, disable it:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzcallhome –off
Note: Ensure that nzcallhome returns status as disabled. If there are errors in the callHome.txt configuration file, errors are listed in the output, and call-Home is disabled.

3. Check the state of the Netezza system:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzstate

4. If the system state is online, stop the system using the command:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzstop

5. Wait for the system to stop, using the command:
[nz@nzhos1t ~]$ nzstate
System state is ‘Stopped’.

6. Exit from the nz session to return to user root:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ exit

7. Logged into the active host as root, type the following commands to stop the heartbeat processes:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/service heartbeat stop
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/service heartbeat stop

8. Run below commands as a root user to disable heartbeat from startup:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat off
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat off

9. Type the following commands to stop the DRBD processes:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/service drbd stop
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/service drbd stop

10. Run below commands as a root user to disable drbd from startup:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig drbd off
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/chkconfig drbd off

Execute below steps using “root” user on both ha1/ha2 hosts

Step 1: Check if kernel module bluetooth is loaded in the host

lsmod | grep bluetooth

example:
[root@ nzhost1 ~]# lsmod | grep bluetooth
bluetooth 98183 0
rfkill 19319 1 bluetooth

Note: No output onStep 1for any module indicates, that module is not loaded hence skipStep 2for that module, and proceed withStep 3

Step 2: Unload kernel module bluetooth if it is loaded

modprobe -rv bluetooth

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# modprobe -rv bluetooth
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64/kernel/net/bluetooth/bluetooth.ko
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64/kernel/net/rfkill/rfkill.ko

Kernel modules and their dependent modules will be unloaded in the reverse order that they are loaded, given that no processes depend on any of the modules being unloaded.

Step 3: To prevent modules from being loaded directly you add the blocklist line to a configuration file specific to the system configuration.

echo “blocklist bluetooth” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf

example :
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “blocklist bluetooth” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf | grep bluetooth
blocklist bluetooth

Step 4: Kernel modules can be loaded directly or loaded as a dependency from another module
To prevent installation as a dependency from another module follow below step:

echo “install bluetooth /bin/false” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “install bluetooth /bin/false” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf | grep bluetooth
blocklist bluetooth
install bluetooth /bin/false

The install line simply causes /bin/false to be run instead of installing a module.

Step 5: Make a backup copy of your initramfs.

cp /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img.$(date +%m-%d-%H%M%S).bak

Example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cp /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img.$(date +%m-%d-%H%M%S).bak
[root@nzhost1 ~]# uname -r
2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ll /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64.img.12-23-064410.bak
-rw------- 1 root root 21553874 Dec 23 06:44 /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64.img.12-23-064410.bak

Step 6: If the kernel module is part of the initramfs (boot configuration), rebuild your initial ramdisk image, omitting the module to be avoided

dracut --omit-drivers bluetooth -f

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# dracut --omit-drivers bluetooth -f
[root@nzhost1 ~]# lsinitrd /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64.img | grep bluetooth

Step 7: Append module_name.blocklist to the kernel cmdline. We give it an invalid parameter of blocklist and set it to 1 as a way to preclude the kernel from loading it.

sed --follow-symlinks -i ‘/\s*kernel /vmlinuz/s/$/ bluetooth.blocklist=1/’ /etc/grub.conf

example :
[root@nzhost1 ~]# sed --follow-symlinks -i ‘/\s*kernel /vmlinuz/s/$/ bluetooth.blocklist=1/’ /etc/grub.conf

Step 8: blocklist the kernel module in kdump’s configuration file.

echo “blocklist bluetooth” >> /etc/kdump.conf

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “blocklist bluetooth” >> /etc/kdump.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/kdump.conf | grep bluetooth
blocklist bluetooth

Note: Perform Step 9 if kexec-tools is installed and kdump is configured else continue with Step 10.
Perform below commands to check if kexec-tools is installed and Kdump is operational
[root@nzhost1 ~]# rpm -qa | grep kexec-tools
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service kdump status

Step 9: Restart the kdump service to pick up the changes to kdump’s initrd.

service kdump restart

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service kdump restart
Stopping kdump: [ OK ]
Detected change(s) the following file(s):

/etc/kdump.conf
Rebuilding /boot/initrd-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64kdump.img
Starting kdump: [ OK ]

Step 10: Reboot the system at a convenient time to have the changes take effect.
Make sure the secondary host is up by pinging or logging in before rebooting the primary host.

/sbin/shutdown -r now

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/shutdown -r now
Make sure the primary server comes up and is reachable before performing Mitigation steps on the secondary server.

** After applying the mitigation:**

1. Start the services using following:
[root@nzhost1 ~]#** service heartbeat start**
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 service heartbeat start
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service drbd start
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 service drbd start

2. Check the stat of the system. Type:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# crm_mon -i5

Result: When the cluster manager comes up and is ready, status appears as follows.
Make sure that nzinit has started before you proceed. (This could take a few minutes.)
Node: nps61074 (e890696b-ab7b-42c0-9e91-4c1cdacbe3f9): online
Node: nps61068 (72043b2e-9217-4666-be6f-79923aef2958): online
Resource Group: nps
drbd_exphome_device(heartbeat:drbddisk): Started nps61074
drbd_nz_device(heartbeat:drbddisk): Started nps61074
exphome_filesystem(heartbeat::ocf:Filesystem): Started nps61074
nz_filesystem (heartbeat::ocf:Filesystem): Started nps61074
fabric_ip (heartbeat::ocf:IPaddr): Started nps61074
wall_ip (heartbeat::ocf:IPaddr): Started nps61074
nzinit (lsb:nzinit): Started nps61074
fencing_route_to_ha1(stonith:apcmaster): Started nps61074
fencing_route_to_ha2(stonith:apcmaster): Started nps61068

3. From host 1 (ha1), press Ctrl+C to break out of crm_mon.

4. Turn on heartbeat and DRBD using the chkconfig:
ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig drbd on ** /sbin/chkconfig drbd on** ** ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat on** ** /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat on**

CPENameOperatorVersion
ibm netezza host managementeqany