Microsoft Skype Shop - GiftCards Persistent Vulnerability

2013-01-30T00:00:00
ID VULNERLAB:826
Type vulnerlab
Reporter Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@vulnerability-lab.com)
Modified 2013-01-30T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            Document Title:
===============
Microsoft Skype Shop - GiftCards Persistent Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=826

MICROSOFT SECURITY RESPONSE CENTER (MSRC) ID:  13603
MICROSOFT SECURITY RESPONSE CENTER (MSRC) MANAGER: CL


Release Date:
=============
2013-01-30


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
826


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.5


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Skype is a proprietary voice-over-Internet Protocol service and software application originally created in 2003 by Swedish entrepreneur 
Niklas Zennström and his Danish partner Janus Friis. It has been owned by Microsoft since 2011. The service allows users to communicate 
with peers by voice, video, and instant messaging over the Internet. Phone calls may be placed to recipients on the traditional telephone 
networks. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free of charge, while calls to landline telephones and mobile phones are charged 
via a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features, including file transfer, and videoconferencing. 
Competitors include SIP and H.323-based services, such as Linphone, as well as the Google Talk service, Mumble and Hall.com.

Skype has 663 million registered users as of September 2011. The network is operated by Microsoft, which has its Skype division headquarters 
in Luxembourg. Most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are situated in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia.

Unlike most other VoIP services, Skype is a hybrid peer-to-peer and client–server system. It makes use of background processing on computers 
running Skype software. Skype`s original proposed name (Sky Peer-to-Peer) reflects this fact. Some network administrators have banned Skype 
on corporate, government, home, and education networks, citing reasons such as inappropriate usage of resources, excessive bandwidth usage, 
and security concerns.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skype)


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple persistent persistent web vulnerabilities in the Microsoft Skype GiftCards application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2013-01-03:	Researcher Notification & Coordination
2013-01-09:	Vendor Notification
2013-01-10:	Vendor Response/Feedback
2013-01-29:	Vendor Fix/Patch (MSRC)
2013-01-30:	Public Disclosure


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Microsoft Corp.
Product: Skype Shop 2013 Q1


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Low


Technical Details & Description:
================================
Multiple persistent input validation web vulnerabilities are detected in the official Microsoft Skype GiftCards application.
The vulnerability allows an attacker to inject own malicious script code in the vulnerable module on application-side (persistent).

The vulnerabilities are located in the skype shop gift cards module when processing to list the giftcard of the buyer or customer.
The script code will be injected via the send giftcard function and allows an attacker to inject persistent script code as name, 
message and information details. The code will be executed in the review module but also at the end in the giftcard which will be send 
to the customer or friend. The vulnerability can be exploited without application user account and with low required user interaction.

Successful exploitation of the persistent input validation web vulnerability result in persistent session hijacking, persistent phishing, 
external redirect, external malware loads and persistent vulnerable module context manipulation.

Vulnerable Service(s):
				[+] Microsoft Corp. - Skype [Shop Service]

Vulnerable Module(s):
				[+] Skype GiftCards

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
				[+] An (to)- Name
				[+] Von (from) - Name
				[+] Vorname oder Rufname
				[+] Gift Card Message Body


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged application user account and with low required user interaction.
For demonstration or reproduce ...


Review: Skype GiftCards -  Name

<tbody><tr>
<td valign="middle" width="100%">
<table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0">
<tbody><tr>
<td class="inner_cell" valign="middle" width="100%">
<!-- // Begin Module: Standard Header Text \\ -->
<h1 style="font-family: 'Segoe UI', Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 24px;
font-weight: normal; color: #666666; display: block; line-height: 120%; margin: 0;text-align: left;">
Hallo, <[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]">%20%20%20%20[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]">.
<br 
/>




Review: Skype GiftCards -  Ecard and Message Text

<!-- // Begin
 Module: Ecard and Message Text \\ --><td 
class="inner_cell" valign="middle" width="50%"><!-- MAX 
Chart 30 --><h4 
class="h4" style="font-family: 'Segoe UI', Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;font-size: 16px;
font-weight: bold; color: #999999; display: block; line-height: 100%; margin: 0;
text-align: left;">An 
<[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]%20_[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]">,</h4><br /><!-- MAX 
Chart 80 --><iframe 
src=a>%20[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]") <<br /><br /><!-- MAX 
Chart 250 --><iframe 
src=a>%20[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]") <<br /><br /><!-- MAX 
Chart 28 --><h4 


Reference(s):

Service:	http://shop.skype.com/skype-gift-cards
Module:		https://de.chatandvision.com/skype_giftcard/payment#preview_div
Insert:		https://de.chatandvision.com/skype_giftcard/personalize
Listing:	https://de.chatandvision.com/skype_giftcard/payment
		https://de.chatandvision.com/skype_giftcard/payment


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
2013-01-29:	Vendor Fix/Patch (MSRC)


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerabilities is estimated as medium(+).


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@vulnerability-lab.com)


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=========================
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