XSA-273 changes required, among other things, making any PTE updates restartable. The changes making PTE updates restartable assumed that L2 pagetables would always be promoted preemptibly; but this turns out not to be the case when using the 'linear pagetable' feature; the result was that interrupted operations are not handled properly in certain cases. Furthermore, previous security work making pagetable update preemptible failed to account for 'linear pagetables' at L3 and L4 levels, making it possible for operations to run for longer than acceptable times.
Malicious or buggy x86 PV guest kernels can mount a Denial of Service (DoS) attack affecting the whole system.
All Xen versions are vulnerable. Only x86 systems are affected. ARM systems are not affected. Only Xen versions which permit linear page table use by PV guests are vulnerable. Only x86 PV guests can leverage this vulnerability. x86 HVM guests cannot leverage this vulnerability.