When emulating HVM instructions, Xen uses a small i-cache for fetches from guest memory. The code that handles cache misses does not check if the address from which it fetched lies within the cache before blindly writing to it. As such it is possible for the guest to overwrite hypervisor memory. It is currently believed that the only way to trigger this bug is to use the way that Xen currently incorrectly wraps CS:IP in 16 bit modes. The included patch prevents such wrapping.
A malicious HVM guest administrator can escalate their privilege to that of the host.
Xen versions 4.7.0 and later are vulnerable. Xen releases 4.6.3 and 4.5.3 are vulnerable. Xen releases 4.6.0 to 4.6.2 inclusive are NOT vulnerable. Xen releases 4.5.2 and earlier are NOT vulnerable. The vulnerability is only exposed to HVM guests on x86 hardware. The vulnerability is not exposed to x86 PV guests, or ARM guests.