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xenXen ProjectXSA-392
HistoryDec 20, 2021 - 9:54 a.m.

Guest can force Linux netback driver to hog large amounts of kernel memory

2021-12-2009:54:00
Xen Project
xenbits.xen.org
34

2.1 Low

CVSS2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P

6.5 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H

0.0004 Low

EPSS

Percentile

14.2%

ISSUE DESCRIPTION

Incoming data packets for a guest in the Linux kernel’s netback driver are buffered until the guest is ready to process them. There are some measures taken for avoiding to pile up too much data, but those can be bypassed by the guest:
There is a timeout how long the client side of an interface can stop consuming new packets before it is assumed to have stalled, but this timeout is rather long (60 seconds by default). Using a UDP connection on a fast interface can easily accumulate gigabytes of data in that time. (CVE-2021-28715)
The timeout could even never trigger if the guest manages to have only one free slot in its RX queue ring page and the next package would require more than one free slot, which may be the case when using GSO, XDP, or software hashing. (CVE-2021-28714)

IMPACT

The Linux kernel’s xen-netback backend driver can be forced by guests to queue arbitrary amounts of network data, finally causing an out of memory situation in the domain the backend is running in (usually dom0).

VULNERABLE SYSTEMS

All systems using the Linux kernel based network backend xen-netback are vulnerable.

2.1 Low

CVSS2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P

6.5 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H

0.0004 Low

EPSS

Percentile

14.2%